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Apush 1920's

Apush 1920's research project
by

Jordan Brinkman

on 3 March 2011

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Transcript of Apush 1920's

1920's: Social Aspects Popular Culture Advertising Changed to persuading the public they needed and deserved to own the product. By developing repeat customers, advertising also helped build brand loyalty for the company. Brand loyalty helps sell other existing and new products to these same customers. Companies could now reach a large mass of people and could reach their product out to lots of people. Acquired a theme of consumerism Impact of Radio Radio provided a cheap and convenient way of conveying information and ideas. The Airplane After the federal government developed the idea of Air-Mail. The idea of using airplanes to transport mail quickly caught on. As Air-Mail became more popular, other industries began turning to the airplane as a for of freighting that was much faster than land based transportation. So the airplane quickly became an integrated part of American business during the 1920s. A few airplane companies begaan to offer flying people from one place to the other, for a price though. Usually it was fairly costly and only upper-class people could afford it. But as flights became more common, prices fell, and it almost reached a point where upper-middle class people could afford flights. Vocab Consumerism: protection of the interests of consumers Prosperity: the condition of prospering; success or wealth Mass Production: to manufacture (goods) to a standardized pattern on a large scale by means of extensive mechanization and division of labours Essential Question: Chapter 1 With the help of mass media and advertising an technological innovation, the 1920’s were a time of easier living for more of the population. Mass advertising made it easier for more people to notice products and here about events and celebrities which made the country a more openly social place. Intolerance And Suspicion Immigration Restriction American industry, steamship companies, and railroads promoted immigration and financed groups opposed to immigration restriction. World War I revealed that the economy could function effectively without foreign immigration; opposition to immigration restriction withered away. Organized labor feared that American workers' wages would decline if unskilled immigrant workers flooded the labor market. Meanwhile, many businessmen feared dangerous foreign radicals. During the 1920s, most ethnic groups agreed that the overall volume of immigration should be reduced. The issue remained: how to distribute the immigration quotas. A compromise was easily reached: make the quotas proportionate to the current population, so that future immigration would not change the balance of ethnic groups. In 1924, Congress reduced the number of immigrants allowed into the United States each year to two percent of each nationality group counted in the 1890 census. It also barred Asians entirely. KKK Throughout this time period, immigration, fear of radicalism, and a revolution in morals and manners fanned anxiety in large parts of the country. the Ku Klux Klan, led by former Confederate General Nathaniel Bedford Forrest, used terrorist tactics to intimidate former slaves. Contributing to the Klan's growth was a post-war depression in agriculture, the migration of African Americans into Northern cities, and a swelling of religious bigotry and nativism in the years after World War Roman Catholics, Jews, African Americans, and foreigners were only the most obvious targets of the Klan's fear-mongering. Bootleggers and divorcees were also targets. Sacco and Vanzetti At 3:00 P.M. on April 15,1920, a paymaster and his guard were carrying a factory payroll of $15,776 through the main street of South Braintree, Massachusetts, a small industrial town south of Boston. Two men standing by a fence suddenly pulled out guns and fired on them. Three weeks later, on the evening of May 5, 1920, two Italians, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, fell into a police trap that had been set for a suspect in the Braintree crime. Although originally not under suspicion, both men were carrying guns at the time of their arrest and when questioned by the authorities they lied The arrest of Sacco and Vanzetti had coincided with the period of the most intense political repression in American history, the "Red Scare" 1919-20. The police trap they had fallen into had been set for a comrade of theirs, suspected primarily because he was a foreign-born radical. While neither Sacco nor Vanzetti had any previous criminal record, they were long recognized by the authorities and their communities as anarchist militants who had been extensively involved in labor strikes, political agitation, and antiwar propaganda and who had had several serious confrontations with the law. Vocab Immigrant: a person who comes to a country in order to settle there Anarchist: general lawlessness and disorder, esp when thought to result from an absence or failure of government Communism: advocacy of a classless society in which private ownership has been abolished and the means of production and subsistence belong to the community Bolshevik: 1917, from Rus. bol'shiy "greater," comp. of adj. bol'shoy "big, great" (cf. Bolshoi Ballet ), from O.C.S. boljiji "larger," from PIE base *bel- "strong" (cf. Skt. balam "strength, force," Gk. beltion "better," Phrygian balaios "big, fast," O.Ir. odbal "strong," Welsh balch "proud;" M.Du., Low Ger., Fris. pal "strong, firm"). It was the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party after a split in 1903 that was either larger or more extreme (or both) than the Mensheviks (from Rus. men'shij "less"); after they seized power in 1917, applied generally to Rus. communists. Bolshevism is recorded from 1917. Evolution: a gradual change in the characteristics of a population of animals or plants over successive generations: accounts for the origin of existing species from ancestors unlike them Quota: 1668, from M.L. quota, from L. quota pars "how large a part," from quota, fem. sing. ofquotus "which, what number (in sequence)." See quote. Earliest ref. is to contributions of soldiers or supplies levied from a town or district; immigration sense is from 1921. Growth of new oppurtunities to cars, appliances, and stylish clothing made the countries cultural conflicts seem less important. Automobile Declining production costs allowed ford to cut automobile prices by six times between 1921 and 1925. This made cars more affordable for the average family. In 1913 henry ford introduced the automated assembly line. Scopes Trial was an American legal case in 1925 in which a high school biology teacher John Scopes was accused of violating the state's Butler Act that made it unlawful to teach evolution. This trial was indicative of the conflict of old vs. new because it showed that new ideas were emerging and that old beliefs contradicted them and dissagreed with them. Red Scare was "a nation-wide anti-radical hysteria provoked by a mounting fear and anxiety that a Bolshevik revolution in America was imminent — a revolution that would change Church, home, marriage, civility, and the American way of Life." Palmer Raids The Palmer Raids were attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. Women Flappers in the 1920s was a term applied to a "new breed" of young Western women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms.
Flappers also began working outside the home and challenging women's traditional societal roles. They advocated voting and women's rights. With time, came the development of dance styles then considered shocking, such as the Charleston, the Shimmy, the Bunny Hug, and the Black Bottom.

Harlem Renaissance African American Contributions The conttibutions of the african americns during the 20's was jazz music. The greatest and most influencial jazz musicians of this time were african americans. They also contributed the Apollo theater which has become a very famous theater for the performing arts. The Harlem Renaissance helped to tear down some racial couscousness due to the popularity of some african american artists and celebrities. It also helped give african americans a greater sense of individualism and racial pride. Industrialization was attracting people to cities from rural areas and gave rise to a new mass culture. Contributing factors leading to the Harlem Renaissance were the Great Migration of African Americans to northern cities, which concentrated ambitious people in places where they could encourage each other, and the First World War, which had created new industrial work opportunities for tens of thousands of people. Factors leading to the decline of this era include the Great Depression.

Vocab Renaissance: a revival or rebirth, esp of culture and learning Jazz: Compare blues bebop bop Dixieland free hard bop harmolodics mainstream modern jazz New Orleans jazz swing See also trad a kind of music of African-American origin, characterized by syncopated rhythms, solo and group improvisation, and a variety of harmonic idioms and instrumental techniques. It exists in a number of styles Sports The 1920's were known as "the golden age of sports" because of the fact that sports, mainly baseball, were starting to get alot of popularity and fan support during this time. They were also getting alot more financial support as well from wealthy fans and businesses as well as greater revenue from their increasing crowd sizes which helped them with publicity as well as other things like new stadiums. Essentail Question: Chapter 4 The Flapper represented the "New Woman" because they began to start acting more independently and more like actual "people". They Started the decline of social barriers against women since they were acting so socialy and freely. The womens movement during the 1920's can be seen as a success because women were starting to get attention in a way that began to get society to stop thinking of women as inferior to men and more as equals. Essential Question: Chapter 5 Chapter 3 Vocab
Speakeasy: a place where alcoholic drink was sold illicitly during Prohibition Bootlegger: to make, carry, or sell (illicit goods, esp alcohol) Essential Question: Chapter 2 The Attitudes toward immigrants, blacks and other minorities reflect the intolerance of the decade because it shows how people, mostly white americans, did not tolerate new immigrants or african americans during the 20's. This can mostly be credited to the slipping economy and the fight for jobs and financial security. The nostalgia and attitudes from the pas conflict with modern ideas of the decade because, during this time people wanted to "expand" either socially or economically, yet a majority of the nation wanted to return to more discriminative days when financial security was also more stable. The negros improved their lives in the 1920s by proving that they had contributional talents and skills that brought some of them to celebrity status which helped to ease some racial tension between them and whites. Mass Media: the means of communication that reach large numbers of people in a short time, such as television, newspapers, magazines, and radio Women Thinking Like A Historian Chapter 1 Much has changed from the 1920’s to today in the sense of popular culture. Today, we now have 3D TVs, surrounds sound speakers, i-pods, computers, the internet, ect. This is much different, technologically speaking, from the 20’s, where the newest technology included radios and new advertising techniques. However the overall theme of popular culture has not changed much from the 20s to the present day. Everyone still wants to have and utilize the latest technology. Everyone also wants to dress the era and be “on the band wagon”. We still have cars as well as airplanes in today’s society. Sports are as popular as ever in today’s modern society. Today we have mainly benefited from innovations to the airplane and automobile, which were around in the 1920’s. society as a whole has benefited from these contributions. Chapter 2 Today we are MUCH more tolerant of racial differences and immigration policies. Blacks and whites now have equal rights and anyone is allowed to legally come into the country. However there is still some prejudice and inappropriate judgment that still goes on such as some racism. We also still have some prejudice against Mexicans because some people will argue that they are taking jobs away from true American citizens. In the end however, many people, including blacks and immigrants, have benefited from the changes that have come forth in American tolerance since the 1920’s. Chapter 3 Today people have the freedom to produce alcohol as they wish, with guidelines and restrictions, apart from the prohibition of the 1920’s. Today we do not have any prohibition. However it is similar today in the sense that we still have regulations on alcohol such as proof amount and drinking laws and punishments. The people who have most likely benefited from this change from a prohibition era to now are the big alcohol companies. Also, society as a whole benefits from the restrictions and laws on alcohol that make it a safer for the general public. Chapter 4
Today women are equals to men in society. This is different from in the 1920’s when they were seen as inferior to men. However, today it can still be said that our society has its own flappers, women who dress and act in ways that grab society’s attention. The people who have benefited from flappers and the women’s movement of the 1920’s are, obviously, women. The flappers started to get society to notice women and to treat more as people than as inferior beings to men. This caused women to become equals to men and is also why this category is different now than it was in the 1920’s
Chapter 5 Today blacks are treated with equal rights as whites, unlike the discrimination of the 1920’s. Also, no group of people is really making a social, race encouraged, movement like the blacks did with the Harlem renaissance Today we still have very famous black artists, in every style of art(music, literature, and art). The people who benefited from the emergence of black independence are the blacks. They now have social equality in today’s society as well as their independence along the lines of a race with their arts and talents.
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