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The Evolution and Development of Tourism

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Patricia Rose Arceno

on 20 December 2014

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Transcript of The Evolution and Development of Tourism

5th - 14th Century
14th - 16th Century
20th Century
4850 BC - AD 300
18th - 19th Century
The Evolution and Development of Tourism
Unit Objectives:
The Historical Development of Tourism
Early Beginning Period
Many cultures and nations moved great armies and navies to conquer and control resources and trade routes. Although military forces often traveled great distances, it was probably not until the emergence of the Egyptian, Eastern Mediterranean and Roman Empires that travel began to evolve into tourism as we know it today.
The Origins of Modern Tourism
The origins of modern tourism industry - cultural tourism in particular - are believed to have begun with the Grand Tour. Many of the major cities of Europe (e.g. Paris, Milan and Rome) developed superior hotels and service for their guests.
The Mobility Era - was characterized by increased travel to new an familiar locations, both near and far. The next major steps in the Mobility Era were the introduction of automobiles and air travel.
Tourism in the 20th Century
The growing demand for leisure travel among the working population began as day trips initially in the late eighteenth century and increasingly throughout the nineteenth century.
The development of tourism in the early part of the 20th century displays numerous themes and exogenous factors, particularly important are the economic, social and political climates as well as aspects such as affluence, holiday entitlement and technological advances.
Explain the historical development of tourism
Identify factors instrumental to the historical development of tourism
Explain the significant contribution of each event to the tourism industry
Unit Topics:
The Historical Development of Tourism
Early Beginning Period
The Origins of Modern Tourism
Tourism in the 20th Century
The story of travel and tourism essentially mirrors the advance of mankind. That is, as human beings evolved and transportation and technology improved, people ventured further a field from original locations, and this apparent natural quest after new horizons and experiences continues to this day.
Five conditions come to mind as necessary for the development of travel and tourism:
modes of transportation, accommodations and other supporting services must be available
accessible and interesting destinations
travels must have the means (income)
travelers must have sufficient time available for the activity
safety has been an issue both regarding the transportation mode and conditions at the destination
The Empire Era (4850 B.C. - A.D. 300)
The point at which simple travel evolved into the more complex activities of tourism is hard to identify. Tourism as an industry probably began to develop during the Empire Era which stretched from the time of the Egyptian to the Greeks and finally came to an end with the fall of the Roman Empire.
The Egyptian Kingdoms - were the first known civilizations to have consolidated government functions at centralized locations
The Greek Empire - developed common language and currency
The Roman Empire - fostered expanded tourism opportunities for both middle-class and wealthy citizens
The Middle Ages (5th - 14th Century)
The middle ages, also known as the Dark Ages. Travel almost disappeared during this period. All roads were not protected by the Roman military anymore after the fall of Roman Empire. Traveling throughout the region became difficult and dangerous. Only pilgrimages still traveled for their religious reasons. As the dominance of the Roman Empire crumbled, travel became dangerous and sporadic. The feudal system that eventually replaced the Roman Empire rule resulted on many different autonomous domains.
The Renaissance Era (14th - 16th Century)
The rebirth in travel emerged slowly during the renaissance marked the end of the Dark Ages. This era embraced a period intellectual rebirth for the Western world in terms of art, architecture and literature. Trade routes slowly began to reopen as commercial activities grew and merchants ventured into new territories.
Landmarks in the Development of Tourism
Thomas Cook - can be credited with finally bringing travel to the general public by introducing the tour package. He began running a special excursion train from Leicester to Loughborough in England and is believed to be the first publicly advertised excursion train.
The Grand Tour Era - Grand Tour is a name given to the first real travel itinerary involving a substantial number of participants. Grand Tour Era which marked the height of luxurious travel and tourism activities, organized with the wealthy English and soon spread and became fashionable among other individuals who had time and money.
The Development of Health Tourism - health tourism has long existed, but it was not until the eighteenth century that it became important. In England, it was associated with spas, places with supposedly health-giving mineral waters, treating disease from gout to liver disorders and bronchitis.
New Forms of Tourism during the period of Industrial Revolution - an Industrial Revolution was a fundamental economic change, started first in England during 1750-1850. Between 1770-1850, the economy of England changed from mostly agricultural to mostly industrial. This was the result not only of one key invention but of technological progress in different fields coming together.
Shang Dynasty Trade Routes
Egyptian Cruise
Romans build roads
Modern Tourism Grand Tour
Merchants venture to new territories
Prepared by:
Arceno, Patricia Rose - Presentation
Albaro, Abby - Pictures
Agojo, Nicole - x
Andrade, Clarrise - x
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