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CIGARETTES VS E-CIGARETTES
Transcript of CIGARETTES VS E-CIGARETTES
tHE ETHICAL ISSUE
What are they?
that can be smoked
what do they
such as ammonia, arsenic, DDT, carbon monoxide, and cadmium
1 person dies
people per year
non-smokers are exposed to passive smoking
facts about cigarettes
What are they?
Claimed to be
that resemble cigarettes
how do they work?
are they safe?
contain harmful substances, except for
Nicotine replacement theraphy
Cigarettes in SG
E-cigarettes in SG
Prohibition of cigarettes
Control of cigarettes sales
List of prohibited places
Ensure the right of
identification of ethic problem
Risk of chronic diseases from smoking
Legal sales for above 18
Restricted area to smoke
If smoking cigarettes is bad for health, why is it legal in Singapore?
Concern for health of smokers
Clean air for non-smokers
actors and actions
producers & distributors
Produce cigarettes and make large amount of cigarettes assessible
Cause passive smokers to be
Make policy & regulation for production,
distribution & smoking
assessment of P&D using ethical theories
Assessment on government using ethical theories
assessment on smokers using ethical theories
Ethical impact point
ethical violation - line drawing method
Sales of cigarettes
NP = No regulation on cigarettes smoking
PP = No one is smoking
P = No smoking is allowed on public places
SC1 = There is a regulation on cigarettes smoking
but smokers do not comply with it.
SC2 = There is a regulation on cigarettes smoking
but smokers are not aware with it (for e.g. tourists coming
to the country).
NP = No standard for the production and sales of
PP = No sales of cigarettes
P = People under 18 years old are not allowed to smoke. Advertisements on smoking are banned. High pricing on cigarettes are implemented.
SC1 = Teenagers under 18 years old can smoke.
SC2 = Production of unlicensed cigarettes.
CIGARETTES SMOKING IN SG:
ETHICAL / UNETHICAL?
SALES OF CIGARETTES IN SG:
Under Section 16 (1) of the Tobacco (Control of
Advertisements and Sale) Act
No justification on the effects of e-cigarettes
SAFE OR NOT SAFE?
Current status of e-cigarettes in Singapore
should be maintained
until further studies have been conducted.
Singapore's government to exercise
There are existing smoking control programmes.
Singapore and beyond
If SG PROPOSAL
Ban cigarettes in Singapore??
Research paper (in 2010):
Phasing-out tobacco: proposal to deny
access to tobacco for those born from 2000
Aims towards future Singapore as a
cigarettes free society
difficulties to implement the proposal!!
to prevent the initiation of
smoking among the
Youth smokers aged 18-29 in SG
How to make the proposal work??
Hence, SG PROPOSAL is
to create a tobacco-free society
a shared policy
by neighbouring countries (e.g. ASEAN) is required!
Unethical due to the
high risk of getting chronic diseases
smokers and non-smokers
have to be taken by the actors
Banning of e-cigarettes
Uncle! one packet of cigarettes please!
Can i see your
Ehhhhh! Need IC ah?
For what ah??
First, I need to check your birthday.
Then, if you are allowed to buy,
I need to make sure you still have
your quota for the month