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Early Childhood Mental Health

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Sarah RC

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of Early Childhood Mental Health

Pregnancy Infancy Healthy Hearts and Minds for Children Zero to Six Social-Emotional Heath Begins in the womb Toddlers If social and emotional needs are met as an infant, a toddler will be better prepared to play alongside others. Toddlers without positive social and emotional skills are at risk of having aggression. (Attachment, Self-Regulation) Toddlers show positive social development by:
Showing interests in particular peers (A-R)
Showing affection for caregivers or friends (A-R)
Showing interest in others around him/her (A-R)
Smiling and laughing with others (A-R, SR) Infant Activity Toddler Activity Connection with familiar people gives a toddler a sense that she is important and safe. Learning social skills increases ability to talk, work with others and learn new things. (Initiative) An infant shows healthy emotions by:
Exploring with enthusiasm (I)
Giggling and crying (SR)
Turning away from a stranger (A)
Having tantrums when routines are changed (SR) When an parent/caregiver is in tune with the emotions of their infant, he or she will be better able to communicate better when he or she is a toddler. (Self-Regulation and Initiative) A toddler will show emotional health by:
Seeking help from an adult (A)
Sharing laughter and smiles (SR)
Working through challenges (I)
Expressing emotions positivity (SR, R) Social Health
Being able to tolerate separation for longer periods of time (some separation anxiety)
•Making friends
•Playing with, not just alongside other children
•Challenges authority to test independence
•Follow directions and rules
•Tattling and arguments Kindergarten and First Grade Things Caregivers Do To Support... Infancy Red Flag: Crying Preschool
• Growing independence (I,SR)
• Increasing skills (I)
• Wanting approval (A)
• Exploration, imagination(I)
• Loves to make choices (I)
• Growing attention span
and memory(SR)
• Learning right from wrong (SR) What Parents Can do:
•Encourage independence
but don’t have unrealistic
• Show respect towards
• Validate Feelings and Encourage Feelings
• Listen to your child (even if you don’t want to)
• Showing flexibility, consistency and firmness
• Set limits Encouragement, sense of safety, validation of feelings Enables preschooler to learn independence and be successful in school (socially, academically) •Knows the difference between fantasy and reality (SR)
•Increasing skills in problem solving (I, SR) • Can show empathy and takes more interest in others (A)
• Enjoys talking with you, telling stories, and asking questions, telling jokes (I)
• Wants more control over his world and may get into power struggles with you. (A, I, SR)
• Can spend more time alone and have long play dates (SR)
• Has a sense of what it means to be a member of a community (A) •Learning about how older kids and adults do (I)
•Working out friendships (A)
•Eager for approval (A, SR)
Smiles at Adults (AR, SR)
Coos and laughs when family member talks or sings (A, SR)
Responds to positive attention from adult that he or she knows (A)
Responds to comforting voice, smells, and touches (A, SR) What is the Purpose of Crying? What was fostered in infancy? What was fostered as a toddler? What was fostered as a preschooler?
S ttachment and Relationships nitiative esilience elf-Regulation Important Factors Attachment, Iniative, Resiliency, Self-Regulation Preschool Activity Emotional Health Birth to 3 months Recognizing faces, sounds
Begins cooing, gurgling, grunting
Smiling begins around 5 weeks
Loves to listen and watch what others are doing 3 to 6 Months Beginning to show strong preferences for primary caregivers
Enjoys being touched
Enjoys seeing self in mirror
Enjoys repeating sounds 6 to 9 Months Baby may enjoy comfort objects
Authority Testing begins (curiosity)
Exploration increases
Separation Anxiety Increases 10 to 12 Months Encourage talking
Simple directions (boundaries and helping)
Interested in other people/babies
Imitating adults Why do humans cry? What is emotional health? What is social health? Social
Baby can tolerate and enjoy less attention from caregivers
Able to express basic emotions like excitement and frustration
Stranger anxiety appears
Laughter increases Social Emotional 13 Months to 18 Months Hiding games
Give and take games
Separation Anxiety continues
Power struggles
Body language
Rules Bonding and Trusting Experimenting and Exploring Potty Training
Not sharing
Increasing verbal skills
Firm grasp of "No" 19 to 23 Months 24 to 35 Months Awareness of where things/people are
Parallel play and friends
Demands and bossiness
Lying 3 Years Cooperative play
Playing out trauma
Noticing differences
Magical Thinking
Better sense of time Questions/Comments? Baby spends a lot of time eating and sleeping
Learning routines and what to expect from caregivers (caregivers regulate emotions)
Regulating bodily functions Emotional
Empathy begins
Baby may imitate moods
Exploration increases
Memory Increases
Personality Emerges Social Emotional
More emotions
New fears
Independence Social Emotional Cause and effect
Security Objects
Tantrums Social Emotional Frustration
Visualize things going on beyond self
Hitting, biting, pushing Social Emotional Emotions are huge!
Fear Social Emotional What can infants do? Activity What Can Toddlers Do?
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