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Powers of the President

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michelle ashmore

on 11 March 2016

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Transcript of Powers of the President

Powers
of the
President

formal
those powers listed in the Constitution
Foreign war (send troops)
execute laws
pardons and reprieves
treaties and foreign policy
appoint officials
call special sessions
veto legislation
state of the union
in charge of army and navy
Propose Budget
shared?
yes, Congress has power to declare war
shared?
no. President is chief executive
shared?
No. President doesn't need approval
(example: when Ford pardoned Nixon for Watergate)
Shared?
Yes. Congress (Senate) approves treaties and is key in foreign relations
shared?
YES. PRESIDENT NOMINATES, BUT Congress (SENATE) HAS TO approve
shared?
No.
but... Congress
must attend
shared?
No. Congress can override with 2/3 vote, but President has veto power
shared?
No. it is delivered to Congress.
shared?
No. he is Commander in Chief
Informal
not specifically listed in the Constitution
-Ceremonies
-Invite diplomats, Congress, party members to White House
-shape public opinion
-persuade others
-party platform
-set policy agenda

shared?
No. President is chief diplomat, executive, and leader of party.
shared?
No. Receiving diplomats is a formal power, but ASKING these people to the White House is not :)
shared?
Yes. shared with the
linkage institutions
(media, interest groups, parties)
shared?
Yes. shared with everyone -- the public, politicians, media, interest groups, parties, PAC's
shared?
yes. with the political party (determine what is important and what stance is)
shared?
yes. shared with the government and linkage institutions
what are they also called??
it is said that the President has to wear many hats in his execution of power based on the Constitution...
Diplomatic
Head of State

make treaties and
executive agreement: agreement
with other nations (no senate approval)

welcome foreign leaders

name ambassadors

Send Foreign aid (via troops, financial, etc)

develop foreign policy and national security

recognize other nations

ceremonies, symbolic events
Legislative
propose legislation

sign legislation or veto power

invite Congress members to White House

call special sessions

set public policy and policy agenda

State of the Union
* outline years agenda
* bully pulpit: use office to promote programs and influence Congress to accept legislative proposals
Military
Commander in Chief
(civilian leader of military - Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines)

Send troops to stop riots, provide defense, combat

War Powers Resolution

Appointments (Joint Chiefs of Staff, head of CIA)

power shared with Congress (who declares war)

helps to decide strategy during war
(with Dept of Defense)

Decision on whether to bomb
it is said the the power of the federal government has increased recently... why??
Article II
also known as Implied
shared?
yes. congress helps create and approve.
we can classify the formal and informal powers within these "hats" or responsibilities
EXEcutive
party
Economic
Manages Bureaucracy and Executive branch (hires and fires, hold meetings)

appointment officials, cabinet members, SCOTUS justices, and federal judges
*senatorial courtesy: home state senators consulted before presidential nominations

grant pardons (excuse offenders from crime) and reprieves (delay enactment of penalties)
*ex: Ford pardoned Nixon after Watergate

enforce laws and federal programs

executive order: issue to carry out existing law or new regulation that has the same effect as law
(can't violate an existing law) * ex: Don't Ask, Don't Tell

Executive privilege: right to withhold info. from Congress or refuse to testify (limited by US v. Nixon)
Propose budget (then Congress modifies,Pres approves)

work with Secretary of Treasury

policies to handle unemployment and inflation

propose tax cuts/increases

meet with economic advisors

appoint Chairman of Federal Reserve (Janet Yellen) - nation's central bank that makes decisions about interest rates
and money supply

trade agreements
focus and direction for party
*set platform

work with party leaders and Congress members to pass legislation into law

persuade public, politicians, IG, media

shape media and public opinion

campaigns for party members
appears at fundraisers and other events

* Parties are NOT in Constitution - this role is based on custom
Full transcript