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Family Influence on Child Development
Transcript of Family Influence on Child Development
ECE205: Introduction to Child Development
August 14, 2014
Family Influence on Child Development
Physical development relates to a child's motor skills, health, and growth. Family affects physical development because children need caring parents to guide them. Parents provide children with the necessary sustenance they need to survive and grow. When a young child has a sibling, they have someone to play with. This contributes to a child's development of motor skills. Negative experiences in the home such as domestic violence or child abuse can affect a child's physical development. It is estimated that more than two million children each year are victims of physical or sexual abuse (Swick, Knopf, Williams, & Fields 2012).
Having a large family teaches children how to interact with others. In a study of more than 20,000 children, those with siblings were consistently rated as having better social skills than children without siblings (Downey & Condron, 2004). Parents and family members also teach children what behaviors are accepted in their culture and in society. The home is where children learn their culture and values. According to Groark, McCarthy, & Kirk (2014), "Family is where socialization occurs and where behaviors are shaped initially."
Cognitive development encompasses many different areas. A couple of these areas include language development, memory, and information processing. Family members will often try and teach their children how to speak. Everything that goes on at home in front of the child is significant to their development (whether it be good or bad). Children learn from watching. They begin to remember things and learn how to speak. Parents must be role models for their children. A lack of attachment to parents or caregivers can result in poor cognitive development. According to Groark, McCarthy, & Kirk (2014), "The quality of the attachment affects cognitive and social-emotional growth, and personality traits such as persistence and self-worth."
Groark, C., McCarthy, S. & Kirk, A. (2014). Early Child Development: From Theory to Practice. Bridgepoint Education: San Diego, CA.
Swick, K., Knopf, H., Williams, R., & Fields, M. (2012). Family-School Strategies for Responding to the Needs of Children Experiencing Chronic Stress. Early Childhood Education Journal, 41(3), 181-186. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
Children are influenced by a variety of things as they grow and develop. A child's greatest influence comes from their family. After all, they are the ones they spend the most time with. Family is the setting from which a child learns emotions, behaviors, and day-to-day interactions (Groark, McCarthy, & Kirk, 2014). Children learn about behavior, culture, emotions, and socialization from the ones they live with. Families come in all sizes and at a minimum consist of one adult and dependent.
Children socializing by playing together.
If a child grows up in an unstable home it can affect their emotional development. Parents and family should be supportive of their children. This requires open communication and letting one another know how they are feeling. If there is a lack of parenting in the household a child may not learn to express how they feel. Parents have to teach their children to self-regulate their emotions. If they do not they may develop negative behaviors and emotions such as aggression, intense anger, anxiety, or depression (Groark, McCarthy, & Kirk, 2014). Children need to know it is okay to feel and express different emotions.
Children learn from watching others.
Understanding the influence family has is important as an educator. Educators will have a better working knowledge of their students and their home life if they develop relationships with the student's family. Family members are able to provide insight to the teacher as to why their child may be acting a certain way. This information is beneficial because teachers can adjust their teaching approach to engage the areas a student may be lacking in. Teachers must remember that family plays an important role in a child's life and they should do their best to not to discredit what is being taught at home. Educators are employed to teach, not take the role of mom or dad.