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Brown V. Board of Education

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Kaitlin Elmore

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of Brown V. Board of Education

Brown V. Board of Education
Brown V. Board of Education
Brown V. Board of Education
of Topeka, Kansas
1896 Landmark Supreme Court case
Establishes "separate but equal" doctrine in the United States
This provides a legal justification for segregation in the United States

Plessy V. Ferguson
The State of Louisiana enacted a law that required separate railroad cars for blacks and whites. In 1892, Homer Plessy, a man who was seven-eighths Caucasian, took a seat in the "whites only" section and when he was asked to move, he refused, and was arrested.
The Supreme Court of the United States deemed the law that was enacted and the actions taken by the state as constitutional in a 7-1 vote.
Belton V. Gebhart
The term "Brown V. Board of Education" is a blanket name for five different court cases, all challenging the notion of "separate but equal". These five cases were presented together to the Supreme Court as "Brown V. Board of Education" in 1954.
Davis V. Prince Edward County School Board
Tackled the difference in "black" schools and "white" schools
Dealt mainly with Robert B. Moton High School in Virginia
Meant to hold 180 students but was holding 450 students by 1951
Four years earlier, the school was deemed unfit for students
Bolling V. Sharpe
1954 Landmark case
Washington D.C.
Case began in 1949
Parents tried to enroll their children in a new school being built, John Philip Sousa Junior High School
Students were turned away based on their race, despite open spaces in the school
Briggs V. Elliott
First case of the five cases dealing with school segregation
1952 case
Challenged segregation in Summerton, South Carolina
Started as a request for bus transportation for African American students
Defendants admitted that the supplies for colored students was sub par in comparison to supplies for white students
1951 case
Claymont had a very big, local school, but African American students were not allowed to attend
These students were bused twenty miles, round trip each day to school
Quality of education, teacher pay, and class size were of the worst conditions
Bulah v. Gebhart
Hockinson, Delaware
Companion to Belton V. Gebhart
Though in a predominantly white neighborhood, where buses ran to pick up kids, black children were forced to go to a one-room school two miles away
This school was very underfunded and wasn't safe for students
The two schools differed a lot, in terms of standards
1954 Landmark Case
Struck down Plessy V. Ferguson, "separate but equal" doctrine, and segregation in schools

Facts of the Case
Facts of the Case
Black children were denied admission to public schools attended by white children under laws requiring or permitting segregation according to the races. The "black" schools and the "white" schools were unequal, in terms of building conditions, teacher salary, classroom size, and quality of materials. This case was tied together with four other cases dealing with school segregation.
Segregation was declared unconstitutional in a 9-0 vote, in favor of Brown.
Aftermath of Brown V. Board of Education
The effects of Brown V. Board of Education did not take affect immediately
Full transcript