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Unit 57 Photography and Photographic Techniques: Task 1

Task 1: Explain different applications of photography with reference to detailed illustrative examples and with generally correct use of subject terminology.

Chandra Khan

on 16 June 2014

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Transcript of Unit 57 Photography and Photographic Techniques: Task 1

Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Techniques
How do they make money?
David Lazar:
Independent photographer - freelancer
Sells his prints on his web pages, travel magazines and newspapers etc.

What is the purpose of their photography?
David Lazar:
Intrigued with locations with rich cultural background - informs and educates viewers
Promotion of remote areas
David Lazar:
Magazines (travel)
How do they affect the viewer?
Is one application better than another?
Henri Cartier-Bresson:
Important figure in photography world
35 Lecia
Equipment (+ natural light)
Personal input* - mention one of his prints.

Where does their work come from?
David Lazar

“Loves to capture moments of life, beauty and culture through photography”
Origin of interests is from portrait and landscape
Sees travel photography as a “genre of art”
Passion development
Boost to his photography career
His travels and stories
David Lazar:
New viewing experience
Somewhat heavily processed
Somewhat over saturated
Nikon D700 SLR camera
& Nikon 24-80mm lens
Awards includes; Shutterbug Award (2011), Kumuka Travel Photo Contest (2010), Lonely Planet Photo Competition (2010), Asian Geographic - Poetry in Motion Competition (2010) and Intrepid Photography Competition (2009)
Personal input* - mention one of his prints.

Henri Cartier- Bresson
Has worked with renowned and famous figures.
Salaried (some part of his career
Henri Cartier-Bresson
"The Decisive Moment"
A Naturalist
Henri Cartier-Bresson
Henri Cartier-Bresson

Father of photojournalism
Master of candid photography
Developed street photography
Inspirational to students (photojournalism)
Camera (and lens) development
Where are their photographs used?
What is photography?
Photography is an art form that conveys an idea or concept across to the viewer; it is essentially the practice of taking and processing photographs. It takes up in a form of camera which is an instrument for capturing visual image in ‘real time’, depending on the applications of photography which varies from war photography, fashion photography, architectural photography etc. The term is originates from a previous Greek concept, which roughly is interpreted as follows; ‘photos’ is light and ‘graphos’ is drawing, so essentially it is drawing with light which is a great analogy of depriving from basic natural sources to produce photographs.
David Lazar is an Australian award winning travel photographer, he loves to “capture moments of life, beauty and culture from photography”, which was first inspired him from his trips to India and Nepal, where he discovered his love for photography and travel, which essentially developed into a career choice.

Lazar passion fueled by cultural surroundings has earned him a Smithsonian competition award (2012), where he received his first great reception. He has also won various others such as the Asian Geographic -Poetry in Motion Competition (2010), Kumuka Travel Photo Contest (2010) and the Shutterbug Award (20110 just to name a few.

His work from his Kenyan prints were exhibited and sold to raise money for Kenyan philanthropy project in the renowned and elitist luxury travel company, Abercrombie and Kent. His ‘Wildlife and Warriors’ which was featured Abercrombie and Kent event gave him a huge boost in his travel photography as it gave him immense credit, acknowledgment and recognition to his photography work. When he is on his journeys, he is constantly inspired by people’s stories, rural areas, especially locations with “rich cultural backgrounds” and the history of each country, which is evident as he frequently records each expedition on his blog page.

In contrast to Lazar’s photography work is French photography Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004), whose interests is mainly focused on crucial events of various countries and the people that are affected by the incident. He is considered to be the ‘Father’ of the current photojournalism, which is a particular form of journalism that creates images in order to tell news story in ‘real time’. A pioneer in photojournalism, he traveled around the world capturing every current movement from the Spanish Civil War to the French uprising in 1968.

In addition, he is also considered to be the ‘master’ of candid photography which essentially is a photograph that is captured without the subject appearing to be posing. Moreover, he developed street photography from the early stages which heavily consists of community spaces in the human condition in order to convey the subject, item or the location. It does not necessarily need the presence of the subject however a substitute such as an item (of focus) or the location in ‘real time’ will still portray the intended purpose of street photography which in essence conveys the importance of the time.

Similarly to Lazar’s work, they are both inspired by people and have a way of producing photographs with deep meaning and strong concept behind them when first looked upon. Cartier-Bresson examines the human conditions deeply and the affect that certain events had on the people and the environment in various countries. Cartier-Bresson is inspirational to students, particularly for his work in photojournalism as he has an eye for taking a captivating image of his subjects in crucial events in their country.

His extraordinary photography work over the course of his career has earned him recognition and jus to name a few awards the Culture Prize, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Photographie (1974), Grand Prix National de la Photographie (1981) and the Hasselblad Award (1982) for his contribution to the field.

Lazar is an independent, freelance photographer therefore, as a freelancer he produces his own funds and sells his prints via his professional photography web page, newspapers, magazines e.g. National Geographic and sometimes runs campaigns with the support of a travel agency in his expeditions.
Cartier-Bresson began as a freelancer and when his fame grew, he worked at distinguished French companies, producing regular photography work for newspapers and hence later work became a salaried career. He would also work on assignments for company Magnum. And during the course of his extensive career, he worked with many notable figures throughout his career which also captivated his audience of his work with famous people such as Marilyn Monroe Coco Chanel, Pablo Picasso, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Richard Nixon and, Harry S. Truman.

I suppose there are some aspects of royalty sales because both Lazar and Cartier-Bresson would sell their work to magazines and newspapers for a negotiated or fixed price. The company would sell their work however they keep some percentage of the profit as a royalty. There are also some elements of commission work because selling work on basic salary fee plus commission based on the amount of sales made determined the margins of the profit made in total.

Lazar is intrigued with locations with exquisite, rich and opulent cultural backgrounds therefore, his intention is to inform his audience whilst giving knowledge to the viewer of the country’s rich culture. This is in turn promotes and encourages viewers through various forms of publications to travel to those beautiful remote countries to experience the journey themselves and immense themselves into the country’s culture.
Cartier-Bresson is an influential figure in the photography world, in particular in photojournalism, candid photography and street photography domain because he observes his subject’s in their current position, as time is a huge factor in his work thus making his photographs significant due to the time and the situation it was taken. He wants to inform his audience of various events that occur so as to educate them and offer them news coverage through his photography. He pays particular attention to the human condition and environment in his photography as if it were a documentary because there is a story and a meaning behind each photograph he takes which is then opened to the audience for interpretation. A Cartier-Bresson significant piece was of Mahatma Gandhi as it was taken before his assassination in 1948.
Lazar photography works are available on his photography website where you can directly purchase any of his prints. It is a great source of understanding the process of some of his work as he documents his journey on his blog page which is accessible on his website. The website gives an insight to the viewers of the stories behind each image and the inspirational that stimulated and motivated his work. Lazar work is in various galleries and his work is published on a variety of travel magazines content and in some occasions on front cover of the magazine issues such as Practical Photography, National Geographic and Asian Geographic. The popularity of his prints are published in travel in-flight magazines, journals and newspapers, in particular in areas he produced those photographs.
Cartier-Bresson first publication as a photojournalist was in 1937, where his covered the coronation of King George VI for French weekly Regards. Cartier-Bresson advanced over the course of his career, frequently publishing his photography work in magazines, books, galleries and exhibitions, and specifically in newspapers. Cartier-Bresson had commercial success in the 1930s where he presented his work in major exhibitions, ranging from Mexico, New York and Madrid. The popularity of his work grew to the point where he was sought-after by notable figures, mainly in portrait style e.g. Coco Chanel, Richard Nixon, and Malcolm X etc.

Cartier-Bresson novel the ‘Decisive Moment’ (1952) is a legacy to his work which gives insight to readers into his world. It holds significant importance to the genetic codes of photojournalism which still grows today and features approximately 126 photographs and contains various statements from Cartier-Bresson.

Lazar photography pieces are generally magnificent and exquisitely beautiful; his images are a way of viewing various countries with “rich cultural background” in a new art form as although his prints are usually perhaps heavily processed and over saturated in the post-production stage in the editing process. He does this so as to assist the viewer to understand and have the knowledge of the country’s rich and opulent culture through photography.

I would personally state that although his works are a bit over saturated and heavily processed however, it achieved its essential objective which is to captivate the viewer. Take ‘the Ascent’ for example, it tells a story, giving meaning to the image which makes the photography profound. There are three Masai’s looking over a distance, the composition is very strong, making the image more deep and intense. The pose and their focus on something in the distance are perfectly orchestrated to create profound effect on the viewer. In the post-production stage of editing, the image appears heavily processed and over saturated however, the image is still in keeping with the theme which is to provide the viewer with an insight of the Kenya’s glorious history in tribal traditional values and customs and their rich cultural environment.

He is an important figure in the photography industry and continues to inspire more photographers, particularly those who are interested in photojournalism. He believed that photography should be done in-camera, he did not like getting rid of photos that capture everything in frame, however he would disregard those that are not in frame or composition. In addition, his philosophy in not caring too much about the developing and post-processing stages meant that he would focus all his attention on the image within the lens of his camera instead of spending majority of his time processing his photos.

In contrasts to Cartier-Bresson, Lazar photos rely entirely on the post-processing stages to execute his images which are a common theme in the modern world of photography. Cartier-Bresson photography piece of a man sitting on a beach is quite thought-provoking as you wonder what is happening in the picture and the composition of it is quite intriguing, it makes the viewer question a lot about the piece. Cartier-Bresson works are quite philosophical which permits the audience open to interpretation of his works and allows them explore the meaning behind his work. This makes his work even more significant to the photography world because he opens a lot of doors for the viewer to explore and through his clever philosophy regarding camera lenses to portray an image is very ingenious. He stayed faithful to his 50mm lens which allowed him to strengthen his artist vision and conveying a concept across to the audience. He focused on one focal point, allowing him to visually explore the camera shots in various angles and distances he wanted which strengthen his thoughts and message he wanted to present.

Both applications are similar in terms of conveying a concept across to the viewer and allowing them to read the message in greater detail, which makes both applications important because it’s open to interpretations and makes the audience go through a thought-provoking process of understanding the message deeper. Lazar travel photography is better in terms of exploring different country’s culture and traditions and the importance of it to the country’s heritage. However it focuses mainly too much on the journey and travel aspect of it (which is the intended purpose), as opposed to the political state of a country going through a crisis, which Cartier-Bresson focuses on and makes the audience think deeper into these significant events. I respect both applications because it stays true to the intended purpose of the genre and although there are some similarities between Lazar and Cartier-Bresson as they convey their own somewhat philosophical concept to the viewer. They are different in terms of their application which is to stay in keeping with the genre even if their aim and purpose is the same.
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