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Frankfurt 11:08 10092012 FINAL

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Rodrigo Nuñez

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Frankfurt 11:08 10092012 FINAL

CALL TO ACTION Background UN Statistical Coordination A clearing house reduces risks by offsetting discrepancies between counterparties, by monitoring the data of the clearing process, providing the tool to cover the data from different governing structures; for this Complex Process a proper software has to be used.

This process of transferring and clearing data is called novation*. The clearing house needs to be properly managed in order to ensure its operability by the UN Department designated by ECOSOC in consultation with OIOS.

*Origin: early 16th century: from late latin novatio(n-), from the verb innovare “make new” July 27th - UNCTAD

Disagrees with the scope of the FOC work, to avoid “The temptation of the FOC on the identification of coordination options depriving UN entities to better service countries and users by the UN statistical system”.

“Coordination of statistical activities in the UN should be seen as a contributing tool according to the mandate that member states have entrusted to them. It is important to formulate options that take in consideration the lack of coherence between the UN entities mandates that are the source of failures in the functioning of the global statistical UN system”.

“Defining options on the basis of workable coordination remedies”, this seems to be the great challenge of the FOC group. July 24th - Italy

Agrees with Palestine on priority issues of coordination of data collection of Data Dissemination; Development of infrastructure; international standards and manuals. Input received from some FOC Group members in order of appearance:

July 24th - Palestine

Gives a step forward and proposes developing a unified framework program, conceptual and Q&A UN regional entities take responsibility of collecting data from the National Statistical institutions; establishing a unified data base for the UN entities for data collection and dissemination; promoting National Statistical Systems and put in practice the mandate of the Commission to implement the coordination for all UN entities with binding effects.   In a complex-viable system the intervention of the coordinator should be required to maintain the cohesion of the Integral System.

In this sense it is worth considering the UNSC as the core of the Statistical System of the 193 member countries of the UN.

At the same time it is necessary to consider the requirements and requests of the statistical offices of UN. The question is how to do it?. The arrangement agreed with the Subsystems and operated under rules negotiated by the country members and the UN entities that integrate the International Statistical System. In the LSNIEG design, the system is defined as a set of units organized by subsystems, coordinated by INEGI and articulated by the National Information Network for the purpose of producing, guarding and disseminating Information of National Interest. The UNSC in the report of the 43rd Session (28 February-2 March 2012) E/2012/24 and E/CN.3/2012/34 in 43/112 confirms the agreement to form such working group. As we know, CCSA has its origins in 1966 and updates its duties in 2002 to fulfill the mandate of coordinating the Statistical Activities that take place under 6 action lines from which the first refers to the contribution in the coordination of statistical activities of international organizations.

At the same time, lets remember that UNSC must assist ECOSOC in the coordination of statistical work of the specialized agencies. Document CES/2004/32 of May 6th, 2004 made by the National Institute of Statistics of Portugal is worth to analyze possible answers for the coordination subject. Among other recommendations:

Enhance coordination with partners.
Strengthen internal coordination and communication.
Eliminate silos structure by promoting coordination and a better integration between divisions.
There is a perception that the Divisions rather than contributing compete with each other.
Implement an organizational agreement. We find ourselves in front of a complex system and a labyrinth of UN documents that requires a viable model for its coordination. A statistics clearing house will provide clearing and settlement services for the data incorporated in the HDR. These data flow may be executed between member countries and UN entities providing the requirements for METADATA AND SEMANTICS. A clearing house stands between two clearing statistics generators and its purpose is to reduce the risk of statistical discrepancies in the country data released by UN entities.
UNdata Website as a Clearing House Lack of common knowledge and shared understanding.
Coping with the unexpected when the HDR is published and have unsavory connotations from the NSO´s perspective that thwart their country information.
High variety of information not coordinated. Non coordination between the NSO´s and the UN entities generating statistics of country members.
Double statistics booking.
Broken communication channels of statistical data between the NSO´s and the UN entities. WHAT WE WANT TO AVOID? The goal is that the Statistical System of the UN implements a practical and efficient process coordinated by the UNSC that integrates all NSO’s with the Regional Commissions, Programs and Specialized Agencies to exchange and validated the statistics that are generated and disseminated. From the analysis of the mandates in statistical issues of the UN entities (ESWA, ILO, UNCTAD and UNICEF), everybody agrees with the following: One way we can explore this methodology at the FOC is thinking of it as an Integral System of International Statistical Information containing Viable Subsystems that generate information and share it in a process of amplification of the opportunities and mitigation of the difficulties. A UNECE paper begins by stating "The Governance of the International Statistical System is VERY COMPLEX”.
The challenge is to convert a Complex System in a Viable System in terms of Stafford Beer, British theorist and specialized in organizational cybernetics. GETTING CLOSER...  
The difficulty to coordinate and govern the statistical system of a country is very similar to the complexity of International Statistics.
With a constitutional amendment in April 2006 made by the Mexican Congress, the National System of Statistical and Geographical Information (SNIEG) was created, coordinated and regulated by an autonomous organism: The National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).
This constitutional reform led to the LSNIEG which was published in April 2008 and entered into force with the kickoff of the Governing Board in October of that year. THE HISTORY OF THE MEXICAN STATISTICAL SYSTEM:
A RECENT MODEL Given this increasing complexity, the 43rd Session of UNSC E/CN.3/2012/15 based on the OIOS audit that matches the concerns of member countries regarding the statistical content of 2010 Human Development Report made by UNDP, agreed to form a group called "Friends Of the Chair" to propose alternatives to this challenge. The report E/CN.372011/14 has the following remarks:

Full consultation between countries and international agencies is lacking.
Lack of consultations with the Statistical Commission.
Request to the Human Development Report Office to take note of the transparent procedures of the Statistical Commission in developing new statistical methodology on indexes that have an impact in country members. A viable system that is able to maintain a separate existence to disentangling the lack of coordination between the NSO´s and the UN entities producing statistics of member countries.
A VIABLE SYSTEM MODEL for statistics coordination (based on Stafford Beer)
On February 2012 the UNSC approved the terms of reference for the group “Friends Of the Chair” in order to improve the coordination of the statistical activities inside the UN E/CN.3/2012/15. “Harmonize the information, strengthen statistical capacity in member states, statistics are based on existing national and international data sources, assisting member states and support countries in their effects to produce national statistics”. Thank you! Last july INEGI's President, Eduardo Sojo was informed by the UNSC that the FOC was formalized and confirmed his appointment to lead this working group:

12 Member Countries:

Chair of the UNSC, Australia, Brazil, Hungary, India, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Niger, Palestine, Philippines, South Africa, USA.

4 UN Agencies:

UNCTAD, ESCWA, ILO and UNICEF Our next step was to share with the FOC members the terms of reference E/CN.3/2012/15 for their consideration of the issues and feedback for deliberation. August 27th - Brazil

Their opinion is in line with several documents of the CCSA and the UNSC adding legal, privacy and ethics issues involved in the decision to intensify the use or administrative records in statistics production.

It's very important to receive the contributions of all the members of the FOC in order to have a wider vision to formulate alternatives as a result deliberations for the advanced report that has to be presented to the UNSC next February. Complexities To The Data Challenge
for NSO’s and UN Stats Multiple Source Systems.
Missing, inaccurate data and metadata.
Differences between the data produced by NSO’s and UN Stats and the data published by government agencies.
Acronyms not explained, no standard definitions.
Inconsistencies in the raw/source data.
Inconsistent time series, indicator or raw data.
Inability to Perform Comparisons. WHAT WE WANT TO ACHIEVE? Update Date
Name of agency responsible for the indicador
Importance and usefulness of indicador
International reference
Remarks Name of the indicador
Meaning of acronyms
Source of primary data
Geographic coverage
Frequency Metadata and Semantic Reconciliation Requirements We cannot eat the whole elephant in a bite. “Common knowledge and shared understanding is of fundamental importance for coordinated activities in human societies.” Vincent Ostrom During 2011 three reports were presented to the Statistical Commission on HDR related issues. OIOS published its report E/CN.3/2012/15 where makes the following recommendations on 11. “Re-examine the channels of communication between the Division and the statistics units of its United Nations systems partners, including the regional commissions, and develop an action plan in order to achieve better coordination of activity and better use of resources” While stepping out from the labyrinth full of documents that talk about mandates, proposals, diagnoses and audits, we find our friends of CCSA and see the risk to be in a Babel Tower where communication is very complex. But the story does not end here, on September 14th, 2005, CCSA endorses and adopts the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics that in its principle 9 stands: “Coordination of International Statistical Programs is essential to strengthen the QUALITY, coherence and governance of International statistics, and avoiding duplication of work”. This was highlighted in E/CN.3/2006/30 (7-10 March 2006) on matter 2 (I. Introduction) with a precise language in the report of the Secretary General. The commitment is redundant in E/CN.3/2006/13 and so is the paper of the World Bank “Coordination of Statistical Capacity Building Programs at the Sub regional Level (#4-4.1) We have to cut little pieces.
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