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Transcript of Team Cohesion
Cohesion is related to...
“Naturally there are going to be some ups and downs, particularly if you have individuals trying to achieve at a high level. But when we stepped in between the lines, we knew what we were capable of doing. When a pressure situation presented itself, we were plugged into one another as a cohesive unit. That’s why we were able to come back and win so often and win so many close games. And that’s why we were able to beat more talented teams.”
Who said this?
Team Unity Example
“A dynamic process which is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in pursuit of its goals and objectives” (Carron, 1982).
Are they highly cohesive?
More than just “sticking together” (adhesion)
Cohesion also reflects commonality of purpose (goals)
Team success and affiliation needs
Task cohesion - degree to which members work together to achieve common goals
Social cohesion - degree to which members enjoy each others company.
Positive relationship between cohesion & performance when member satisfaction high
cohesion enhanced with high degree of conformity
cohesive teams more stable
Yukelson (1997) ...an “ongoing, multifaceted process where group members learn how to work together for a common goal, and share pertinent information regarding the quality of team functioning for the purpose of establishing more effective ways of operating” (p. 73).
Level of interdependency
Personal | individual orientations, characteristics
Leadership | coach/captain behavior & style
Team | abilities, stability, desire for group success
1. Develop team pride, unity & identity
2. Maintain open communication
3. Recognize & value contributions of each team member
4. Strive for consensus & commitment by involving all members in goal setting
5. Use team meetings to resolve conflicts
6. Stay in touch with team leaders
In basketball, football, or hockey, for example:
successful execution of one-on-one situations
the number of breaks in play
breaking down attacks
successful execution and range of passes
number of attacks
number of set pieces required to be defended/made in attacks
(suggestions by Rovio et al 2010)
Need Better Objective Data to Assess Progress