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Ecozone Travel and Tourism Project- Pacific Maritime
Transcript of Ecozone Travel and Tourism Project- Pacific Maritime
people live in Vancouver, more than 2/3 of the population! Population Density: 1542.92 Population of Pacific Maritime
3,027,206 Total Population of Canada:
34,777,550 Victoria Prince Rupert Vancouver Population and Major Cities Climate The Following graph shows the average precipitation and temperature of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Typical of what most major cities would be like in the Pacific Maritime. You may notice Prince Rupert has very mild weather and high amounts of precipitation. There are many reasons for this but the main one is the moderating affects the ocean provides for most cities and the large amount of precipitation. Some places, however, that are closer inland can have less precipitation because of the mountain ranges. A rainbow appears in Vancouver, British Columbia after a rainstorm. This is a glimmer of hope for locals as it indicates better weather for days to come, as it gets an average 1201 mm of rain a year! Soils Vegetation, and Wildlife Mammals Birds Fish Some vegetation commonly found in the Pacific Maritime is: Coniferous trees mainly; The following plants can be found in the Pacific Maritime: With some of the largest trees in the world there must be some great soil behind it all. Unlike the soil of its neighboring territories the Pacific Maritime along with the rest of British Columbia and Yukon has a very complex soil due to mountain ranges. The soil in the Pacific Maritime's lush vegetation provides large amount of humus but the high amount of rainfall leaches the soil deep into the soil Soils Wildlife Douglas Fir Western Red Cedar, Western Hemlock Sitka Spruce. Vegetation The Pacific Maritime houses some of the largest amounts of coastal rainforest in the world with forests covering 45% of the ecozone. The reason for this is because the Pacific Ocean provides some of the mildest weather in Canada. The Pacific Maritime also houses some of the biggest trees in the world, with a Douglas fir measuring 14 meters wide and 80 meters high! Salal Oregon Grape The Oregon grape is found commonly along the west coast of British Columbia and United States. It is not actually a true grape but is called Oregon grape because of the black purple berries that sprout off it that bear a resemblance to grapes. It the state flower of Oregon. The Salal plant is native to western North America and is commonly found in the Pacific Maritime. It has thick leathery egg shaped leaves with a dark green surface. It can produce berries which are often combined with Oregon grape berries. Arbutus Some Arbutus flowers are shown above The Arbutus plant can be found in warm regions of the Mediterranean, Western Europe, and North America. They are small trees or shrubs that can produce edible berries. It is Canada's only native broadleaved evergreen tree. Sword Fern The map bellow shows were Sword Fern can be found in Canada. The Sword Fern can be found all along the Pacific coast. It has dark green fronds that can grow up to six feet tall. It is favorably found in wet coniferous forests at lower elevations. Salmonberry The Salmonberry plant can be found along the west coast of North America. They are mostly found in moist forests especially in coastal forests. It produces Salmonberries that are edible and share the same structure of raspberries. A fully matured Salmonberry. Western Bleeding Heart The Western Bleeding Heart is commonly found in moist woodland ranging from California to British Columbia. It has divided fern like leaves that are growing from the base of the plant. It has heart shaped flowers that appear to be “moaning” or “bleeding” hence the name Western Bleeding Heart. Amphibians and Reptiles The Pacific Maritime is home to some amazing species of Mammals. They following can be found in the Pacific Maritime. Black-Tailed Deer The Black-tailed deer is a species of mule deer that can be found in western North America in temperate rainforests. They feed on douglas fir, western red cedar, red huckleberry, salal, deer fern, and lichens that grow on trees during the winter and early spring and late spring to fall. They munch on grasses, blackberries, fireweed, pearly everlasting, forbs, salmonberry, salal, and Maple. Their mating season occurs during November and early December. Mountain goat The mountain goat is part of the family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae. They can be found at higher elevations. Both males and females have long black horns that are 15-28 cm in length, beard, and a short tail. Their thick wool coats help them withstand the extremely cold temperatures. They are herbivores and can be found grazing, eating things like grasses, shrubs, moss, herbs ect. The following map shows were the mountain goat can be found. North American Black Bear The North American black bear can be found throughout Canada and Untied states of America. It is a medium sized bear but the smallest found in North America. Their diet greatly depends on location they are omnivores however. They live mainly in forested areas but are sometimes attracted to human settlements for food. The following map shows were the North American Black Bear is found. Wolverine The Wolverine is part of the family Mustelidae (weasels) and is found throughout Canada and Russia. It is known for its ferocity for its size and can be known to kill prey many times its size. They mainly hunt small to large sized mammals and have been recorded to kill adult dear. They have been experiencing a steady decline since the 19 century. The following map shows were the Wolverine can be found in Canada. Whales. Grey Whale Killer Whale (Orca) Blue Whale Sperm Whale Northern Pygmy-Owl The following are species of birds found in the Pacific Maritime. The Northern Pygmy-Owl can found throughout North and South America in temperate, subtropical and tropical moist forest, and wetlands. It is about 15–17 cm in overall length (adults).They eat small mammals, birds, and insects. The following map below shows were the Northern Pygmy-Owl can be found in Canada. Black Oystercatcher The Black Oystercatcher is part of the Oystercatcher family and is found on the shoreline of North America. It is entirely black and has a bright orange beak that is 9 cm long. Mountain Quail The mountain quail is a small ground-dwelling bird that inhabits mountains west of the Rocky Mountains. Its average length is 26-28 cm and has a wingspan of 35-40 cm. It eats mainly plant matter and seed. Tufted Puffin The Tufted Puffin is a medium sized bird in the auk (Alcidae) family found along the Northern Pacific Ocean. It is around 25 cm in length and weights about 3 quarters of a kilogram. Its main diet is fish but can feed on other invertebrates and squid. Some amphibians and reptiles found in the Pacific Maritime include: Frogs and Toads Snakes and Lizards Salamanders and Newts Pacific Treefrog Western Toad Tailed Frog Long-toed Salamander Rough-skinned Newt Pacific Giant Salamander Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Northern alligator lizard Sharp-tailed Snake The following fish are found in the Pacific Maritime: Pacific Herring Pacific Halibut Steelhead (Rainbow Trout) Cutthroat trout Landforms. The Pacific Maritime is one of the smaller ecozones in Canada yet it houses a great variety of landforms. Some of the distinct landforms found in the Pacific Maritime are mountains, coastal plains, glacial valleys, rivers, and fjords. Also most of the landforms in the Pacific Maritime include lush forests. The picture below shows some of the landscape of the Pacific Maritime. I would describe it as lush green forests with snowy mountain ranges covering large parts of the landscape. The picture below shows the west coast on Vancouver Island. The rocky coastline provides some of the most beautiful scenery in Canada. The following picture shows Salmon Glacier, near Stewart, British Columbia. The following picture shows some a lush forest on Vancouver Island. Historical and Geographical Facts The total area of the Pacific Maritime is 196,200 square kilometers. It is the third smallest ecozone in Canada behind the Atlantic Maritime and the Mixedwood plains ecozone. Forestry in one of the biggest industries in the Pacific Maritime. This has created a great strain on the environment and there is a declining number of rainforest. One of the biggest controversial topics in the Pacific Maritime is the fishing industry. Overfishing has caused the salmon stocks to get dangerously low. In 1967 overfishing caused the collapse of the herring stocks. However government restrictions allowed the stocks to rebuild. Sources:http://www.pc.gc.ca/apprendre-learn/prof/itm2-crp-trc/htm/ecozone_e.asp#no12
All pictures were found on Google Images or on the websites above. 3 Day Itinerary Day 1 Wake up after a late flight into Vancouver. Eat breakfast at the hotel. Take a bus to Grouse Mountain were you will go on an amazing tour to the peak of the mountain and take a scenic tour to all the best view points. After the tour grab a bite to eat at The Observatory were you will enjoy an outstanding view with some remarkably tasty local food. Then head back down the mountain and take a bus to the Vancouver Aquarium, Vancouver's top attraction. Here you will see some amazing aquatic animals and one of the best shows around. After you have done all there is to be done at the Aquarium, take a taxi to the award winning restaurant Five Sails. Here you will enjoy some of the best local grub around and will experience an amazing view of the harbor. After you have eaten enough, head back to the hotel and get a good nights rest. The picture above shows tourists going up Grouse Mountain Day 2 Take the Spirit of Vancouver Island to Victoria (Swartz Bay). Once in Victoria take a taxi to your hotel. Then grab a snack to eat if hungry at any local restaurant. After eating take the bus to the harbor were you will go on Seaquest Explorer and take a two and a half hour tour of the harbor where you will see a huge aquarium and local marine animals. You will also eat some of the freshest crab around. After the tour go back to your hotel and relax for around 2 hours. Then head out to the Japanese Village Steak and Seafood House will you will enjoy some great sushi. The chef is also an entertainer and will dazzle your eyes as he makes your food. Head back to your hotel and get some rest. The picture above shows the Seaquest boat Day 3 After a good nights sleep go to West, a great brunch location found in Vancouver. Here you will find great locally grown fresh food. After brunch head over to the Vancouver Art Gallery where you will absorb some world class art. After you have seen enough great art head back to the hotel to rest for a bit. After that head out to The Oakwood Canadian Bistro. Here you will eat some organic grown food with everything being made from scratch. After your done eating you might want to experience a play or show at the Vancouver theater. After this head back to the hotel.