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Japan's Education System:
Transcript of Japan's Education System:
Policies for Internationalization
Short Term Programs
“For the purpose of encouraging inter-university exchanges, the internationalization of universities, and the globalization of Japanese society, fostering internationally-minded personnel, expanding international understanding and knowledge, and establishing a cross-border network of personal contacts.” -MEXT Report 2010
Over 100 schools in other countries
Network of language schools within country
Teach language, offer EJU
Provide evaluation letters
Outpost of student services
Global 30 Model
(Global 30, 2012a)
University Mobility in Asia and the Pacific (UMAP)
UMAP Credit Transfer Scheme (UCTS)
2005 Regulation on Academic Degrees
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW)
Private company scholarships
2009 Immigration Control Act
Past 30 Years
Where Are They Going?
Past 30 Years
98.5% are Japanese
Population = 126.5 million
AFP. (2013, Jan 02). Japanese Emperor Akihito and his family receive New Year's greetings from well-wishers at Imperial Palace in Tokyo on Jan 2, 2013. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.stasiareport.com/the-big-story/asia-report/japan/story/japans-emperor-expresses-sympathy-disaster-victims-20130102
Brady, M. (c. 1856-58). Matthew C. Perry [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Commodore_Matthew_Calbraith_Perry.png
Buchholz, H. J. (2013). Scared Japanese girl with camera in a dark forest. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-images-scared-japanese-girl-camera-dark-forest-image12048284
Chan, S. (2012). Shifting patterns of student mobility in Asia. Higher Education Policy, 25, 207-224. doi:10.1057/hep.2012.3
Global 30 (2012a). Study in English at Japanese Universities. [Map]. Retrieved from http://www.uni.international.mext.go.jp/documents/Study_in_English_at_Jp_Univ.pdf
Global 30 (2012b). Study in English at Japanese Universities. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.uni.international.mext.go.jp/documents/Study_in_English_at_Jp_Univ.pdf
Go-Shichi no Kiri. (n.d.) [Graphic logo of Japanese House Crest or government seal]. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Goshichi_no_kiri.svg
Hagerman, C. (2009, Oct 1). English Language Policy and Practice in Japan. Retrieved from http://ir-lib.wilmina.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10775/121/1/2009_04.pdf
Hanai, T. (2012, November 20). Japanese college students raise their fists at a job-hunting rally in Tokyo February 5, 2009. [Photograph] Retrieved from http://blogs.cfr.org/asia/2012/11/20/a-referendum-for-japan/
Japan. (n.d.). Retrieved October 21, 2013 from the Japan Wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan
Japan Study Abroad (n.d.) [Photograph] Retrieved from http://www.greenriver.edu/studyabroad/japan.htm
Japanese foreign affairs minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Japanese Instrument of Surrender on board USS Missouri as General Richard K. Sutherland watches. (1945, September 2). [Photograph]. Retrieved fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surrender_of_Japan
Kashihara, T. (2006, Oct.). Globalization and Linguistic Competencies: Responding to Diversity in Language Environments; English Education and Policy in Japan. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/41521944.pdf
Kyodo. (2013). Wired for sound: Japanese pop artist Kyary Pamyu Pamyu (left) and actress Ayame Goriki pose with new KDDI smartphone models in Tokyo's Shibuya Ward on Monday. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/05/21/business/kddi-readies-four-smartphones-for-summer-campaign/#.Um4U4mTuUs0
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. (n.d.a) [MEXT logo] Retrieved from http://www.mext.go.jp/english/
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, (n.d.b). [Visual graph of Japanese educational structure by level and age]. Education: school systems. Retrieved from http://www.mext.go.jp/english/introduction/1303952.htm
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. (2010). Outline of the Student Exchange System: Study in Japan and Abroad 2010 [English]. Retrieved from http://www.mext.go.jp/component/english/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2011/12/14/1303740_1.pdf
Sakura Gakuen Japanese Language School Facebook page. (n.d.) [Graphic logo] Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/SakuraGakuenJapaneseLanguageSchoolSacramento
South Park Digital Studios LLC. (1998, Dec.). The Underpants Business [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.southparkstudios.com/clips/151040/the-underpants-business
The History Place (1997). The Japanese Empire 1942. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/pacificwar/pacwar.gif
The Meiji Emperor. (2008, April 15). [Photograph] Retrieved from http://socialistworker.co.uk/art/14373/The+Meiji+restoration%3A+the+threat+of+West+drove+Japan%E2%80%99s+revolt#prettyPhoto
Tokugawa Ieyasu. (n.d.). [Photograph] Retrieved from http://japandave.com/2009/11/3-top-military-leaders-in-japanese-history-all-from-the-same-place/
Westlake, A. (2012, April 05). Japanese students not as interested to study abroad as counterparts. Japan Daily Press. Retrieved from http://japandailypress.com/japanese-students-not-as-interested-to-study-abroad-as-counterparts-05405/
sails into Japan
Empire of Japan fought and conquered many Asian territories in an attempt to spread influence and rule the world.
Never ending exams....
Entrance exams at all levels
Juku and Eikaiwa Schools
Can a country that has been
so isolated for so long catch up in the global knowledge economy?
What cultural barriers are going to inhibit Japan in their goals for internationalization?
Step 1: ?
Step 2: English-speaking Japanese
Step 3: ?
Step 4: profit
Teachers and ALTs
The Japanese exchange and teaching program (JET)
Japanese teacher training
70% of students in higher ed
Established in 2009
Goal: 300,000 international students to study in Japan
Number of International Students as of 2011: 21,429
Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU)
JF Nihongo Network (Sakura Network)
Japan Student Services Organization (JASSO)
Short-Term Student Exchange
(Global 30 2012b)
(Japan Study Abroad, n.d.)
Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students
Replaced the General Exam for International Students
Offered twice a year
Exam locations abroad as well as in Japan
Japan Student Services Organization
Provides student support for both incoming and outgoing students
Workshops and fairs detailing programs
Coordinates scholarship program
Follow up counseling
13 Participating Universities
University of Tokyo (Todai)
On The Ground...
Increase competitiveness of Japan’s tertiary education
Internationalized campuses – Global arena
Sharing Japanese language and culture with the rest of the world
7 step action plan
Use technology to overcome fear of speaking English
(Kashihara, T., 2008, Oct.)
Decline of Demand
(Buchholz, H. J., 2013).
(Hagerman, C., 2009)
(South Park Digital Studios LLC., 1998)