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Copy of Rock Climbing Merit Badge

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Angela King

on 2 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Rock Climbing Merit Badge

Leslie King Rock Climbing Pre-Planning First Aid Skill / Techniques








Bring a day pack:
Include:
Food and water
Flashlight
Pocket knife
Sunscreen


Watch for weather conditions:
Don't climb if storms or potential lightning are in the area Origin of Rock Climbing In the 1920s, it gradually became known in the United States as an essential factor in mountain climbing. In the 1950s, Rock Climbing was considered as a sport on its own. More and more people became so enthusiastic about it. This paved the way for the development of grading system. This indicates the difficulty of the climb and measures the climber’s ability to climb. Since it became known to various countries at different times, many countries made use of their own grading system. What came with this event was the emergence or development of different Climbing Styles which are based on the terrain, with or without the use of ropes and other gear, indoor or outdoor, etc.
What to watch for and what to do: Rating Scale of 5-being a technical climb
5-4 / 5-6= Beginner
5-7/5-9 = Intermediate
5l-10 / 5-15 = Expert Rain Gear
Map and Compass
First Aid Kit
Make sure someone in your group
is CPR certified Insect Bites- use anti-itch cream
Snake Bites- keep bitten area below the heart; get help right away if poisonous What to prevent yourself from getting: Heat related reactions- heat stroke, exhaustion, and heat cramps
Cold related reactions- hypothermia and frostbite
Dehydration- get fluids like water and sports drink back into their body
Blisters- cover them with mole skin
Hypothermia- get wet clothes off and dry ones on; if needed get with another person in a sleeping bag and make body heat
Sprains- elevate injured area and apply cold compress
Fractures- don't move injured area, immobilize fracture, keep calm and still, apply ice, and get medical attention
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)
-person is unconscious
-check airway, breathing, and circulation (ABC's)
-30 compression to 2 breaths Equipment ` Types of Climbing Top rope- climbing a rock face with the rope always anchored above you; if you fall, you usually only fall a few feet until the rope catches you Lead- as a lead climber climbs, they will come to the first bolt on the rock wall. There's a metal loop attached to the bolt. The lead climber uses a quickdraw to connect the rope to the bolt. The lead climber proceeds up the route, hooking into each bolt as they come to it Verbal Signs for Climbers and Belayers Climber: "On Belay?" "Is the belay ready?" Belayer: "Belay on." "Your belay is ready." Climbing: "Climbing" "Here I go." Belayer: "Climb on." "Begin climbing." "Slack" "I need some slack in the rope."
"Take" "Take in the loose rope."
"Tension" "Tighten the rope in case of fall"
"Falling" "I'm falling. Brake belay rope."
"Rock" "Look for falling objects."
"Rope" "Rope is being dropped down" Warm-up Benefits of the Activity DO NOT wear baggy clothing- it can be annoying and could get caught in some of your gear What to wear:
Dress for the weather
Wear cool clothing on hot days Wear warm clothing on cool days Traditional Climbing- Building an anchor system with proper gear as you climb. Expert climbers only. Rope - The most important part. Types of rope include: Static
Dynamic Runners- Dyneema, Nylon, Mixture of both Harness-you will need a harness that has a proper fit for your size Carebiner- oval
wiregate
bent gate
screw gate
locking
HMS Helmet-protect the noggin Shoes - specific to rock climbing Belay Devices- ATC
Gri Gri
cinch
ATC Guide Protection - PRO. Expert use only-nuts, hexes, cams
tri cams, petons, bolts. A good hike to the climb mixed
with a little stretching is sufficient This is a life long sport
You will be involved in a close knit community
Great exercise and strength gain
Awesome scenery
Critical thinking skills Rock climbing is mostly foot and hand technique for balance. For all age levels Sources http://www.abc-of-rockclimbing.com/info/rockclimbing-history.asp
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