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4.04 Civil Rights

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Kayla Adair

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of 4.04 Civil Rights

Civil Rights Brown v. Board of Education Roe v. Wade Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. Unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision did not succeed in fully desegregating public education in the United States, but it put the Constitution on the right track for racial equality and unite the civil rights movement into a full revolution. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. It ruled the state law that banned abortions except to save the life of the mother, unconstitutional. The Court ruled that the states were not allowed to outlaw or regulate any aspect of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy, they could only enact abortion regulations reasonably related to maternal health in the second and third trimesters, and they could enact abortion laws protecting the life of the fetus only in the third trimester. Even then, an exception had to be made to protect the life of the mother. Although it was not the Supreme Court's most important decision, Roe v. Wade remains its most recognized. The Fourteenth Amendment The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. Following the Civil War, Congress submitted to the states three amendments as part of its Reconstruction program to guarantee equal civil and legal rights to black citizens. The major provision of the 14th amendment was to grant citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, thereby granting citizenship to former slaves. The Fourteenth Amendment states all people born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States and of the State where they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without going through the process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The Nineteenth Amendment The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on their sex. This amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. In the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters began to lecture, write, march, lobby, and practice civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Although those women were a huge part in our history, and helped make our country what it is today, very few early supporters lived to see the final victory in 1920. Work Cited: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_v._Board_of_Education
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roe_v._Wade
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_roe.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=43
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=63
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