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Transcript of Religion
Welcome to Hasna's Religion Dictionary! This dictionary consists of words from religions such as Judaism, Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, Tribal Religions, and words that introduce you to religions. Hopefully this dictionary helps you easily understand what words from different religions mean.
God's covenant with Abraham: Abraham made an agreement with God to obey him, in return he would get many descendants.
Tanak: Hebrew bible.
Shema: A Jewish prayer.
10 Commandments: 10 Commandments given to the Jewish people by God.
Hanukkah, Yom Kippur, Passover: Religious celebrations for Jewish people.
Reform, Orthodox, Conservative Jews: Different sects of Judaism.
Hindu Trinity- Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver) and Shiva (the destroyer).
Paths to salvation: Escaping the cycle of reincarnation.
Atman, Brahman: The supreme spirit and true self.
Moksha, Samsara: Escaping the cycle of reincarnation.
Upanishads, Vedas: Holy books.
The Castes System: Brahmin (priests), Khsatryas (warriors), Vaishyas (merchans), Shudras (servants) and the Untouchables (outcastes).
Hindus try their best to be good people in order to escape the cycle of reincarnation. If they do bad things they believe that they will be incarnated again in a lower caste.
Siddhartha Gautama: Supreme Buddha that taught the middle way.
The Four Sights: Siddhartha saw an old man, a poor man, a sick man and a dead man
Nirvana: Escaping the cycle of reincarnation.
Tripitaka: The three baskets of teaching.
Bodhisattva: Is and enlightened being.
Cultural Misunderstanding: Refers to problems that can happen because of differences between 2 cultures.
Racism: Hatred or intolerance of people because of race.
Racial prejudice: Ignorant judgements made about
someone because of race.
Multiculturalism: Co-existence of people of different cultures.
Table of content
Intro Unit 7-15
Tribal Religions 73-79
By: Hasna Sultan
Unit Slide #
A person's religion or background is never something one should use against them like Hitler did. What Hitler did to the Jews was horrible and we should continue to remember the lives that were lost.
Jesus: The son of God.
Bible: Collections of texts that is a holy book to Christians.
Gospel: Describes the life and death of Jesus.
The Trinity: God exists as a unity of 3; Father, son and holy spirit.
Martin Luther: Believed the forgiveness of sins could not be bought by money.
Baptism: Christian sacrament of admission into the Christian Church.
Much like Hindus, Buddhist believe that in order to gain Nirvana they must escape the cycle of reincarnation by doing good. They also believe, through Siddhartha's teachings that life is full of suffering and the only way to escape that suffering is to escape the cycle of reincarnation.
Mohammed: The final prophet who delivered the message of Allah (God).
Shahadah: Creed that there is no God but Allah and Mohammed is his final messenger.
The 5 Pillar of Islam: Shahaddah, prayer, alms giving, fasting and Hajj.
Mecca, Kabba: Mecca is a city in Saudi Arabia, Kabba is a sacred point in Mecca.
Quran: Holy book for Muslims.
Jihad: Inner struggle to do good.
Ishmael: Abraham's first son.
Jihad is often a misused term. Jihad actually means one's inner struggle to do good. Muslims share similar beliefs with Christians. They both believe that there is one God and if a person does good and avoids sins, Heaven awaits him/her.
Good character is very important in Islam. Being patient kind and just are very important things for muslims.
Nanak and the Gurus: Founder of Sikkhism. Following him are the 10 Gurus (teachers).
Amrit Ceremony: Sikh ceremony of initiation or Baptism.
Khalsa : Fully initiated Sikhs.
The 5 K's: Khanga (comb), Kara (bracelet), Khachera (undergarment), Kirpan (sword) and Kesh (uncut hair).
Khanda: Sikh symbol
Gurdwara: Place of worship.
Guru Granth Sahib: Religious texts, Holy book.
Sikhs do not cut their hair as a sign of respect towards God's creation. This is why Sikhs are often seen wearing turbans. They neatly wrap their hair in a turban to keep it neat, promote equality and preserve their identity. This should be accepted and respected. One should never make fun of someone else's religion and appearance.
Polytheism: Belief in more than one God.
Totem: Spirit being or sacred object.
Shaman/elders: One who has access to the spirit world.
Rituals: Sequence of activities performed.
Magic: Being able to communicate with and control the supernatural.
Rite of passage: Ritual event marking transition from one stage to another.
Animism: Belief that spirits exist in everything.
Taboo: Something looked down upon by society.
Origins of worship: Expression through art
The Star of David
Christians believe that Jesus is their Lord and savior. In order to go to heaven Christians must do good and obey the commands given by God.
We should respect and tolerate eachother just like this religion teaches us to.
4 Passing Sights
Noble 8 fold path
Ka'aba in MEcca
Discrimination: Denying a person of rights because of class, race or gender.
Prejudice: Opinion or idea made without knowledge.
Tolerance: To put up with someone.
The Golden Rule: Treat others how you would like to be treated.
Brother bear: 2003 animated film about an inuit boy.
Be Kind to each other
Don't be the mean ducklings
Despite the many differences we may have living as a multicultural community, it is important that we learn to respect each other and treat others the way we want to be treated.
Bar or Bat Mitzvah: Male or female coming of age rituals.
Western wall: Supporting wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
Menorah: Seven-branch lamp stand.
Star of David: Symbol of Jewish identity.
Holocaust: Genocide in which many Jews lost their lives.
Antisemitism: Hatred towards Jewish people
Judaism is also one of the oldest religions in the world
Avatar, Dharma: Central importance, incarnation.
Ahimsa: To hurt another is to hurt oneself
Hinduism is the oldest religions in the world and should be respected just like all the other religions.
Confirmation: One of the seven sacraments, in which they are sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.
The Eucharist: A religious ceremony in which a piece of bread and wine symbolizing Jesus is swallowed.
Christmas, Easter, Ascension, Pentecost: Christian celebrations.
4 Noble truths: Basic orientation of life and how to escape this mundane life.
The Noble 8 fold path: One of the principle teachings of the Buddha.
The Middle way: The path that leads to liberation; escaping the cycle of reincarnation.
Three universal truths: 1) Impermanence 2) Not-self 3) Suffering
Mosque: Place of worship for Muslims.
Imam: Person who leads prayer.
Caliphs: Leader of Muslim community.
Hadith: Prophetic traditions.
Wudu: Islamic procedure for cleanliness.
Shiites: Sect in Islam
Sunni: Majority sect.
The 5 K's
It is very important to respect each other's beliefs. No matter how different it may be than yours, respect is very important.