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The Middle Passage

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by

Rachael Streitman

on 18 September 2017

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Transcript of The Middle Passage

The Middle Passage
Understanding the Atlantic Slave Trade
I CAN: Explain how the forced migration of Africans led to race-based slavery in the colonies
HOW are slaves captured?
Taken during war between tribes, then sold

Africans sold
other
Africans to Europeans for items like guns.

More guns = more fighting = more slaves = more guns, and on, and on
EUROPEAN SLAVE TRADER
African helping capture other Africans to profit from European trader
Enslaved African
THE CROSSING
MIDDLE PASSAGE: Journey of slaves from Africa to the Caribbean

Took 40-180 days

Slaves are traded for material goods that are shipped back to Europe (molasses!)

Slavers:
Ships that carried slaves
Pass around copies of this diagram... What do you see/notice?
Ships are CROWDED and UNSANITARY.

How much room is there?

Slaves laid on planks 66in X 15in, with 20-25in of headroom.

Men are chained in pairs, women and children are separated

Let's plot that out...
FOOD & WATER
Very little provided
Fed gruel/pulp twice a day, watered down, spoiled
Disease
No sanitation
Lay in feces, urine, blood, vomit
Malaria, yellow fever, small pox, dysentery
CRUELTY IS THE NORM

Forced to "Dance" on the deck for exercise

Shackled together- wrists, ankles, neck

Men beaten

Women raped

People jumped overboard- on purpose- to avoid the abuse
SLAVERY BY THE NUMBERS
9-11 MILLION slaves brought to the Americas between 1500-1810
Over 2 million died
600,000 made it to British colonies
Most traveled during 1700-1800, when BRITISH slave trade was at its height
STUMP THE TEACHER
Full transcript