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Post-colonialism in India

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Daniela Yu

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Post-colonialism in India

Post-colonialism in India History Division of India &Pakistan: Explanation of “Post-colonialism”
India today India as a colony:

British rule in India started in 1833 after long trading relations because of the British East India Company (founded 1606)
nonviolent independence movement led by Gandhi and Nehru
End of British rule in 1947 with India declaring Independence (partition)
Britain ended slavery thus brought freedom and independence
peace between Muslims and Hindus began to break after the British left
supporters of India’s independence (Gandhi and Nehru) weren’t able to avoid the division of the Indian subcontinent into three states
India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Muslim) became sovereign states whereas Sikkim (Buddhist) failed and was annexed by India
the whole process was accompanied by urban riots and brutal confrontations between the two major parties specifically post-modern intellectual discourse that holds together a set of theories from texts of film, philosophy and literature which are reactions to the cultural legacy of the colonialism
it is a literary theory
deals with novels written in colonies; examines culture and identity during colonialism and after having gained independence largest democracy with the second largest population on earth (ca. 1,15 Mrd)
highly increasing Gross Domestic Product and high economic potential due to a very young average population with decent english skills
GB as a multi-ethnic state

Problems of integration:
discrimination and racism
many emigrants are struggling with their identity, pondering over whether to adjust to the british culture or stick to their roots (East is East )
and becoming British Muslims
victim mentality of both – British and immigrants
Immigration Reasons:
a special law allowed citizens of the "Commonwealth of Nations" to emigrate to Britain till 1962, therefore a high population of Indians and Pakistanis in major cities
escaping the growing violence between the two religious parties
better wages
job search
better education for the children
GB as a “land of great opportunities”
many planned to return after having gained enough money
1818-1947: colonial era
1857 : India comes under direct rule of the British crown after failed Indian mutiny
1885 : Indian National Congress founded
1920-22: The non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi opened the ``Gandhi era`` civil disobedience
1942-43: Quit India movement
1947:India gains independence from GB, Nehru Prime Minister, Partition
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