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Transcript of Asthma Presentation
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that obstructs airflow.
The obstruction is reversible.
It involves difficulty in breathing due to:
Mucus in the airways
Tightening of muscles around the airways.
The cause is unknown.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma
Wheezing, a whistling sound
Shortness of breath
Sneezing & runny nose
Itchy and inflamed eyes
How is Asthma diagnosed?
A healthcare professional makes and asthma diagnosis after:
Taking a complete history
Performing a physical exam
Having the patient perform breathing test
Spirometry test (lung function test)
by Sora and Cassie
Researchers think some genetic and environmental factors interact to cause asthma, most often early in life. theses factors include:
An inherited tendency to develop allergies, called atopy (AT o-pe)
Parents who have asthma
certain respiratory infections during childhood.
Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune system is developing
Treatments for Asthma
Other Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
How to prevent Asthma
You can’t prevent asthma. However, you can take steps to control the disease and prevent its symptoms. For example:
Learn about your asthma and ways to control it.
Follow your written asthma action plan.
Use medicines as your doctor prescribes.
Identify and try to avoid things that make your asthma worse (asthma triggers).
Keep track of your asthma symptoms and level of control.
Get regular checkups for your asthma.
Asthma and Alllergy Foundation of America (www.aafa.org)
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (www.nhlbi.nih.gov)
NHS Choices (www.nhs.uk)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (www.cdc.gov/asthma)
American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (www.accai.org)
Managing Asthma :
Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) meters
* allows patient to assess status of his /her asthma
* persons who use peak flow meters should do so frequently
* many physicians require for all severe patients
*Currently, 26 million Americans have asthma.
*Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood.
Asthma can be a life-threatening disease if not properly managed. In 2011, 3,345 deaths were attributed to asthma.
What happens if asthma is managed poorly?
Poor asthma management can lead to
The lungs become scarred, asthma medicines do not work as well, and less air is able to move through the airways.
Airway remodeling does not have to happen. Stick to an asthma action plan.
Asthma Action Plan
An asthma action plan is a written, individualized worksheet that shows you the steps to take to prevent your asthma from getting worse
What to Do
If your child is having an asthma flare-up, be sure to follow his or her specific asthma treatment guidelines. Many doctors provide a detailed asthma action plan for their patients.
As a CNA, if your patient/resident has an asthma......
What to do
* Quick-relief medicines (rescue medicines)
* Long-term control medicines
Common asthma triggers include respiratory infections, allergens, irritants, exercise, and emotions.
When you come in contact with a trigger it can cause a sudden worsening of symptoms which is often called an asthma attack, episode or flare-up.
What will be the outcome of the disease?
currently affecting an estimated 7.1 million children under 18 years )