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Bipolar Disorder

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jorge pal

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder
History/Background
Formerly called "Manic Disorder"
Aretaeus of Cappadocia started the search for background of Bipolar Disorder.
Repsonsible for "mania" and "melancholia", modern day words for manic and depressive.
Stages:
bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder II, or cyclothymic disorder.
The cause of bipolar disorder is not entirely known. Genetic, neurochemical and environmental factors probably interact at many levels to play a role in the onset and progression of bipolar disorder. The current thinking is that this is a predominantly biological disorder that occurs in a specific part of the brain and is due to a malfunction of the neurotransmitters. As a biological disorder, it may lie dormant and be activated spontaneously or it may be triggered by stressors in life.
Diagnosis
Bipolar Profile
Bipolar Disorder
Mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and depression. Also marked by periods of elation/depression.
5.7 million adult Americans (2.6% of population)
Effects start to show in the lateteens and early adulthood (under 25 yrs old)
Doesn't affect any race more than the other
Bipolar disorder symptoms
Bipolar I Disorder
at least one manic episode and one or more major depression episode
equally common in men and women, with the first episode in men usually being mania, and the first episode in women typically being major depression.
Bipolar II Disorder
defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but no full-blown manic or mixed episodes.
Cyclothymic Disorder
mild form of bipolar disorder. People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania as well as mild depression for at least 2 years.
Famous Bipolar people
Causes
Vincent van Gogh
Robin Williams
DMX
specialized blood tests or other laboratory measures to help our doctors make an accurate diagnosis.
severity, length, and frequency
Hot & Cold
Treatment Of Disorder
Prognosis
Since everyone repsonds differently with medications, patients with bipolar disorder have to try many different things.
Greeks discovered back in the day that the use of lithium salts in baths could calm manic patients and lift the spirits of sad/depressed people.
Today, lithium is a common treatment for bipolar patients.
Medications that balance your mood and once your mood is balanced then you should move on from there.
Anitdepressents & Anti-anxiety Medications
Can't be cured
Can be treated over long period
Discussion Questions
What is the defintion of Bipolar Disorder?
Do you know anyone or have family members who have Bipolar Disorder?
Do you know about any t.v. shows that portray the Bipolar disorder?
Name a famous person with the disorder.
What are some stereotypes you think of when it comes to disorder?
Kevin
Picture Of Bipolar Bear
Full transcript