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The Vikings

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Lorpu Karsor

on 27 March 2011

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Transcript of The Vikings

Who are they?
What did they do? When did this happen? Where did this take place? How did this happen? Why is it significant? How did it effect medieval society? .700 - Viking age begins
.787 - Vikings first raided in england
.793 - Vikings attack monastery at Lindisfarne
.866- Vikings capture york
.878 - Kings Alfred defeats the Vikings
. 900 - Vikings establish rule over the north of Scotland
.1002- King Sweye invades England
.1016 - Knut of Denmark become King of England
. 1066 - William the Conqueror who is decended from Vikings,invades England
.1100 - End of Viking age

Timeline of the Viking Age .One of the most important things in a Viking's life was his ship or the ship he sailed on. The Vikings were extraordinary sailors. They sailed in open boats and in all kinds of weather. They were able to raid and plunder like they did because they were able to sail in and out of almost everywehere.

.The flat bottom boats they used allowed them to land on beach and go on small rivers .

.The Vikings invented the true keel which made sailing much easier. The keel is a part of the boat that goes down into the water. It stops the ship from blown about, and it make steering easier.
Viking Ships

.The Vikings had many skilled craftsmen. They had blacksmiths who made evreything from sword to axes.

.There were craftsmen skilled at mkaing jewelry, combs, and other fine things. The Vikings were very proud of thier hair and beards!
Viking Technology Viking Houses .Most people lived on farms. the Vikings lived in along rectangular houses made with wood, wattle and daud or stone. There were usually one room with the cooking fire in the middle. the smoke escape through a hole in the roof.

.The animals and peopel lived in the same building. The animals live at one end of the house and the people lived at the other end.

The Vikings By: Lorpu K Viking is best known for their sea prowess as both explorers and warriors. They were expert sailors and their ship was built to withstand rough seas. They were excellent navigators, which enabled them to make frequent in-land attacks on other villages. They relied on the sun, stars, seabirds, and wave patterns to find their way over the sea.
They raided England, Scotland, and Wales for many years, murdering the people and stealing gold and jewels. They targeted monasteries because the monks in the monasteries had no weapons, and the churches and monasteries kept valuable treasures, such as gold, jewels, and books. There was food, cattle, clothes, and tools too, that were tempting for the greedy Vikings!
Of course, the Vikings did not always steal to get what they wanted; they were excellent traders and had many resources of their own to trade with, as the north was rich with timber, animal furs, and skins. Yet all their raiding and trading allowed the Vikings to hone their navigation skills and emboldened them to go and seek out new resources of land and treasure.
Most Vikings who sailed overseas were simply searching for better land for their farms. Their land was not very good for farming. Norway was very hilly,Sweden was covered in forests, and Denmark was a sandy homeland.
Even though one very large group was addressed as Vikings, there are actually three kinds of Vikings: they are Norwegian, Swedish and Danish.
The Vikings first invaded Britain in AD 793 and last invaded in 1066 when William the Conqueror became King of England after the Battle of Hastings.
The Vikings explored new lands and formed many colonies in Europe. In the year 870, they discovered Iceland. Then in 985, they sailed to western Greenland, setting up new colonies along the way. The Vikings were the first to discovered North America even before Christopher Columbus.They first landed in Canada around 1101.
During the early period, they were like many other countries, unlearned and barbaric in their actions. However, a lot of this changed with time and as they explored and learned new things through other cultures. However, in many ways they were ahead of the times. They traveled to places that others had never heard about or could never hope to see.
They were also pioneers, merchants who traded all over Europe and near the East, they become settlers, and establishing Norse communities in Ireland, England, Normandy and Iceland.
They brought the seafaring ship to Europe and, by their constant depredations, spread its use far and wide. In only 250 years, they made their mark on the law and language of many countries and made many European communities see themselves in the light of a nation state for the first time.

Religious impact

Vikings had their own religion; they worshiped Thor, Odin, Loki, Aesgard, and Freia. The Vikings despised Christians and helped to ensure that the Roman Catholic form of Christianity did not take a firm hold of Northern Europe. When the Vikings became Christians, they mixed some of their days with ours. We see proof of this mixing with the calendar days: Wednesday “Odin’s day”, Thursday “Thor’s Day”, and Friday “Freia” Day. Technology The longboats and their superior methods of construction led to better ship construction in other lands. These ships, given a large enough size, were the first crafts reliable enough to be able to cross the large expanses of ocean, like the North Atlantic.
Viking weapons were made from higher temperature forges, thus also creating stronger steel; this also lead to a lasting of smithy tradition in the northern countries, which created better arms. Traces of this can be still found in the steel mills of modern Europe, like the Krupp steelworks, which made German weapons during the First and Second World Wars. Language

North German, Batavian (Early Dutch), Danish, Swedish, Finn, Norwegian, and English all have been influenced or can be directly attributed to the language of the Vikings. Beowulf is an example of this language, as it is somewhere between Danish and Ancient Briton/Saxon. Many Danes had settled in Britain, and the Royal houses of both Viking lands and Britain were closely intertwined. The Normans who invaded England in 1066 under William the Conqueror were actually descendents of "Norse" men. The Saxons of Germany and Harald Hrothgar, the defending King of England at Hastings in 1066, were related or descendants of Vikings. Anglo-Saxon were direct descendents of the Vikings. The Vikings did not have any respect for Christian symbols and sites. The first place the Vikings attacked in Britain was the monastery at Lindisfarne, a holy island situated off the Northumberland coast in north-east England. A few years later, the island of Iona (off the west coast of Scotland), came under attack and its monks were slaughtered.
Soon no region of the Britain and nearby islands was safe from the Vikings. They attacked villages and towns in Wales, Scotland, Ireland, and England. No matter how many times the Vikings were beaten, they always came back. Rather than face defeat, Alfred the Great of Wessex paid the Vikings (Dane) to leave his kingdom alone. He bought just five years of peace. When the Vikings took over one third of England, and returned to take Wessex, Alfred fought and defeated the Vikings and their leader, King Guthrum, and asked for peace. The Vikings settled peacefully in an area of Britain which become known as Danelaw

The age of the Vikings was between 700 and 1066. It was during this time that these Northern people had the largest impact on other Europeans, through trade and through their Viking raids. The Vikings were the most feared group. When the Vikings did attack a town or village, they would destroy everything from churches to women, not caring what they did as long as they received wealth.

The Vikings lived over a thousand years ago and came from three countries of: Scandinavia, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The Vikings were good at building ships; their ships were unique because they usually had dragons carved on the front. They were excellent sailors, and they could travel great distances at sea. They were excellent traders, raiders, and settled many lands. They were also farmers; when the farmer died, the farm was passed on to the eldest son of the family.
The Vikings worshipped several gods such as Thor and Odin and believed that if they died in battle, they would go to a place called “Valhalla”.
They earned their name “Vikings” and their bad reputation that went with it, because in Old Norse ( old Germanic language), the word Viking meant “Pirate”, a reference to their raiding and pillaging of settlement across Europe at the turn of the ninth century.
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