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Rediscovery Of The Philippines: Saavedra's Expedition
Transcript of Rediscovery Of The Philippines: Saavedra's Expedition
Ferdinand Magellan,a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, waslooking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of Indonesia. On March 16,1521, Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the Philippines.He wasthe first European to reach the islands. Rajah Humabon of Cebu was friendlywith Magellan and embraced Christianity, but their enemy, Lapu-Lapu was not.Humabon wantedMagellan to kill Lapu-Lapu while Magellan wanted to convertLapu-Lapu into Christianity. On April 17, 1521, Magellan sailed to Mactan andensuing battle killedMagellan by the natives lead by Lapu-Lapu. Out of the fiveships and more than 300 men who left on the Magellan expedition in 1519, onlyone ship (the Victoria) and 18 men returned to Seville, Spain on September 6,1522. Nevertheless, the said expedition was considered historic because it markedthe first circumnavigation of the globe and proved that the world was round
The Villalobos Expedition
Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, set sail for the Philippines from Navidad, Mexico on November 1, 1542. He followed theroute taken by Magellan and reached Mindanao on February 2, 1543. He established a colony in Sarangani but couldnot stay long because of insufficient food supply. His fleet left the island and landed on Tidore in the Moluccas, where they were captured by the Portuguese.Villalobos
is remembered for naming our country “Islas Filipinas,” in honor of King Charles’ son, Prince Philip, who later became king of Spain.
The Legazpi Expedition
Since none of the expedition after Magellan from Loaisa to Villalobos had succeededin taking over the Philippines, King Charles Istopped sending colonizers to theIslands. However, when Philip II succeeded his father to the throne in 1556, heinstructed Luis de Velasco, the viceroy of Mexico, to prepare a new expedition tobe headed by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, who would be accompanied by Andres deUrdaneta,a priest who had survived the Loaisa mission.
On February 13, 1565, Legaspi's expedition landed in Cebu island. After a shortstruggle with the natives, he proceeded to Leyte, then to Camiguin and to Bohol. There Legaspi made a blood compact with the chieftain, Datu Sikatuna as a sign of friendship. Legaspi was able to obtain spices and gold in Bohol due to his friendship with Sikatuna. On April 27, 1565, Legaspi returned to Cebu; destroyed the town of Raja Tupas and establish a settlement.
Rediscovery Of The Philippines:
Spain sends other expedition
After the Spain had celebrated Elcano’s return, King Charles I decided that Spain should conquer the Philippines.Five subsequent expeditions were then sent to the Islands. These were led by Garcia Jofre Loaisa (1525), SebastianCabot (1526), Alvaro de Saavedra (1527), Rudy Lopez de Villalobos (1542) and Miguel Lopez de Legazpi (1564).Only the last two actually reached the Philippines; and only Legazpi succeeded in colonizing the Islands
King Chales I
Garcia Jofre Loaisa
Alvaro De Saavedra