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Alexis Velazquez

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of SATURN

Discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610

The History
The Name
Named after Roman god of agriculture and harvest, Saturnus
In Greek mythology, Saturn is known as Kronos, a titan.
Saturday was named after Saturnus
Location, Size, Temperature, and Unique Features
Average Distance from the Sun: 9.54 AU
Radius: 60,268 km
Mass: 95.2M
Average Density: 0.70 g/cm
Temperature: -270
Like Jupiter it has a spot called the Great White Spot.
The Rings of Saturn
Made of ice and rock, dust or pieces of broken moons
Still unknown how or when the rings were formed
Discovered by Christiaan Huygens 1659 however it is also said that Galileo discovered them in 1610
The Moons
Saturn has about 62 moons
What is Saturn Made Out of?
3% Helium
96% Hydrogen
Saturn also contains traces of ice: ammonia, methane, and water
No detectable atmosphere or magnetic field
Frozen solid
Discovered by William Herschel, 1789
lakes and rivers made of hydrocarbon
thick atmosphere similar to the Earth
Discovered by Christiaan Huygens, 1655
In 1675, Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovered a narrow gap that splits Saturn's ring system into two parts, best known as the "Cassini Division"
Voyager Mission
Launched in 1997
Arrived in 2004
Purpose was to study Saturn,the rings, icy satelites, magnetosphere, and Titan
Completed in 2008

Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched in 1977
Voyager 1 approached Saturn in 1980
Voyager 2 approached Saturn in 1981
Cape Canaveral, Florida
Voyager 1 discovered Saturn's atmosphere
Voyager 2 measured the temperature and density
Cassini Mission
Full transcript