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Transcript of Middle-Eastern Empires
EMPIRES It was home to MANY city-states & kingdoms MIDDLE EAST
AT A GLANCE... Why Did People Fear the Assyrians? THE ASSYRIANS THE CHALDEANS THE PERSIANS 100s of years they made war
against each other FINALLY---one group called the Assyrians controlled most of the area Assyrians controlled so much land they became an empire Chaldean
Persian FUN THINGS TO LEARN ASSYRIAN ARMY AND GOVERNMENT COMPARE HOW THE EMPIRES TREATED CONQUERED PEOPLE COMPARE THE SIZE OF THE EMPIRES HOW DID THE PERSIANS UNIFY
THEIR GOVERNMENT? RELIGION KNOWN AS ZOROASTRIANISM 800 B.C.
expands in Mesopotamia 650 B.C.
King Assurbanipal builds Nineveh 612 B.C.
Nineveh, capital of
Assyria, is destroyed 586 B.C.
Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Chaldeans, captures Jerusalem 570 B.C.
Zoroaster preaches a
new religion in Persia 562 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar dies 538 B.C.
the chaldeans 530-330 B.C.
Persian Empire dominates Middle East Had iron weapons Learned how to smelt
from the Hittites Artisan heats iron til it is red hot Artisan hammered out the iron to remove unwanted materials Artisan cools the iron quick Army split in 3 groups
-archers THE ASSYRIANS THE ASSYRIANS What Did the Assyrians Do When They Won? How Did the Assyrian Army Attack? THE ASSYRIANS Where Was the Assyrian Capital? THE ASSYRIANS How did King Assurbanipal Help Historians? THE ASSYRIANS How Did the King Govern the Empire? THE ASSYRIANS Why did the Assyrian Empire Fall? THE CHALDEANS What Made Babylon Beautiful? THE CHALDEANS What Were the Hanging Gardens? THE CHALDEANS How Did Priests Use the
Ziggurat of Babylon? Who Did King
Nebuchadnezzar Defeat? THE CHALDEANS Why Did the Chaldean Empire Fall? THE PERSIANS How Did Coins Help Traders? THE PERSIANS How Did the Persians Treat Others? THE PERSIANS What Was Life Like for the Persians? How Did the Persians Keep Their Empire Together? THE PERSIANS Who Was Zoroaster? Iron Weapons Soldiers would march shoulder to shoulder Next cavalry and charioteers attacked Walls did not stop them! Burned or cut off heads of the enemy Others they made into slaves Looted city Burned city to the ground Ninevah-showplace Feared by all Some paid tribute rather than fight Assyrian kings were very rich Library-ancient writings 1852 22,000 clay tablets were found Tablets contained-dictionaries, lists of kings and important events, songs and stories about the past Assyrian king divided it into provinces King chose a governor for each province Governor collected taxes and enforced laws To keep control a road system was built It became too large to govern Chaldeans and Medes made an alliance to fight against the Assyrian's 612 BC city of Ninevah was destroyed One of the greatest Chaldean kings VOCABULARY WORDS Archer
Province Expanded Empire Defeated Egypt Defeated Jews in 586 B.C. and took 15,000 of them as slaves to Babylon Most beautiful city in the ancient Middle East Wall around city-300 feet high and 80 feet wide 250 towers Bronze gates Broad street ran down the center One end-gate of bricks coated with blue glaze Other gate-
animal sculptures and carvings Red brick sidewalks down both sides Gardens at the palace Built for a queen Terraced, or stepped Rose upward like a mountain Well H2O pumped up to the terraces Highest building in Babylon 300-foot-high Chaldean priests studied the night sky Early astronomers 12 Constellations that became the Zodiac Believed that the stars predicted the future Broke time into 7-day weeks Figured out the length of the year When Nebuchadnezzer ruled, city was a great trading and learning center King died in 562 B.C., war broke out The Chaldeans and the people they had conquered, did not like the new kings The Book of Daniel in the Hebrew Bible... Built a GREAT system of roads-one road 1,600 miles Took merchants 3 months to go from one end to another Messages for the king-one week--HOW??? Same weights and measures Persians got the idea of using metal coins from the Lydians No more bartering What would the problem of bartering be? Fair They did not--- Destroy conquered cities
Force their language & religion
Force them to follow their laws Everyone DID have to pay taxes, but it was small How would we know? ART Rich rode horses Slaves carried others on litters
bow and arrow
speak the truth
lived apart from men
good mothers MEN WOMEN Soldiers, farmers, or shepherds Why were they not merchants? Religious leader who preached
there were two forces in the world Goodness and light Evil and Dark Strong influence on other religions Believed in life after death
& a final reward or punishment VOCABULARY Barter
Preach REVIEW TEST TUESDAY