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The Middle Passage
Transcript of The Middle Passage
Understanding the Atlantic Slave Trade
I CAN: Explain how the forced migration of Africans led to race-based slavery in the colonies
HOW are slaves captured?
Taken during war between tribes, then sold
Africans to Europeans for items like guns.
More guns = more fighting = more slaves = more guns, and on, and on
EUROPEAN SLAVE TRADER
African helping capture other Africans to profit from European trader
MIDDLE PASSAGE: Journey of slaves from Africa to the Caribbean
Took 40-180 days
Slaves are traded for material goods that are shipped back to Europe (molasses!)
Ships that carried slaves
Pass around copies of this diagram... What do you see/notice?
Ships are CROWDED and UNSANITARY.
How much room is there?
Slaves laid on planks 66in X 15in, with 20-25in of headroom.
Men are chained in pairs, women and children are separated
Let's plot that out...
FOOD & WATER
Very little provided
Fed gruel/pulp twice a day, watered down, spoiled
Lay in feces, urine, blood, vomit
Malaria, yellow fever, small pox, dysentery
CRUELTY IS THE NORM
Forced to "Dance" on the deck for exercise
Shackled together- wrists, ankles, neck
People jumped overboard- on purpose- to avoid the abuse
SLAVERY BY THE NUMBERS
9-11 MILLION slaves brought to the Americas between 1500-1810
Over 2 million died
600,000 made it to British colonies
Most traveled during 1700-1800, when BRITISH slave trade was at its height
STUMP THE TEACHER