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THE BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGEN

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by

Amanda L

on 2 June 2014

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Transcript of THE BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGEN

THE
BLOOD-BORNE
PATHOGEN

MICROORGANISMS CARRIED BY
HUMAN
BLOOD

AND
OTHER
BODY FLUIDS
HEPATITIS B
* CONTAGIOUS LIVER DISEASE
* ACUTE AND CHRONIC STAGES
* VIRUS CAN LIVE IN DRIED
BLOOD FOR UP TO 7 DAYS
* VACCINE IS AVAILABLE
HEPATITIS C
* CONTAGIOUS LIVER DISEASE
* ACUTE AND CHRONIC STAGES
* ESTIMATED 3.2 MILLION
PEOPLE IN U.S. ARE INFECTED
* MOST PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC
HEP C DO NOT KNOW THEY
ARE INFECTED UNTIL THEIR
LIVER IS DAMAGED
HIV
* VIRUS THAT DESTROYS T-CELLS
WHICH HELP FIGHT INFECTION
* SEVERELY DAMAGES IMMUNE
SYSTEM
* MORE THAN 1 MILLION
AMERICANS ARE INFECTED WITH
HIV
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS
* APPROACH ALL BODY FLUIDS AS IF
INFECTED WITH BLOOD-BORNE
PATHOGENS
* HAND-WASHING PROCEDURE
* NON-POROUS GLOVES MUST BE USED
WHEN EXPOSED TO OR HANDLING
CONTAMINATED ITEMS OR SURFACES
* BODY FLUID CLEAN UP PROCEDURE
* REPORT ALL FIRST AID INCIDENTS
INVOLVING BLOOD OR OTHER BODY
FLUIDS BEFORE THE END OF WORK DAY
You Can't Touch This!
Unbroken skin forms a barrier against bloodborne pathogens, HOWEVER, infected blood can enter your system through:
* open sores
* cuts
* abrasions
* acne
* sunburn/blisters
* eyes
* nose
*mouth
Full transcript