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Chapter 10 Muslim Civilizations
Transcript of Chapter 10 Muslim Civilizations
Brigid Sommer The Rise of Islam Key Ideas: Building a Muslim
Empire Muslim Civilization
Golden Age What messages did Muhammad spread
through Islam? Muhammad is the prophet who lived in Mecca How did Muhammad's successors
extend the Muslim rule and spread
the Empire? What achievements did Muslims make
in economics, art, literature, and
architecture? Muslim Civilization The messages that Muhammad spread through Islam is the 5 pillars, Islam is God's final and complete revelation, and that the Quran is the sacred text of Islam. Muhammad heard the voice of Gabriel who helped Muhammad devote his life to God Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina is also known as the Hijra Muhammad worked to unite Arabs under Islam The Quran (Sacred Text) teaches about God's will and provides a guide to life Sufis- Muslims who seek Communication with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals spread Islam by traveling, preaching, and being good examples to others. Umayyad caliphate made spectacular conquests that extenxed Arab rule from Spain and Morocco in the west to the Indus River Valley in the east. "Scientific Prophecies and the Holy Quran." Scientific Prophecies and the Holy Quran. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.free-islamic-course.org/ScientificProphesiesAndTheHolyQuran.html>. Citations! "Islamgreatreligion.wordpress.com."Islamgreatreligion.wordpress.com. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://islamgreatreligion.wordpress.com.visualizetraffic.com/>. "Mohebban-e-Fatemeh." Home -. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://mohebban.burjalsaheb.com/>. Muslims made new Trade advancements which spread products, technologies, knowledge, and culture. Outside of the cities, agriculture flourished across a wide variety of climates and landforms. Arabs have a rich tradition of oral poetry. Domes and arches became symbolic of Muslim architecture. The mathematic textbook was created and new remarkable advances were found in medicine and public health. Key Points: When Muhammad died, Muslims disagreed who should be the leader of the community Sunni felt that any good Muslim could be the leader A group of Sufis, Shiites and Sunni, carried their faith to different villages, where they blended local tradition and Muslim cultural beliefs A group of Sunnis, the Umayyad, ruled the Muslim Empire The Muslim Empire was spread from Spain to the Indus River Valley because of conquering different areas across North Africa Reasons for the Muslim Empires success: bold fighting methods, weakness of the Byzantine and Persian empires As the Muslim empire expanded, the rulers created a orderly system of administration Arabs enforced a special tax on non- Muslims and certain restrictions to people of conquered lands Arabs had to adapt from living in the desert to ruling large cities and huge territories Shiites considered Umayyad caliphs to be illegitimate rulers of the Islamic community Abbasids were the dynasty that ruled Baghdad after the Umayyad caliphs Abbasids tried to create a dynasty that's based on the equality of all Muslims Under the early Abbasids, the empire caliphs reaches it's greatest wealth and power The Abbasids moved the capitol from Damascus to Baghdad al-Mansur, chose Baghdad as the site of his new capital; the caliph's palace was in the center The surviving members of the Umayyad family had fled to Spain and established an independent Muslim state. Seljuk Turks migrated into the Middle East from Central Asia and took control of Baghdad. Khan led the Mongols out of Central Asia and his grandson, Genghis, burned and looted Baghdad Tamerland conquered Muslim as well as non-Muslim lands and he overran southwest Asia before invading Russia and India Key Points: "Public Intelligence Blog." Graphic: Muslim Sunni â Shiâite Distribution (Global) Â. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.phibetaiota.net/2011/04/graphic-global-sunni-shiite-distribution/>. "Islamic History." In Arabia and Middle East. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicweb.com/history/hist_umayyad.htm>. Key Point: Muslim rulers united diverse cultures, including Arab, Persian, Egyptian, African, and European. Merchants were honored in Muslim culture because Muhammad had been a merchant Trade spread products, technologies, knowledge, and culture Exclusive trade and money economy led Muslims to pioneer new business practices Handicraft manufacturing in Muslim cities was typically organized by guilds. Men and Women had different roles in society and in the Islamic Religion Must follow the Sharia which is a boy of law that interprets of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life Muslims learn Arabic so they will have a common language to use for communication Muslims must complete the Five Pillars of Islam Islam affirmed Spiritual Equality for all Muslim people Quiz: Most labor was done by wage workers Agriculture flourished across wide varieties of climates and landforms To farm output, the Abbasids organized massive irrigation projects and drained swamplands Muslim enjoy social mobility which allows them to move up in social classes Muslim art and literature reflected the diverse traditions of various people who lived under Muslim rule Muslims made great advances in philosophy, history, mathematics, and the sciences "National Geographic Museum Celebrates Scientific Achievements of Medieval Muslim Civilization." â National Geographic Society Press Room. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://press.nationalgeographic.com/2012/06/25/national-geographic-museum-celebrates-scientific-achievements-of-medieval-muslim-civilization/>. "Islamic." Islamic. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cyloong.com/Multicultural/Islamic.html>. Name all of the five pillars of Islam?
What is the Quran?
What is the name of the journey from Mecca to Medina?
True or False- Muhammad was born in Medina.
What is the name of the sacred temple?
Who did Muhammad hear and what did they inspire Muhammad to do? Muhammad spread the message of a one sacred God