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018 - Article One of the United States Constitution.

Legislative Branch
by

Tavish Whiting

on 15 August 2015

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Transcript of 018 - Article One of the United States Constitution.

United States Constitution
Legislative Branch

Section One
VESTING CLAUSE
The Legislature of the US will be known as
CONGRESS
It will be
BICAMERAL
House of Representatives
Senate
Section Two
Structure of the House of Representatives
MEMBERS
Currently has
435
members
Two year terms
Must be 25 yrs old
Must be a US citizen for seven years
Must live in the state they represent
REPRESENTATION
Representation based on population
States are reapportioned every ten years from the Census
VACANCIES
Vacancies filled after special elections are called by the state.
IMPEACHMENT
The House of Representatives will have the sole power of impeachment
Number of Members
LEADERS
Speaker of the House
House will also choose other officers
Section Three
Structure of the Senate
MEMBERS
Currently has
100
members
Six year terms
Must be 30 yrs old
Must be a US citizen for nine years
Must live in the state they represent
REPRESENTATION
Each state has two senators, regardless of population
IMPEACHMENT
The Senate shall hold the trial of impeachment.
If 2/3s vote to convict, the Senate shall issue punishment.
Number of Members
LEADERS
Vice President shall be the
President of the Senate
The VP can only vote if there is a tie
The Senate will choose a President Pro Tempore if the VP is absent
Senate will choose other officers
Section Four
Election Organization for Congress
Elections
Each state will determine the time, place and manner of their elections, unless Congress makes a national law altering the method.
In 1842, Congress passed a law that required each state be divided into equal districts by population for the House of Representatives
That same law required the national elections to be held on the
1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November
.
Section Five
Powers and Responsibilities of Congress
Judge of Elections
Each house will be the judge of the elections of its members
Quorum
A majority of the total number of members for each house must be present for business to take place.
Rules
Each house will make its own rules.
Each house can expel a member with 2/3 vote
Records
Each house will keep a journal of all votes
Meetings
Both houses must meet in the same place
Neither house may recess for more than 3 days without the approval of the other house.
Section Six
Privileges and Restrictions of Members of Congress
Members of Congress are
paid
!
Section Seven
Lawmaking Procedures
Origination Clause
All bills raising money for the government MUST begin in the House of Representatives.
Section Eight
Enumerated Powers
Financial Powers
Make and Collect Taxes
Borrow Money
Regulate Trade (
COMMERCE

CLAUSE
)
Coin (Make) Money
Punishment for counterfeiting
Non-Financial Powers
Rules for Naturalization (rules for citizenship)
Establish Weights & Measures
Post Offices
Copyrights & Patents
Create Lower Courts
Piracy Laws
Declare War
Create Army & Navy
Call up militias
Create rules for military and militias
Power over the District of Columbia
Section Nine
Restrictions of Congress
RESTRICTIONS:
Suspend Habeas Corpus, unless during war or rebellion
No Ex Post Facto Laws
No Bills of Attainder
No Titles of Nobility
No taxes made unless there has been a census
No taxes on trade between states
No preference given to any place within the United States concerning trade
Congress cannot spend money without voting on it first
Section Ten
Restrictions of the States
Members of Congress are immune from arrest during session.
Members of Congress can say anything during their session without fear of suit of slander.
Members of Congress cannot hold a job in another branch of government while in Congress.
To pass through Congress, each bill must be equal
All bill must go to the President. He has 3 options:
SIGN: Becomes Law
VETO: Reject Bill
Bill goes back to the House it started
Requires 2/3 vote of both houses to override veto and become law
POCKET VETO
If after 10 days (excluding Sundays), the President does nothng:
IF Congress is in session = LAW
IF Congress is not in session = DEAD
Necessary & Proper
Clause
Congress can make laws that are necessary and proper for carrying out their enumerated powers.
Gives Congress
Implied Powers
Sometimes called the
Elastic Clause
Located in
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18
RESTRICTIONS:
STATES
Suspend Habeas Corpus
No Ex Post Facto Laws
No Bills of Attainder
No Titles of Nobility
Cannot make money
States cannot have armies or navies
No taxes on imported goods from another country
No state shall enter into a compact with another state without permission from Congress
CONGRESS
Full transcript