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Establishment of British Empire in India
Transcript of Establishment of British Empire in India
British Empire in India"
* In 18th Century India became the favourite
destination for several European powers.
* New trade routes had already been discovered
during 15th century.
Formation of the English East India Company
Royal Charter of 1600 AD.
In 1601, company established the first
factory at Surat.
British era can be divided into three parts-
* 1600 AD - 1757 AD East India Company Rule
* 1757 AD - 1857 AD Company Rule (more powers
* 1857 AD - 1947 AD British Rule
Factory in Surat (1601)
What problems did
the EIC face in India?
In 1690,Aurangzeb had permitted East India Company to purchase 3 villages -
Govindpur, Satani and Kalikata.
Other East India Companies
Portuguese came in
Dutch East India Company- Formed in
and set up its first factory at Cochin on Malabar Coast in 1608 and later at some other palces also.
French East India Company - Formed in
and set up its base at Pondicherry. Comapny later opened its factories at Mahe , Yanam and Karaikal etc.
Rivalry among Europeans
Control over sea Routes
* Control over Trade routes was the main cause of rivalries
* Arab traders
* Italian Merchants.
, the English, French and
Dutch became the masters of sea routes.
* 1588, English defeated Spanish Armada.
* 1619, Treaty of Defence between England and Dutch.
* British established their control over Indian
Ocean Trade before the
Massacre of Amboyna
Causes of the Rise of the British
1. Weak Indian Rulers
2. To Protect Themselves
3. Divide and Rule
Vasco Da Gama (1498 AD)
Queen Elizabeth 1
The British Conquest of Bengal
* Victories in south soared their ambitions
* Bengal was one of the richest provinces in the sub continent,
with well developed trade and commerce.
* The EEIC had built a fortified trading fort called Fort William.
The company was granted exemption from the payment of
custom duties in Bengal and also acquired three villages.
The company soon began misusing this power. This led to a
decisive conflict between Nawab of Bengal and EEIC.
Mercantilism is a national policy
aimed at accumulating monetary reserves
through a positive balance of trade esp. of
A policy of extending country's power
and influence over other territories
through military force or other means.
Causes of conflict between Bengal Nawabs and EEIC / Battle of Plassey
2. MISUSE OF TRADE PRIVILEGES
3. CONSPIRACY AGAINST NAWAB
Battle of Pllasey