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How did Josef Mengele's experiments affect modern medicine?
Transcript of How did Josef Mengele's experiments affect modern medicine?
affect modern medicine?
Nuremberg Medical Code
I swear by Apollo the healer, by Aesculapius, by Health and all the powers of healing, and call to witness all the gods and goddesses that I may keep this Oath and Promise to the best of my ability and judgement.
I will pay the same respect to my master in the Science as to my parents and share my life with him and pay all my debts to him. I will regard his sons as my brothers and teach them the Science, if they desire to learn it, without fee or contract. I will hand on precepts, lectures and all other learning to my sons, to those of my master and to those pupils duly apprenticed and sworn, and to none other.
I will use my power to help the sick to the best of my ability and judgement; I will abstain from harming or wronging any man by it.
I will not give a fatal draught to anyone if I am asked, nor will I suggest any such thing. Neither will I give a woman means to procure an abortion.
I will be chaste and religious in my life and in my practice.
I will not cut, even for the stone, but I will leave such procedures to the practitioners of that craft.
Whenever I go into a house,
I will go to help the sick and never with the intention of doing harm or injury.
I will not abuse my position to indulge in sexual contacts with the bodies of women or of men, whether they be freemen or slaves.
Whatever I see or hear, professionally or privately, which ought not to be divulged, I will keep secret and tell no one.
If, therefore, I observe this Oath and do not violate it, may I prosper both in my life and in my profession, earning good repute among all men for my time. If I transgress and forswear this oath, may my lot be otherwise.
The Nuremberg Code
The Nuremberg code was introduced in 1947 after the Doctor's trial. It outlines 10 points to which doctors must adhere when carrying out experiments on other humans.
Medical Nuremberg Trials
Consent from the patient is essential.
It must be informed and without outer intervention.
must have a purpose
and should be done by necessity.
3. Research must be based off of animal experimentation.
mental and physical pain are to be avoided.
shall not be conducted if
there's reason to believe that
disability or death will occur.
6. The degree of risk is more important than the humanitarian importance of the experiment's results.
7. Experiments should be made with the proper materials and facilities.
8. The research must be
done by a professional.
subject has the right to end experimentation
at any point.
the researcher believes that
experimentation may lead to disability, injury or death, it's his duty to terminate the experiment.
December 9, 1946. Twenty-three German physicians were charged and tried for crimes against humanity, and war crimes. There were 85 people that served as witnesses, and about 1500 documents were submitted as evidence. After 140 days of trial, 16 of the 23 doctors were found guilty, and of those, 7 were given the death penalty.
Mengele was a soldier wounded in battle. After being deemed unable for duty in battle, he was promoted to work as an SS physician at Auschwitz.
He sorted prisoners upon their arrival into the groups going to the gas chambers, or the group that held able-bodied workers.
He conducted gruesome experiments and operations on the inmates, often without anesthesia. He was known to the prisoners as the "Angel of Death."
Most infamous physician of his time.
the ethical question still remains: Is it okay for doctors to use research that was achieved unethically as a base for today's research? Does it justify the inhumanity with which the Nazi doctors gained the data? Or does it mean the victims died for the greater good?
Nazi medicine certainly had an impact on modern day medicine. The Nuremberg Code was created, and it radically changed the views on morals and ethics that doctors should stand by. As for the actual research and data gained from said experiments