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Cell Analogy Project

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Jared P.

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Cell Analogy Project

Cell Analogy Project: Plant Cell to a City
The nucleus is an organelle that contains genetic information that is passed on from cell to cell and later on, generation to generation.
The nucleus is like a city hall because the city hall is the head of the whole city and its' government, and the tradition is carried on in the future by the new generations of the government.
The nucleolus is the region in the nucleus that produces subunits of ribosomes. A nucleolus is similar to a certain department of a government because they could demand for an order from a factory, so they could activate the factory workers to fulfill their order.


The chloroplast is an organelle only found in plant cells that produces sugars and carries out photosynthesis. A chloroplast is similar to a power plant because using the dam of the river, it provides electricity for the city and is always working, just like photosynthesis.

Nuclear Membrane
The nuclear membrane is a double membrane that encloses the nucleus with nuclear pores. A nuclear membrane is the outside of the city hall because they protect the inside of the building from the outside, with doors, windows, walls, gates, etc.
The mitochondria is an organelle that carries out cell respiration. A mitochondria is like a store because it has products that they sell to customers and then they receive money for giving them the products.
Golgi apparatus
The Golgi apparatus is an organelle that packages and secretes proteins. A Golgi apparatus is similar to the packaging department of a factory because they package their products and then ship it off to a place where they need their products.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
The rough endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that is studded with ribosomes whose function is to build protein molecules. A rough endoplasmic reticulum is similar to a human manufacturer because the factory workers put together and assemble the products the factory needs to make.
Nuclear Pores
The nuclear pores are protein lined channels that maintain the traveling of molecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. A nuclear pore is like a security guard because they make sure that people enter and exit safely from the city hall.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is an organelle that lacks ribosomes but builds lipid and carbohydrate molecules. A smooth endoplasmic reticulum is similar to a non human manufacturer because there are no factory workers in these facilities but instead they use machines to build the products.

Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is the outer surface of a cell that surrounds the cytoplasm, and regulates the entrance and exit of molecules. A cell membrane is similar to toll booths because they maintain and make sure the people that come in and out of the city pay their toll.

The cilia is a whip like tail on cells that moves more stiffly that provides locomotion for the cell. A cilia is like a car because it has more limits on where it can travel and provides transportation for people in the city to be able to leave the area.
The flagella is a whip like tail on cells that moves more undulated and freely that provide locomotion for the cell. A flagella is like a boat because it can freely move in a body of water and provide transportation for the people so they can travel outside of the city.

Cell Wall
The cell wall is the outer surface of a
plant cell that shapes, supports, and protects it. A cell wall is similar to a river or road boundary line to a city because they shape the outside and they protect the city from outsiders. It also supports the city because some of the people using these transportation ways to bring in products that makes money for the city.
The vacuole is a large, fluid filled sac that stores metabolites and helps maintain the pressure on the cell walls. It also stores substances such as water, and waste products. A vacuole is like the river (a part of the cell wall) because it stores water and waste, and acts as a form of pressure for the boundaries of the city.
The ribosome is a particle that carries out the building of proteins. A ribosome is similar to a factory worker because they help build and assemble what the factories produce.
The cytoskeleton is a group of
protein fibers that maintain the shape of the cell and helps all of the organelles and their movement. A cytoskeleton is like a group of roads because the roads help the movement of cars between buildings and keep the shape of the building by keeping the buildings on the sidewalks.
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