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CIGARETTES VS E-CIGARETTES

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Maura Vinsensa

on 18 January 2015

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Transcript of CIGARETTES VS E-CIGARETTES

CIGARETTES VS E-CIGARETTES
tHE ETHICAL ISSUE
Introduction
Cigarettes
What are they?
Types of
tobacco products

that can be smoked
what do they
contain?
Toxic substances
such as ammonia, arsenic, DDT, carbon monoxide, and cadmium
Nicotine
Tar
1 person dies
every second
Kill
6million
people per year
More than
600,000
non-smokers are exposed to passive smoking
facts about cigarettes
TOPICS
COVERED
E-Cigarettes
in SG
Conclusion
Cigarettes
in SG
Introduction
Our Proposal
e-cigarettes
What are they?
Claimed to be
healthier alternatives
that resemble cigarettes
how do they work?
are they safe?
Do
not
contain harmful substances, except for
nicotine
Nicotine replacement theraphy
However,
NOT approved
by WHO
Cigarettes in SG
E-cigarettes in SG
Our Proposal
Conclusion
Prohibition of cigarettes
advertisement
Control of cigarettes sales
List of prohibited places
to smoke
Ensure the right of
non-smokers
identification of ethic problem
Factual
Issues:
Risk of chronic diseases from smoking
Legal sales for above 18
Restricted area to smoke
Conceptual
Issues:
If smoking cigarettes is bad for health, why is it legal in Singapore?

Ethical
Issues:
Concern for health of smokers
Clean air for non-smokers
actors and actions
producers & distributors
Produce cigarettes and make large amount of cigarettes assessible
smokers
Cause passive smokers to be
harmed indirectly
government
Make policy & regulation for production,
distribution & smoking
assessment of P&D using ethical theories
Assessment on government using ethical theories
assessment on smokers using ethical theories
Ethical impact point
ethical violation - line drawing method
NP
SC1
SC2
P
PP
Cigarettes smoking
Sales of cigarettes
NP
SC2
SC1
P
PP
NP = No regulation on cigarettes smoking

PP = No one is smoking

P = No smoking is allowed on public places

SC1 = There is a regulation on cigarettes smoking
but smokers do not comply with it.

SC2 = There is a regulation on cigarettes smoking
but smokers are not aware with it (for e.g. tourists coming
to the country).

NP = No standard for the production and sales of
cigarettes

PP = No sales of cigarettes

P = People under 18 years old are not allowed to smoke. Advertisements on smoking are banned. High pricing on cigarettes are implemented.

SC1 = Teenagers under 18 years old can smoke.

SC2 = Production of unlicensed cigarettes.

CIGARETTES SMOKING IN SG:
ETHICAL / UNETHICAL?
SALES OF CIGARETTES IN SG:
ETHICAL/ UNETHICAL?
BANNED!
Under Section 16 (1) of the Tobacco (Control of
Advertisements and Sale) Act
No justification on the effects of e-cigarettes

Nicotine liquid
SAFE OR NOT SAFE?
Current status of e-cigarettes in Singapore
should be maintained
until further studies have been conducted.
ethical dilemma
Singapore's government to exercise
paternalism
Singapore proposal
proposed action
There are existing smoking control programmes.
Singapore and beyond
If SG PROPOSAL
works
Ban cigarettes in Singapore??
Implications
Research paper (in 2010):
Phasing-out tobacco: proposal to deny
access to tobacco for those born from 2000
Aims towards future Singapore as a
cigarettes free society
It does
NOT
ban cigarettes
immediately
difficulties to implement the proposal!!
Critical
to prevent the initiation of
smoking among the
young.
Youth smokers aged 18-29 in SG
16.3%
14%
2010
Average
12.3%
2004
How to make the proposal work??
Hence, SG PROPOSAL is
highly
recommended!
Cigarettes are
banned
smuggling
Almost impossible
to create a tobacco-free society
Hence,
a shared policy
by neighbouring countries (e.g. ASEAN) is required!
Unethical due to the
high risk of getting chronic diseases
for both
smokers and non-smokers
Actions
have to be taken by the actors
Banning of e-cigarettes
should
be continued
Rise of
contraband
cigarettes
Loss of
employment
Buy for
others
Buy
overseas
Fairness of
human rights
??
2018
VS
2018
2022
2019
.
.
.
2018
Uncle! one packet of cigarettes please!
Can i see your
IC please?
Ehhhhh! Need IC ah?
For what ah??
First, I need to check your birthday.
Then, if you are allowed to buy,
I need to make sure you still have
your quota for the month
Full transcript