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Fairy Tales

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clodagh mc henry

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of Fairy Tales

History Of Fairy Tales "The term “fairy tale” was coined in the late 17th century by Madame D’Aulnoy (1650-1705)." (Oldfield & Mitchinson, 2012)

But the oldest tale found was an Aesopic fable that dates from about the 6th century. (Gray, 2009)

There are various versions of fairy tales throughout time. Fairy Tales started out being spread orally and eventually they started to be written down.

Earliest versions came from Greece and Rome and by 1550-1553 publications of fairy tales in Italy were evident and being recorded right up till 1560s. (Heiner, 2009)

In the 1600s fairy tales were being told in French salons mostly told by women. By 1697 Charles Perrault started to record fairy tales some of which are still known today. (Heiner, 2009) Fairy Tales By Clodagh Mc Henry, Eva Clarke and Shauna Cunning Why we chose Fairy Tales
Fairy Tales are something we enjoy. It's a way of escaping reality and adulthood even just for a short time.

They remind us of our childhood as we grew up watching and listening to them.

Everyone likes to believe that there is a princess or prince charming somewhere for them and that they will get their happy ever after. How women are perceived in Fairy Tales "If you want your children to be intelligent, read them fairy tales." - Albert Einstein Definition of a Fairytale

A fairy tale is a fictional story that may feature folkloric characters (such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, witches, giants, and talking animals)and enchantments, often involving a far-fetched sequence of events. The term is also used to describe something blessed with unusual happiness, as in "fairy tale ending" (a happy ending) or "fairy tale romance," though not all fairy tales end happily. Fairy tales are a genre in literature. They have their roots in the oral tradition. Fairy tales with very similar plots, characters, and motifs are found spread across many different cultures

http://www.surfturk.com/mythology/fairytaleelements.html Cleaners Dressed up Long hair Girly Needy What makes a Fairy Tale? Usually begin with "Once upon a time...."

The main character is a protagonist and has to overcome an obstacle.

Normally involves a princess or a prince

Magic and Fantasy

Good versus evil battle

Good triumphing over evil

Talking animals and magical creatures.

Ends with Happy Ever After History Of Fairy Tales Grimm's versus Disney Grimm's versus Disney Differences in the Snow White character in the past and present Beautiful Girly and weak princess who cooks, cleans and looks after the 7 dwarfs. Strong female able to fight to defend herself does not need prince to save her. Classic Fairytales

A classic fairytale is one which has been carried through generations from as early as the 1940's and is still used and well known nowadays in the 21st century.

Such as...

Beauty and The Beast Hansel and Gretel

Cinderella Goldilocks and the Three Bears

The Ugly Duckling Snow White
. Why are they called 'Classics'

Heider (2009) informs that Fairy tales are a traditional type of literature, and are stories that were told a long time ago and have been retold from generation to generation.They are labeled as not original one-offs as there are different versions of each and they have changed the story to suit each generation. Each fairytale has a setting that allows the reader to imagine it.

Short Fairytale: Hansel and Gretel, the original was published in 1989.

Kawan (2012) Once upon a time there was a poor woodcutter who lived in a cottage with his evil second wife and two children. The evil wife wanted the woodcutter to take the children to the forest and leave them there. Hansel overheard this and put breadcrumbs along a path back home so they could get home, although by the time the father took them out the birds had eaten the breadcrumbs. The two children came across a candy house where an evil witch lived. The witch wanted to eat them, and Gretel was smart and mislaid the witch that she was very thin and needed fed.Eventually the witch grew tired waiting and wanted to eat them. Gretel told the witch to feel how hot the oven was and pushed her in. In the end the children found the witch's gold coins and found their father and went home and lived happily ever after. Reference list Bottigheimer, R (1986). "Silenced Women in the Grimms' Tales: The 'Fit' Between Fairy Tales and Their Historical Context." Ruth Bottigheimer, ed. Fairy Tales and Society: Illusion, Allusion, and Paradigm. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. 115-31.
Campbell, J. & Colum, P. (2002) Grimm. Complete Fairy Tales, Oxon, Routledge.
Cinderella- Full Movie (2013) You Tube Video added by francesca zammit (Online) (accessed 24/03/13)
Donoghue, E. (2012). Kissing the Witch. Available: http://emmadonoghue.com/books/short-story-collections/kissing-the-witch.html. Last accessed 23/03/2013.
Gray, R. (2009) The Telegraph. Fairy Tales Have Ancient Origin. (Online), available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/6142964/Fairy-tales-have-ancient-origin.html (accessed 23/03/13)
Heiner, H. (2007) Fairy Tale Quotations, available at: http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/introduction/quotes.html (accessed 21/03/13)
Heiner, H. (2007) The Quest for the Earliest Fairy Tales: Searching for the Earliest Versions of European Fairy Tales with Commentary on English Translations (Online) available at: http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/introduction/earliesttales.html (accessed 22/03/13) Fairy Tales were originally more for adults it was not until the 19th century specifically 1819 when the Grimm's brothers started to make the tales more suited to children. (O' Sullivan, 2010)

Also during the 19th century Hans Christian Andersen from Denmark also became a well known Fairy Tale writer and his work is still known today. (Heiner, 2009)

Disney became a big part of the fairy tale genre. Grimm's tales were now becoming part of the cinema industry. The first animated feature of these tales was Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937). (Zipes, 1997)

Disney is still a revolutionary industry today and it was Disney who gave cinema life to tales such as Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, The Little Mermaid and many others. Grimm's versus Disney Grimm's versus Disney Provides background to Snow White.

Matured by the age of seven

Queen takes part in cannibalism eating the lungs and liver of a boar.

Snow White is alone in the forest and finds the cottage.

Cottage is clean and dinner prepared.

Dwarfs are not given separate identities.

Queen tries to kill her 3 times succeeds with the apple.

Placed in a glass coffin.

Dwarf trips when carrying the coffin and apple dislodges from her throat. Not told of Snow White's origin

Matured older maybe 14 because of romance

Cannibalism is omitted from this version because of children watching.

Snow White lead to the cottage by animals.

Cottage is dirty and disorganised.

Dwarfs all given separate names.

Queen only tries once and succeeds with an apple.

Placed in a glass coffin.

Saved by the prince's kiss because it was loves first kiss. (Inge, 2004) (Campbell & Colum, 2002) (Cinderella- Full Movie, 2013) (Walt Disney films - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), 2011) (Snow White and the Huntsman 2012 Trailer, 2011) Cinderella's mother dies and father remarries and has beautiful step daughters but vile

Father is present.

Cinderella makes wishes from the tree that is planted at her mother's grave.

Met prince on 3 different nights.

Stepsisters cut off their toes to try and fit into the shoes.

Stepsisters were punished as their eyes were pecked out.

Cinderella marries the prince. Cinderella's mother also dies and left with stepmother and two ugly step sisters.

Father is dead.

Cinderella has a fairy godmother to granted her wish to go to the ball and gives her all she needs.

Met the prince only on one night.

Stepsisters just tried on the shoes but when they didn't fit they give up.

Nothing happened the stepsisters. Cinderella married the prince and lived happily ever after. How have classics changed over time?

Over time fairy tales have changed and adapted to suit the generation they are being told in. For example add more blood to a scene in 2000 whereas in 1900s that would be frowned about and would be seen to 'scare' children.

John K Davis. (2009) states one example being Beauty and the Beast:
This fairytale having over 70 adaptions from its first release in 1740.

It is said to be the most symbolic fairytale after Cinderella 1740
First Version
of Beauty and the
Beast 1745
De Beaumonts version released,
similar to first but the beauty
more educational and less
'princess like' 1956
De Villenure version released
more 'fairytales' like as the
fairy appears more and beauty
is more princess like 1875
Walter Cranes version
released 1989
Andrew Langs version
relesaed 1899
La Belle et la Bete version
released 1906
Mercedes Lackey's version
released 1991
Disney version released What do Fairy Tales say about women Effects on the child reader How have female roles in Fairy Tales changed (Maggiore,2012)(Bottigheimer,1986) Unintelligent Emotional Clean Codependent Cook Reference list (Metz, 2003) Single No job Unrealistic expectations (Naples, 2013) (Javier, 2012)
(Donoghue, 2012) Inge, T., 2004. Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs: Art, Adaptation, and Ideology. Journal of Popular Film and Television , pp. 132-42.
Javier, L. (2012). Women in Fairy Tales. Available: http://forbookssake.net/2012/06/11/lets-get-critical-women-in-fairytales/. Last accessed 24/03/2013. Lecture. Gender and Society. 27 (1), 133-157.
Lieberman, M, (1989) "'Some Day My Prince Will Come': Female Acculturation through the Fairy Tale." Chapter 17. Jack Zipes. Don't Bet on the Prince. Contemporary Feminist Fairy Tales in North America and England. New York: Routledge. 185-200.
Maggiore , B (2012). Female discrimination in fairy tales. Rushia:. 2-9.
Metz, H. (2003). Fairy Tales Manipulate Women. Russian Fairy Tales. 1 (1), 1-10.
Naples, N. (2013). “It’s Not Fair!”: Discursive Politics, Social Justice and Feminist Praxis SWS Feminist
Oldfield, M. & Mitchinson, J. (2012) The Telegraph. QI: Some Quite Interesting Facts About Fairy Tales. (Online), available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/qi/9599865/QI-Some-quite-interesting-facts-about-fairy-tales.html (accessed 22/03/13)
O'Sullivan, E. (2010) Historical Dictionary Of Children's Literature, Plymouth, Scarecrow Press Inc.
Snow White and the Huntsman 2012 Trailer (2011) You Tube Video added by Joriben Zaballa (Online) (accessed 23/03/13)
Walt Disney films - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) - HD Trailer (2011) You Tube Video added by tura19781 (Online) (accessed 23/03/13)
Zipes, J. (1997) Happily Ever After. Fairy Tales, Children, And The Culture Industry, London, Routledge. Bruno Betlelhaim (1976)
The Uses of enchantment

He believes that children use fairy tales to help resolve conflict and help develop a coherent mature adulthood.

Tales are a way to make them more mature. The children learn
lessons from the hero's
and heroines.

Children see problems in real form. Reference List

Maria Tatar (1999). The Classic Fairytales. New York: Norton & Company,Inc. 3.
Altman & Gail de Vos (2001). Tales then and Now. USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. 6.
Jack Zipes (2006). Why fairy tales stick : the evolution and relevance of a genre. New York: Routledge. 100.
John K Davis. (2009). The various versions of Beauty and the Beast had their origins in mythology. From that beginning, it spread to many different countries and cultures. Read more at Suite101: Origins of Beauty and the . Available: http://suite101.com/article/origins-of-beauty-and-the-beast-a99755. Last accessed 23 March 2013.
Jeanne-Marie LePrince de Beaumont. (2011). Beauty and the Beast. Available: Jeanne-Marie LePrince de Beaumont. Last accessed 23 March 2013.
Bruno Betlelhaim (1976). The Uses of Enchantment. London: Doubleday Publishing.
Heidi Ann Heider. (2009). Hansel and Gretel. Available: http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/introduction/earliesttales.html. Last accessed 22nd March 2013
CS Kawan. (2012). The Grimm Brother Today. Kinder- und Hausmarchen (Children's and Fairytales) and its Legacy. 53 (4), 104. Settings in Fairy Tales Enchanted forest Castle Cottage
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