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The Great Depression
Transcript of The Great Depression
In 1932, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President and he create the New Deal. He restored faith and hope to the American people and brought them out of the Depression!
Herbert Hoover was elected as U.S. President only 8 months before he crash. He was unable to find a solution for the Depression, which made many people dislike him. He thought the problem would eventually work itself out.
During the Depression, Hoovervilles sprang up all over American cities. These Hoovervilles got their name from President Hoover.
Hoovervilles were settlements formed in terrible neighborhoods during the Depression. There were dozens to hundreds to shacks built with whatever types of materials they could find like cardboard, boxwood, and scrap metal.
This is what Hoovervilles looked like. By 1939, there were over 5,331 Hoovervilles in America!
People were starving during the Great Depression because they did not have enough money to buy food. Local missions and food banks were the responsibility of the community because Hoover would not pass a food surplus bill. .
The Great Depression
The New Deal also reformed the banking system, gave government relief for farms and housing, provided unemployment benefits for people out of work, and created social security! The New Deal was a big accomplishment because it put structure back into society. Roosevelt was a hero to many.
Roosevelt served a total of 4 terms as President. He is now considered one of the greatest Presidents in U.S. history because of all that he did to help America during the Great Depression. He helped people survive one of the most difficult decades in history.
The Dust Bowl made the Depression even harder for people in the Great Plains. Poor agricultural practices and years of drought caused a series of dust storms that picked up the soil, covering and destroying farms. Many families had to leave their farms and migrate to the west coast.
The New Deal created companies like the TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) which opened up new jobs. The TVA, for example, gave people jobs building dams on the Tennessee River, which created hydroelectricity for rural areas.
Many people even died from diseases like dust pneumonia, where dust gets in your lungs. People lost many belongings in the powerful dust storms.
Life was very hard during the Depression...
Roosevelt changed things for the better...