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King Lear Seminar

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Karishma Seebaran

on 9 July 2015

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Transcript of King Lear Seminar

PLOT continued...
Person vs. Person
- External Conflict
1. Lear's knight goes to Dover
2. Lear outside in the storm
3. The Fool's advice to Lear
4. The Tiny Hut
King Lear Earl of Gloucester
Fool Regan & Goneril
Edgar Edmund
King Lear Seminar : Act 3
5. Possession of Gloucester's caslte
6. Edmund's plan of betrayal
9. Gloucester's punisment
10. Gloucester's realization
Lear vs. Daughters (Regan, Goneril)
Edmund vs. Gloucester
Gloucester vs. Cornwall
Person vs. Self
- Internal Conflict
Lear vs. Lear
“In such a night
To shut me out! Pour on, I will endure.
In such a night as this! O Regan, Goneril,
Your old kind father, whose frank heart gave all—
Oh, that way madness lies. Let me shun that.
No more of that"
Person Vs. Nature
- External Conflict
Lear and others against the storm
"Here is the place, my lord. Good my lord, enter.
The tyranny of the open night’s too rough
For nature to endure"
7. Cornwall's search for Gloucester
8. Lear taken to Dover
Quote #1
“Such sheets of fire, such bursts of horrid thunder, Such groans of roaring wind and rain, I never Remember to have heard” (III. II. 44 - 46)
Quote #2
“Is man no more than this? Consider him well. Thou owest the worm no silk, the beast no hide, the sheep no wool, the cat no perfume. Ha! Here’s three on ’s are sophisticated. Thou art the thing itself. Unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art.—” (III. IV. 107 -114)
Quote #3
“Now a little fire in a wild field were like an old lecher’s heart; a small spark, all the rest on ’s body cold. Look here comes a walking fire.” (III. IV. 116 -119)
Quote #4
“Lest it see more, prevent it. Out vile jelly!” (III. VII. 85-86)
Describes the storm
Pathetic fallacy
Highlights major points
Develops plot
The Use of Imagery
enforces message
easier to understand
contributes to mood
Purpose of imagery
helps reader visualize
gives comparisons
explains exactly what happens
Set the mood
Advance plot
Enforce theme and motif
“This cold night will turn us all to fools and madmen.” (III. IV. 80 -81)
Prominent though play and act
Seen through Lear, kingdom and Edgor
Betrayal and Power
“This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke Instantly know, and of that letter too. This seems a fair deserving, and must draw me That which my father loses—no less than all. The younger rises when the old doth fall.” (III. III. 22 -26)
Fathers betrayed by children
greed for power and wealth
parent's assets
greed for power leads to betrayal
“These injuries the king now bears will be revenged home. There’s part of a power already footed. We must incline to the king. I will look him and privily relieve him […] Though I die for it—as no less is threatened me—the king my old master must be relieved.” (III. III. 12 -15)
Gloucester loyal to Lear
Would die for him
Stands by his side
Shown through the Fool, Kent and Cordelia
King Lear is blinded and chooses what he wants to see.
Now he is in this predicament doesn't know who to trust
Fool uses his low status to inflict knowledge to King Lear.
since he is of low status the King dismisses all the information given to him
Cause complete chaos within the kingdom
“Rumble thy bellyful!spit, fire, spout, rain !Nor rain wind, thunder,fire, are my daughters. I tax not you,you elements, with unkindness I never gave you kingdom, called you children;you owe me no subscription.”(3.2.16-20)

Shakespeare uses the theme topic of family to illustrate typical families in society.
Lear’s daughters have betrayed him and this causes a separation within the family. Instead of his Regan and Goneril being supportive they deceive in order to gain power in the ruling kingdom.
"This Ain't Your Lavaliere!" This Ain't Your Lavaliere! N.p., n.d. Web. 05 July 2015. <http://thisaintyourlavaliere.tumblr.com/page/2>.
Appearance versus Reality
Edgar is disguised as a beggar since many people in England do question beggars.
He has chosen to be a beggar because people ignore them and Gloucester's men will not be able to recognize him.
Shakespeare vividly shows that the people who are loyal will be the most faithful and protect King Lear under any circumstance.
Edgar welcomes the King and his servant to his shed despite their being seen and unloyal to his father Gloucester.

Likewise Gloucester’s illegitimate son acts loyal to his father, yet he creates plans in order to rule the kingdom.
The audience is able to see the real figure of Edmund. In the eyes of his father he is portrayed as a loyal son, but in reality he wants power over the kingdom.
Lear becomes satisfied with the nice things his daughters Regan and Goneril tell him.
Boosts his ego leading him to make irrational decisions like removing Kent from the Kingdom.
Kent explains the truth about Regan and Goneril, but King Lear disobeys his loyal servants opinion in order to be glorified with nice statements.
King Lear becomes metaphorically blind due to the his tragic flaw hubris.
Lear’s constant need to want pride and vanity causes him to block out the important things around him like Kent and Cordelia.
Blindness overruling a person's judgement
Gloucester reacts irrationally to the idea of Edgar wanting to kill him.
Instead of trying to solve the problem he listens to his other son, Edmund, and believes that fake lies he creates.
Good vs Bad
The idea or good versus bad, or morality.
Biggest good versus bad characters are Edgar vs Edmund.
Both sons of Earl of Gloucester and play an important role in shaping the conflicts for Gloucester as well as between Lear and his daughters and the Dukes.
Edmund plays the bad character who only wants power.
He seeks the need to make father fail in order for him to get the title.

To Conclude....
Themes such as blindness, appearance vs reality and family to develop the conflicts and characters in the play.
Present throughout the play and develop the central conflict of King Lear going from a powerful king to a humble king.
Themes such as blindness and appearance versus reality work to help the failure of King Lear and his kingdom.
Sees more clearly blind then before
Eyes plucked out for bring loyal to King Lear
Deceit each other for love and power
Completely loyal to his master
Disguises to protect the king as his loyal friend
"And I'll go to bed at noon."(3.4.84)
"Go thrust him out at gates, and let him smell his way Dover"(3.6.)
"I will have my revenge ere I depart his house"
will harm anyone who crosses his path.
Disguise to deceit
Disguise to protect
"thou robed man of justice, take thy place;"
After a conversation between Gloucester, Edmund explains “This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the duke/Instantly know, and of that letter too.This seems a fair deserving, and must draw me/That which my father loses—no less than all.The younger rises when the old doth fall.” (Act 3, Scene 3, 18-22).
Edmunds action of betraying his brother and lying allows his character to be portrayed as bad or immoral.
Edgar’s characters demonstrates good morals in order for the audience to believe he is a good person.
For example Edgar allows the King into his home as well as his father, despite being viewed as unloyal to the kingdom. He tries his best to protect his father and the king from the storm.
Good vs Bad
An illustration of this is when Edgar says “Who gives anything to Poor Tom, whom the foul fiend hath led through fire and through flame,” (Act 3 Scene 4, 48-49).

For example King Lear States “Death, traitor! Nothing could have subdued nature/To such a lowness but his unkind daughters./Is it the fashion that discarded fathers/Should have thus little mercy on their flesh?/Judicious punishment! 'Twas this flesh begot/Those pelican daughters.” (Act 3, Scene 4 65-70).
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