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Ergonomics & Anthropometrics Lesson
Transcript of Ergonomics & Anthropometrics Lesson
Anthropometrics So what do these strange words mean? Learning objectives Today most products are made by machines. Sometimes designers are too heavily influenced by how easily it will be to make and the machines and materials available.
For example, look
at a craft knife - it
does not look uncomfortable to use, but it is not shaped very efficiently to fit in your hand. What's it all about?? Conclusion So....
We now know that ergonomics is the study of how efficient a product is when used by humans. It deals with issues such as ease of use, comfort and safety
We have also learnt that anthropometrics is the study of the human body and its sizes
We now know that designers use anthropometric data when designing products so that the products meet ergonomic needs Understand what Ergonomics is
Understand what Anthropometrics is
Know how & why Ergonomics & Anthropometrics are used when designing and making products ERGONOMICS:
Ergonomics is about the relationship between people and the products which they use.
It is about the 'fit': the fit between people, the things they do, the objects they use and the environments they work, travel and play in. If a good fit is achieved, the stresses on people are reduced. If they are more comfortable, they can do things more quickly and easily, and they make fewer mistakes.
Anthropometrics is the name given to the study of the sizes of people and the measurements of the human body - in relation to the design of products. For example, chairs used in schools need to be suitable for most of the sizes of pupils in the schools.
Anthropometric data is used to help when designing products to meet ergonomic needs. As well as sizes of people, ergonomics has to consider the force which someone can apply – for example operating a tin opener, or the pedals of a car. Success =
Collected anthropometric data
Used this data and your new knowledge to begin your designing Your Challenge!
Using the worksheets provided and rulers collect your own anthropometric data. I will ask everyone to read out their data and you must record it on the worksheet provided.
The data required is the width and length of the hand.
Column A = length
Column B = Width
You will then have a couple of minutes to work out the 'average' hand size of a 14/15 year old using your collected data. Your final challenge!
Using your new knowledge of ergonomic design and the anthropometric data you have collected...
Draw at least 6 2D ergonomic shapes as a starting point for your mobile phone design Smallest waist on a living person (At smallest the
Diameter of a Mayonnaise jar, 15 inches) Worlds longest
Female human tongue
(2.7 inches) Worlds longest legs (4.33 feet) and worlds shortest man (2 foot 5 inches) Tallest teenager
In the world
(7 foot 5 inches)