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Introduction to Short Stories
Transcript of Introduction to Short Stories
A short story is a piece of
narrative prose fiction that
is shorter than a novel. It is
usually less than 7500 words.
Narrator- a person who narrates,
or tells, a story.
We are going to learn some pretty advanced literary devices through the lens of Disney!
And your mother said you wouldn't learn anything by watching every Disney movie that ever came out at least 100 times each...
Point of view- the vantage point from
which a story is told
2 Basic Types:
1. First Person-the narrator is
a part of the story (Look for I)
2. Third Person-the narrator is
not part of the story (Look for he, she, it, etc.)
Setting- the time and place of action in a
literary work. Time can include not only the
historical period-past, present, future-but
also a specific year, season, or time of day.
Protagonist-the main character in a literary work
Antagonist-a character or force in conflict with the main character
Characterization-the ways an author reveals the personality of a character
Dialogue-conversation between characters. It is used to reveal character and to advance action.
Flashback-a scene in a piece of literature that interrupts the action to show an event that happened at an earlier time.
Conflict-a struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a work of literature
Foreshadowing-the use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest what action is to come
Theme-the main idea or the basic
meaning of a literary work
Symbol-any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself and that also stands for something larger than itself such as a quality, an attitude, a belief, or a value.
Simile- a comparison of two things using
the words like or as
Metaphor-a figure of speech that compares two things by stating that one thing is the other. Metaphors do not use the words like or as.
Imagery-the descriptive or figuritive language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader. These pictures are created by details of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch.
Personification-a type of figurative language where a non-human subject is given human characteristics
Allusion-a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, the Bible, movie, mythology, or work of art.
Hyperbole-a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
Plot- the sequence of events or happenings
in a literary work
Freytag's Pyramid-used to
map out the plot of a piece