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The Protestant Reformation and Counter Reformation

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Shannon Haddad

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of The Protestant Reformation and Counter Reformation

Ch. 13,14,15:The Protestant Reformation
and Counter Reformation

Ch. 13 The Protestant Reformation
What if
you
were principal for a day?
Imagine This:
What if MCA decided not to teach religion anymore, how would this change MCA?
16th Century Christianity
The Good
Guardian of souls
The Sacraments
Alms giving
16th Century Christianity
Excessive wealth:
land
Selling
indulgences
Martin Luther & His 95 Theses
Nobody's Perfect
Age of Discovery
"Scripture Alone"
or
"Scripture and Tradition"
In the end, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521
Explore it
: Reformation Scavenger Hunt
Canvas: "
Reformation Scavenger Hunt
"
Open up shared doc, "
Reformation
"
Ch. 15: Morality and Salvation
John Calvin
Awesome beard!
King Henry VIII
He wanted his marriage to Queen Catherine
annulled
b/c his wife didn't have a baby boy!
Pope Clement VII refused so King Henry declared himself the head of the
Church

of

England (Anglican)
St. Thomas More
Friend
of King Henry but refuses to acknowledge him as leader of the Church
King Henry
beheaded
him and set his head on top of the London Bridge
Ch. 14: The Counter Reformation
Visual:
"
Helping Hands
"

What are some things you would change?
Remember this motto?!
Missionaries spread the Gospel to new worlds
Transition between
Middle Ages
and
Early Modern Period
(16th Century)
The bad
rather...
Martin Luther was an Augustinian
Monk
&
Priest

Main question:
How can we be saved?

Luther believed that issues in the Church came from
Church teaching
itself
Rather than
human sinfulness
"Faith Alone"
or
"Faith and Works"
"For we maintain that a person is justified by faith (
alone
) apart from works of the law." Romans 3:28
Universal Priesthood
Luther rejected the hierarchy of Catholic Church
Luther's addition
(Why would this be his main concern?)
Luther's Perspective
Catholic Perspective
Sola Fide = "Faith Alone"
Faith
and
Works
Romans 3: 28
Philippians 2:12
"As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is
dead
." -James 2:26
Luther's Perspective:
Catholic Perspective:
Literally?
sola scriptura
= "Scripture Alone"
Rejected the authority of Magisterium
Led to various interpretations of Scripture
Scripture and Tradition
Magisterium = teaching authority
Magisterium interprets Scripture
What did Calvin believe?
1. Sola Fide
2. Sola Scriptura
3. Double Predestination
How does this activity help us understand Calvin's view of our salvation?
As Catholics, we believe God gives us true
freedom
so that our actions really matter!
Catholic Perspective
God is
always
working for our salvation
Not so awesome theology
He will never force someone to go to Heaven or Hell, but it is something we choose!
A "King Sized" Temper
"Making Amends"
The Church's Response
The
main purposes
of the Counter Reformation:
1. Better formation for Priests
2. Reforming certain religious orders
Time to "clean up"!
3. Renewed call for evangelization
4. Reaffirming core Catholic beliefs
The Council of Trent 1551
Initiated by Pope Paul II - affirmed Catholic teachings against Protestantism:
Salvation is through Grace
and
Works
Both
Scripture
and
Tradition
have equal authority
7
Sacraments
are all valid and true
Full transcript