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SEE 2020 abridged

Regional Cooperation Council

Sanjin Arifagic

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of SEE 2020 abridged

South East
Europe 2020 Towards a Regional Growth Strategy Mandate Key
considerations Proposal Next steps 1 2 3 4 5 6 Strategy
development Background 1.1 How it emerged? Idea materialized as a response to Europe 2020, as the region was left out of the main European growth framework 1.2 The main thinking being... 1.3 ...and the initial objectives? 1.4 ...while addressing some of the criticism Increasing regional ownership! 4.1 Issue #1: Comprehensiveness 2.2 2.4 Finally, the transfer of SEEIC provided opportunity to: 3.2 Next steps? 3.1 Milestones for SEE 2020 4.2 Issue #2:
Geographical scope 4.3 Issue #3: Governance 6.1 Distribute responsibility
for development and implementation 6.2 Jointly develop SEE 2020 7.3 + clear platform for donor coordination.. 5.1 Possible solutions?  Mandate? 2.1 .org education Policy
Advice The Unit of Change is EACH education education education education education education Background Europe 2020 ? Tangible results needed! SEEIC Nat'l administr Private sector Donor community Int'l and regional orgs RCC Albania co-chairs South East Europe 2020 Regional Value Chains ministerial
level decision-making executive level working groups and task forces Get a clear mandate for SEE2020 Development
Engage national administrations
Secure resources Addresses mainly the Western Balkans countries, so adequate mechanisms must be sought to closely involve other RCC members Centralized vs. decentralized approach 11th meeting of SEEIC Forulation of SEE2020 targets Tip ...but with SEE 2020 potential enormous. The current role in programming
donor support small Preparations for future membership suggest that the Europe 2020 policy goals and implementation methods are pertinent to enlargement countries Developing ambitious and credible mechanisms to:

Boost competitiveness, productivity, growth potential, social cohesion and economic convergence streamlining! monitoring! coordinating! result oriented! smart sustainable inclusive Greater focus! SEE2020 “The [European] Commission will propose to the Regional Cooperation Council that it sets up platforms for dialogue and peer review in other areas in line with Europe 2020 priorities" RCC to provide a “link between the national and regional level and …for the efforts going into Europe 2020 implementation in the region to demonstrate a considerable level of complementarity with the work being done at the national level.” Actively pursue “a regional recovery and development strategy which should follow the main parameters of the EU 2020 Strategy, based on knowledge and innovation"

Sarajevo High Level Mtg Enlargement Strategy 2010-11 Montenegrin C-i-O Refocused objectives and governance: 2.3 education SEE 2020 Vision (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr integrated growth deeper regional trade and investment linkages and non-discriminatory, transparent and predictable policies enhancing the flow of goods, investment, services and persons smart growth commitment to compete on value added, promoting knowledge and innovation across the board sustainable growth enhancing private sector competitiveness, entrepreneurship and a commitment to greener and more energy-efficient development inclusive growth skills development, employment creation and labour market participation by all, including vulnerable groups and minorities governance for growth improving the capacity of public administrations to strengthen the rule of law and reduce corruption Refocus and restructure SEEIC as the main regional SEE 2020 vehicle Formulate appropriate objectives Determine baseline and establish targets Adopt regional headline targets done! 11 dimensions selected for target setting done! done! 77 national and 11 regional targets proposed Develop full SEE 2020 Strategy and Action Plan by end of 2013
in cooperation with regional structures
agree on indicators
develop measures and actions Put forward a governance mechanism and a monitoring framework Just like Europe 2020, the SEE 2020 Strategy is broader than just socio-economic dimension and includes education, research, environment, energy, climate change, governance, rule of law, justice... Process entirely voluntary, with no enforcement mechanisms.

Governance structure needs to correspond functionally and geographically to the scope and breadth of the strategy Upgrading the SEE 2020 as the main strategic framework for regional cooperation

Expand process to cover most sectors 5.2 Internal implications to RCC activities priority
area 1 priority
area 2 priority
area 3 priority
area 4 priority
area... SEE 2020 5.3 Example of a
matrix set-up integrated ESD SEEIC
CEFTA (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr EIU JHA BHC smart sustain. inclusive governance ECS
cooperation JHA strategic document & M&EM Social
Agenda 2020 R&D Strategy 5.4 (De)centralized governance within RCC's framework RCC pillar: integrated
growth pillar:
Strat TF Cetinje SEECP pillar: governance
for growth JHA
Strat SEE
2020 pillar: sustainable
growth pillar: inclusive
growth Parliament Joint Committee Meeting SEEIC Ministerial Social Agenda 2020 RI Convene coordination meeting with regional structures that:
- can play a leading role within a pillar
- are functionally aligned with SEE 2020
- have capacity to work on development
- can build capacity for implementation
- have or are willing to put in place adequate governance mechanisms a. set common objectives
b. agree on indicators
c. develop measures and actions
d. identify gaps and "pillar advisors" verify relevance and prioritize with national administrations Main
rationale 7 7.1 Coherence in regional cooperation 7.2 Benefits for the RCC? 7.4 ... and finally: Further focus in our activities building upon the current Strategy and Work Programme! a. Clear framework with identified strategic targets, indicators and measures to guide cooperation, consistent with national priorities b. Governance framework for cooperation and coordination on policy responses to issues that cross national borders c. Framework for interaction with donors engaged in regional interventions and coordination with national IPA programmes. Clearly defined central role in regional cooperation Fully streamlined activities of regional players Clear monitoring mandate with pre-defined indicators and agreement with regional structures and national administrations Considerable role in influencing regional donor programmes A clearly defined budget covering both operational AND programme funding convergence, trade, investment, education, productivity... November Ministerial Meeting Develop a shared vision and rally support Done! November 2011 Ministerial 1. Vision: Integrated, smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, underpinned by good governance

2. Mandate for RCC to engage with SEE 2020 and use SEEIC as the main instrument (transfer)

3. Resources to initiate the work "Rapid additional structural reforms in the labour and product markets needed, overcome strong vested interests that stand in the way of reforms", EU Council Recommendation "The overall business environment is characterised by weaknesses that hold back domestic and foreign investors and hamper the swift cleaning of bank balance sheets, such as direct and indirect involvement of the state in the economy", EC Report "The export market share has decreased by 19.4% between 2005 and 2010, one of the strongest declines in Europe", EC recommendation "Poverty has increased with 1.1 million more people at risk in 2010 and child poverty is at an alarming high of 26.2%", European Commission Report "The judiciary system suffers from a number of inefficiencies in terms of resource utilisation, procedures and institutional organisation that are reflected in the low performance of the civil justice, in particular as regards the excessive duration of case-handling and the amount of backlogs", European Council Recommendation EU membership not a panacea, competitiveness and growth should be kept in focus Portugal 3.4 Milestones? A distributed approach:
Divest development of SEE 2020 to regional structures that:
Are able to play a leading role within each pillar
Are functionally aligned with SEE 2020
Have capacity to work on development and can build capacity for implementation
Have, or are willing to put in place adequate governance mechanisms
Coordinate development of joint objectives, actions and indicators at the regional level
Verify through national administrations (shaping governance)
Coordinate at RCC level SEE 2020 Development Process Divests responsibilities for
trade and investment policies
National development strategies
SEE 2020 Strategy and Action Plan Advisor High-level governance body decision (a) 2nd tier objectives
(b) measures and actions
(c) indicators
(d) budgets Line Ministry Social Agenda 2020 Integrated growth National administration Regional structure RCC Establish strong links between national priorities (national development strategies, Economic and Fiscal Programmes, Pre-Accession Economic Programmes, etc.) and regional targets
Disaggregated national and regional targets and objectives to provide clear frameworks for action
Put forward a monitoring framework and a governance mechanism
Regional platforms provide progress review with overall coordination and monitoring at RCC level Envisioned implementation
Action plans
SEE 2020 Monitoring report Advisor High-level governance body decision Social agenda monitoring report and country recomm. Line Ministry Social Agenda 2020 Inclusive growth National administration Regional structure RCC Proposed implementation arrangements (Example: Inclusive growth pillar) 1. Increase intra-regional trade in goods by more than 230%
2. Increase overall FDI inflows to the region by at least 120% Removing trade distortive non-tariff barriers and facilitating cross-border movement of goods in a timely fashion;
Undertaking concerted efforts for the liberalisation of trade in services, under the auspices of CEFTA;
Creating a regional strategy for investment promotion that builds on the work that has already been conducted by the regional working groups under the auspices of the Investment Compact and the SEEIC;
Enforcing laws and regulations to protect intellectual property;
Supporting the work of all CEFTA bodies and structures to fulfill their respective mandates; and
Developing a single regional capital market. i. Integrated growth:
Targets and priority actions i. Integrated growth:
Main stakeholders National counterparts:
Ministries and agencies in charge of trade and investment Main partners:
Regional expert networks Main regional platforms:
SEE Investment Committee
CEFTA Increase GDP per person employed by 33% Promoting „triple helix‟ linkages between academia, industry and policy makers;
Promoting free flows of talent in the region by encouraging SEE economies in achieving bilateral/multilateral universal recognition of diplomas and abolishment of unnecessary visas and permits for students, academia and the business community;
Encouraging “brain gain” through targeted networking with the diaspora and creating conditions favorable to eventual return, in particular through the establishment of a supportive entrepreneurial environment;
Supporting private and public sector investment in R ii. Smart growth:
Targets and priority actions Increase GDP per person employed by 33% Facilitating the participation of enterprises and scientific institutions from SEE in EU programmes and EUREKA and developing effective linkages with European institutions fostering innovation and knowledge;
Raising the level of knowledge absorption via policies that support existing clusters, networks, and centres of excellence to establish a regional cooperation framework fostering knowledge communities;
Promoting natural science, maths and engineering studies while enhancing the quality of education provision and existing quality assurance mechanisms;
Using available resources and private sector expertise to substantially increase the level of combined public-private sector investment in R
Considering measures to support business investment in R&D. ii. Smart growth:
Targets and priority actions (continued) ii. Smart growth:
Main stakeholders National counterparts:
Ministries and agencies in charge of science, education, research, economy and finance Main partners:
World Bank
Regional expert networks Main regional platforms:
Enterprise Development and Innovation Facility (EDIF)
Regional R&D Strategy for Innovation in the Western Balkans
South East European Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (SEECEL)
eSEE Initiative and bSEE Task Force
RCC Task Force on culture and society Increase the rate of enterprise creation by 20%
Increase exports of goods and services per capita by 130% Diversifying export markets, and promoting regional co-operation whenever possible;
Developing measures such as export guarantee schemes to support the private sector;
Supporting private sector competitiveness by helping firms, and in particular SMEs, find niches in which they can be successful in global terms;
Strengthening regional value chains by actively supporting the creation of transnational clusters and business networks;
Promoting venture capital and business angel networks;
Reducing the tax wedge on labour to improve competitiveness;
Accelerating the development of critical infrastructure;
Helping businesses develop and adopt renewable
Encouraging education and training systems to deliver „green‟ and „white‟ skills; and
Integrating green development priorities into long-term policy making, utilising available European and international expertise, and interacting with all stakeholders. iii. Sustainable growth:
Targets and priority actions National counterparts:
Ministries and agencies in charge of energy, environment, economy, transport and infrastructure
CSOs Main partners:
World Bank
Regional expert networks
CSO Networks Main regional platforms:
SEE Investment Committee
Energy Community Secretariat (ECS)
SEE Transport Observatory (SEETO)
Regional Environmental Centre for CEE
ISIS Programme Secretariat
Int’l Sava River Basin Commission
RRD Standing Working Group (RRDSWG) iii. Sustainable growth:
Main stakeholders Increase the overall employment rate to 45.2%
Add 300,000 highly educated people to the region’s workforce Monitoring and tracking skills needs at the regional level;
Developing mechanisms for regional dialogue between employers and policy makers on ways to minimise skills gaps and address skills mismatches through customised training and curricula reform;
Raising the attractiveness of vocational training and increasing employment opportunities for younger workers and promoting early contact with the labour market, including through measures for facilitation of school-to-work transitions and removing obstacles to internships;
Promoting in-company training and up-skilling of employees;
Promoting the inclusion and retraining of older workers in the labour market; iv. Inclusive growth:
Targets and priority actions Increase the overall employment rate to 45.2%
Add 300,000 highly educated people to the region’s workforce Promoting women‟s employment and entrepreneurship and employment of vulnerable groups, in particular the Roma;
Developing regional strategies to support continuous education and lifelong learning and recognition of non-formal
Developing entrepreneurial learning as one priority for education reform;
Increasing high quality tertiary education levels;
Providing opportunities for student exchanges enabling students to study in the region and in OECD countries; and
Reducing the number of individuals who leave school early, with a special focus on students with disabilities, learning disabilities and socio-economic, cultural and/or linguistic disadvantages. iv. Inclusive growth:
Targets and priority actions (continued) National counterparts:
Ministries and agencies in charge of social issues, employment, education Main partners:
World Bank
Regional expert networks
CSOs Main regional platforms:
Social Agenda 2020
SEE VET Network
Centre of Public Employment Services of SEE Countries (CPESSC)
SEE Trade Union Forum (SEETUF)
Adriatic Region Employers’ Centre (AREC)
SEE Health Network iv. Inclusive growth:
Main stakeholders Increase government effectiveness by 20% by 2020 Supporting the capacities of public administrations to design and implement development policies;
Finding complementarities and synergies with other regional initiatives and mechanisms such as the Western Balkan Investment Framework and the Western Balkan Regional Competitiveness Initiative;
Promoting the effective implementation of existing legislation governing competition, including improvement of judiciary capacities and giving high priority to enforcing the rule of law and anti-corruption measures; and
Responsible fiscal and monetary policies. v. Governance for growth:
Targets and priority actions National counterparts:
Ministries and agencies in charge of JHA, public administration reform
National parliaments Main partners:
Regional expert networks
Regional CSO networks Main regional platforms:
Strategic document of the JHA in SEE
Centre for eGovernance Development (CeGD)
Regional Anticorruption Initiative (RAI)
SEE Prosecutors Advisory Group (SEEPAG), SEE Police Chiefs Association (SEPCA), Secretariat of Police Cooperation Convention
Western Balkans Prosecutors' Network, Sofia
Regional Secretariat for Parliamentary Cooperation in SEE (RSPC SEE)
Cetinje Parliamentary Forum v. Governance for growth:
Main stakeholders SEE 2020 Development Ministerial
meeting 1 2 6 2011 2012 2013 Nov 2011 Vision: Integrated, smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, underpinned by good governance
Mandate for RCC to engage with SEE 2020 and use SEEIC as the main instrument (transfer)
Resources to initiate the work achieved: 10th SEEIC
Meeting Apr 2012 Positioned the SEEIC as the main regional champion of SEE 2020
Reshaped the structure of SEEIC to better reflect the needs of the process
Initiated target-setting for SEE 2020 and set up a Task Force on SEE 2020 achieved: SEE 2020
Task Force Jun-Sep 2012 Two meetings held to (i) identify appropriate policy areas for setting targets, (ii) establish baseline and (iii) determine targets
11 regional headline targets determined with corresponding 77 national targets achieved: 11th SEEIC
Meeting Oct 2012 9 out of 11 proposals for targets endorsed, with further two (tertiary education and enterprise creation) endorsed in written procedure
Draft Ministerial statement reviewed and endorsed after amendments achieved: 3 SEEIC
Ministerial Nov 2012 Adoption of targets
Mandate for strategy development and monitoring and governance achieved: SEE 2020 Strategy and Action Plan Development Organize working groups with partners in all five pillars of SEE 2020
Agree on measure, actions and indicators
Develop budgets
Put forward a governance system to be achieved: 4 5 Dec 12-Nov 13 3.5 Development process 3.6 Development process
(Integrated growth) Spain Italy France Slovenia
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