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TIMELINE: The history of the classification of living things

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mr duckerfisher

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of TIMELINE: The history of the classification of living things

TIMELINE: The history of the classification of living things
Edward Topsell 1572-1638AD
Edward Topsell is very famous for his work on 'THE HISTORY OF FOUR-FOOTED BEASTS AND SERPENTS' . This 1,100 page book was greatly inspired by Konrad Gesner's work because Topsell was not a naturalist himself.
Andrea Caesalpino 1525-1603AD
Andrea Caesalpino was a botanist that had a much different approach to classification of plants then Linnaeus (mentioned later). Inspired by Aristotle, Andrea made his classification on the seeds and fruits produced by the plants. Caesalpino also wrote 'De plantis libri XVI' which was one of the leading books on botany before Linnaeus' time.
Konrad Gesner 1516-1565AD
Konrad Gesner learnt that information can emerge if things are classified and organized. He is well known because he classified almost every animal that he read about, fictional or real. Konrad was inspired by Aristotle and Pliny.
Pliny the Elder- 29-79AD
Pliny the Elder was a Roman historian and military commander who was inspired by Aristotle. Pliny learnt that classification can be based upon the objects characteristics.
Carolus Linnaeus 1707-1778
Quite possibly one of the most famous people when referring to classification is Carolus Linnaeus. Linnaeus is so famous because he made the Linnaean Classification System, a system of classification that grouped together species based on their genetic structures and how they reproduced. Linnaeus is also famous for writing SYSTEMA NATURAE.
Aristotle was one of the first people to think about classification. He discovered that characteristics are inherited and that things can be classified by appearance. Book: de animalibus.
John Ray 1628-1705AD
John Ray was a famous naturalist and philosopher. Ray was a very bright child at a young age and excelled at academia. Starting with the 'Catalogue of Cambridge Plants' Ray released several more writings on plants and animals and classified them into the groups of plants, birds, animals, fish, and insects along with their scientific names.
Joseph Pitton de Tournefort 1656-1708
Joseph Pitton de Tournefort was a botanist that was famous for his botanical works. Tournefort collected many specimens from Asia Minor to Greece and wrote the beautiful 'Éléments de botanique'. Joseph excelled at observation and some of his discriptions are accepted today.
Quirinus Rivinus 1652-1723
Quirinus Rivinus is famous for his works in 'Introductio generalis in rem herbariam' a book which Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Carl Linnaeus have read. Much like John Ray, Rivinus used dichotomas keys to lead to higher groups, of which he called 'higher genera' which lead down to the 'lower genera'. Rivinus also agreed with John Ray upon plant classification.
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