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Carl Jung

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on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Carl Jung

Carl Jung
By Marina G. & Jessica F.

Archetypes:
-the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based
Archetypes
The Innocent Youth
: He or she is inexperienced with many weaknesses and seeks safety with others but others like him/her because of the trust he or she shows in other people
Theory
-Jungian theory divides theory in 3 parts:

shadow:
sex and life instincts , which are derived from animal past, the darker side of us
ex. Dragon, demons, monsters, snakes


How is it different from others?
-it not only explains the personal unconscious (anything that is presently not conscious but can be) like Freudian theory

-it also explains the presence of collective unconsciousness which is the reservoir of the knowledge that we were born with as species.

-It influences all of our experiences and behaviors, and emotional situations, but we only know
about it indirectly, by looking at those influences.
-
ex.
love at first sight, deja vu and immediate
recognition of certain symbols and myths
Carl Gustav Jung's Biography
-Born in Kesswil , Switzerland on July 26, 1875.
-Fourth but only surviving child of Paul Achilles Jung and Emilie Preiswerk
-Paul was a poor rural pastor in the Swiss Reformed Church while his mother came from a wealthy Swiss family
-His mother was a strange and depressed woman who spent much of her time in her separate bedroom captivated by the spirits that she said visited her at night
-Jung had a better relationship with his father
-Although she was normal during the day, Jung said that at night his mother became strange and mysterious
-Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology
-Introverted child
-His father died in 1896, Carl Jung was 21 years old
-His mother died in 1923 when he was 48
-In 1903 Jung married Emma Rauschenbach
-Had five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene
-Married until Emma's death in 1955
-Jung engaged in open relationships with other women. His extramarital relationships with patients and friends Sabina Spielrein and Toni Wolff were the most widely known
-Died on June 6, 1961
Persona:
your public
image, the mask that you put on in front of others
Anima/ Animus:
anima:
is the female aspect present in the collective unconscious of men
animus
: is the male aspect present in the collective unconscious of women
-
The Hero
: He or she is a character who predominantly exhibits goodness and struggles against evil in order to restore harmony and justice to society e.g Hercules
The Mother Figure:
Such a character may be represented as Fairy Mother who guides and directs a child
The Mentor:
His or her task is to protect the main character. It is through the wise advice and training of a mentor that the main character achieves success in the world

The Scapegoat:
A character that takes the blame of everything bad that happens e.g. Snowball in Orwell’s “Animal Farm” etc.

The Villain:
A character whose main function is to go to any extent to oppose the hero or whom the hero must annihilate in order to bring justice
Significance of the Theory
-his theory was not only useful for the psychology , but it influenced religion and literature
-established the relationship between conscious and unconscious processes.
-described the human's psyche and achieving individuation which means developing wholeness in all three aspects :persona, anima and shadow.
-Those three human psyche are everywhere in our
life when we make decisions and solve problems in everyday. The archetypes are also good examples of peoples personalities and traits
We can explore them in the movies , cartoons , books , and etc
Ethical Concerns
How can the Theory be Applied Today?
Jung's work is deeply rooted in psychoanalysis

Jung's theories of individuation and collective unconscious have been incorporated into what is popularly known as "New Age" therapy, as well as nature-based religions and mysticism

Jungian institutes in various countries and in major U.S. cities provide extensive research materials, lecture series, weekend workshops, and long-term training in Jungian analysis

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, based on Jung's
theory of types, has become one of the most
popular psychological tests in the world
(Myers, 1980) .
Strengths and Weakness of the Theory
Literature Cited
Carl Jung. (n.d.). Carl Jung. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/jung.html

Dream Moods: Dream Theories: Carl Jung. (n.d.). Dream Moods: Dream Theories: Carl Jung. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from http://www.dreammoods.com/dreaminformation/dreamtheory/jung.htm

http://www.carl-jung.net/psychotherapy.html

My MBTI Personality Type - MBTI Basics - C. G. Jung's Theory. (n.d.). My MBTI Personality Type - MBTI Basics - C. G. Jung's Theory. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/c-g-jungs-theory.asp
Transpersonal Pioneers: Carl Jung. (n.d.). Transformative Transpersonal Education Since 1975. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from http://www.sofia.edu/content/transpersonal-pioneers-carl-jung

http://www2.ucsc.edu/dreams/Library/lecture_notes_jung.html
Game " What is your archetype?"
-answer the questions to know more about yourself , to see what archetype you are!
Weaknesses
-Jung's major contribution to understanding personality is the concept of the collective unconscious
-His lack of articulation on the subject of social practices suggest that Jung found little or no significance in them on which he thought it would be important enough to comment
-Did not explain anything else except the collective conscious mind
Strengths
-introduces the collective unconsciousness and archetypes that play a key role in literature when it comes to analyzing
-explains the human psyche well
-theory can be applied nowadays
-
Psychology 405 Theory of Personality: The Concept of Humanity such as Determinism vs Free Will in Carl Jung Theories. (n.d.). HubPages. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from
http://hubpages.com/hub/Psychology-405-Theory-of-Personality-The-Balance-of-Carl-Jung

http://www3.niu.edu/acad/psych/Millis/History/2002/jungtoday.htm
Methods Used
Free Associations Test:
test used in psycho therapeutic treatment that consists of recording the average response time to certain words
the patient is asked to answer to the inducted words pronounced by the analyst with any word that comes to his mind .

Dream Analysis:
loosely follows Freud's concepts, including the free associations, subject level, & retrospective approach
Jung later added several new concepts .

Symbol Analysis:
a big part of dream interpretation technique of Jung consists in symbol analysis: It aims at the integration of the unconscious contents and
the extension of conscious mind
Dream content is more consistent over life than the
theory suggests it should be

The archetypes of the collective unconscious, which are meant to explain our individual experiences, are said to come from past experiences of human beings

There is no systematic evidence that the metaphors of waking life are being used in dreams. That point is simply assumed by Jung
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