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English 9: Poetry Analysis Unit

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Josh Aldrich

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of English 9: Poetry Analysis Unit

English 9
November 4-22, 2013

Monday Warm-up
Everyone knows the person on Facebook who ONLY posts song lyrics to express his/her emotions
Well, I'd like you to be that guy.
Using your laptops, look up the lyrics of your favorite songs and pick one song that really sticks out to you.
Maybe you feel an emotional connection with the singer or perhaps the lyrics just make for great poetry. Doesn't matter.
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines
I keep a close watch on this heart of mine
I keep my eyes wide open all the time
I keep the ends out for the tie that binds
Because you're mine, I walk the line
Repetition of the initial sounds of adjacent words
Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, / Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before
Repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds of nearby words.
We claw(ed), we chain(ed) our hearts in vain
We jump(ed) never asking why
We kiss(ed), I fell under your spell...
Don't you ever say I just walk(ed) away
Giving human characteristics to something nonhuman.
"The only monster here is the gambling monster that has enslaved your mother! I call him Gamblor, and it's time to snatch your mother from his neon claws!"
Visually descriptive or figurative language (involves the 5 senses)
For here I am sitting in a tin can
Far above the world. Planet Earth is blue
And there's nothing I can do.
Ground Control to Major Tom
Your circuit's dead, there's something wrong...
Use of exaggeration.
My world revolves around you
It's so hard for me to breathe
If you ain't here, I just can't breathe
No air, no air
Correspondence of sound between words or the ending of words
Swag, swag, swag on you
Chilling by the fire while we eating fondue
I don't know about me but I know about you
A reference to a person, place, event, or story -- real or fictional.
We were both young when I first saw you.
I'm standing there on the balcony in summer air.
Little did I know that you were my _____.
Repetition of internal vowel sounds of words close together in poetry.
(I)'ve got the (EYE) of the (TI)ger
a (FI)ghter
dancing through the (FI)re
Simile &
Simile: comparing two things using "like" or "as"
It's like your my mirror,
My mirror staring back at me...
Girl, you're my reflection, all I see is you
My reflection in everything I do
Metaphor: comparing two things
A repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song.
So just hold on we're going home (going home)
It's hard to do these things alone
Just hold on, we're going home
A smaller unit or verse within a poem or song.
Now the signals we send are deflected again
We're still connected, but are we even friends?
We fell in love when I was 19
And I was staring at a screen.
The continuation of a sentence without a pause at the end of a line or stanza.
Its loveliness increases; it will never
Pass into nothingness; but still will keep
A bower quiet for us
Word that imitates or suggests the sound that it describes.
Dog goes woof, cat goes meow
Bird goes tweet, and mouse goes squeak
Cow goes moo. Frog goes croak,
and the elephant goes toot.
Poster Projects
Your poster should include:
Definition of your term.
At least 2-3 examples.
A creative illustration of your term.
Be creative! Or else...
The winning group will receive HOWLs, Jolly Ranchers, and a puppy (2 out of 3 of these things are true).
These posters should represent your BEST work. They will be graded and you will present them at the end of Block 1.
You will make a poster based on your term.
Each group will be assigned one poetry term to research.
Journals are due TODAY. Please make a pile in front of the turn in boxes at the end of class.
A Hour Groups
1. Heather & Cuinasia (Anaphora)
2. Bonito, Dan, & Justin (Allusion)
3. John, Mariah, & Monty (Alliteration)
4. Eddiy & Jenna (Assonance)
5. Max, MaKayla, & David (Consonance)
6. Brennen, Emma, & Christian (Onomatopoeia)
7. Andrew & Trent (Personification)
8. Miquel & Danait (Hyperbole)
9. Chelsea & Jessica (Simile/Metaphor)
10. Sheylin & Rebekah (Imagery)
11. Kim & Jean (Enjambment)
12. Anna, Reuben, & Stephanie (Rhyme)
13. Hunter & Kevin (Stanza)
B Hour Groups
1. Hope & D'metrik (Anaphora)
2. Charles & Jo (Allusion)
3. Orion & Sophiee (Alliteration)
4. Katie & Frank (Onomatopoeia)
5. Nelson & Carter (Consonance)
6. Jake & Jordan (Assonance)
7. Ben & Mekseb (Personification)
8. Kyle & Keryn (Hyperbole)
9. Marquise & Sebastian (Simile/Metaphor)
10. Tia & Meghan (Imagery)
11. Miguel & Leslie (Enjambment)
12. Max, Dan, & Franciss (Rhyme)
E Hour Groups
1. Lilly, Tiquan, & Kalina (Anaphora)
2. Rahma & Rileigh (Allusion)
3. Allyssa & Tegan (Alliteration)
4. Brandon & Jason (Assonance)
5. KeShondra & Emily (Consonance)
6. Ariel & Nate (Onomatopoeia)
7. Chardanay & Jesus (Personification)
8. Jose, Liz, & Juan Carlos (Hyperbole)
9. Greyson & Henry (Simile/Metaphor)
10. Austin & Jonathon (Imagery)
11. Abby & Breanna (Enjambment)
12. Zach & Dejah (Rhyme)
There will be a quiz over poetic forms and effects during Block 2.
Monday's Agenda
Warm-up: Find song lyrics
Lecture: Defining poetic terms and effects
Please take notes on your laptop or within your Writer's Notebook.
Break into groups of 2-3 (assigned by Mr. A)
Begin work on Poetic Effects posters (due Block 1)
Exit: Show your idea to Mr. A, Mrs. Stroven, or Miss Eggleston
I can identify and analyze poetic terms and effects.
Tuesday Agenda
Get into your groups and begin working on your posters. Markers and pencils are up front.
Remember, your posters need:
2-3 examples (different from the Prezi)
Illustration of your term
Mrs. Stroven and Mr. Aldrich will be here for any questions you have.
We will check in with you after 45 minutes.
Be prepared to present (and vote) at the end class.
Block 2
1. Finish presentations (if needed)
2. Poetry Terms Quiz
3. Analyzing poetic devices
“Under the Bridge”
by The Red Hot Chili Peppers

Sometimes I feel
Like I don't have a partner
Sometimes I feel
Like my only friend
Is the city I live in
The city of Angels
Lonely as I am
Together we cry

I drive on her streets
'Cause she's my companion
I walk through her hills
'Cause she knows who I am
She sees my good deeds and
She kisses me windy and
I never worry
Now that is a lie

I don't ever wanna feel
Like I did that day
Take me to the place I love
Take me all the way
I don't ever want to feel
Like I did that day
Take me to the place I love
Take me all that way (yeah yeah yeah)
What do you think
this song is about?

What feelings or
attitudes are

Describe the
portrayed in the song.
Which poetic
devices are used?

Sometimes I feel lonely. Sometimes
I feel like I don’t have any friends.
I live in Los Angeles and in that city
I sometimes cry.

I drive the streets of Los Angeles.
I walk through the hills outside of L.A.
I am familiar with the city.
I feel the wind in the city.
If I told you I never worry,
I would be lying.

I don’t ever want to feel
like I did that day.
Take me to the place I enjoy.

What happens to the song when the poetic
devices are removed? What is lost? How does
the "feel" of the song change?
Your Turn!
1. Find a song in which you can identify at least 3 poetic devices.

2. Copy the lyrics into a Google Doc or write the lyrics on a piece of paper.

3. Label the 3 or more poetic devices you have identified.

4. Re-write the song, removing any and all poetic devices.

5. Write a paragraph that explains what happens to the song when you eliminate the poetic devices. Refer to specific devices/examples. For example, if you removed the use of personification from the song, how did that--specifically--change the song?
Milk's favorite cookie.
of tinfoil
winking like people.
We shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields...
we shall fight in the hills.
We shall never surrender.
"I was not born in a manger. I was actually born on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jor-el, to save the Planet Earth."
"Good men are gruff and grumpy, cranky, crabby, and cross."
He Clasps
the Crag with
CrooKed hands
"It's so fluffy, I'm gonna die!!!"
She had a deep, genuine laugh, like that sound a dog makes just before it throws up.
'Cause, baby, you're a firework
Come on, show them what you're worth

The eerie silence was shattered by her scream.
Will it ever stop? Yo – I don't know
Turn off the lights and I'll glow
To the extreme I rock a mic like a vandal
Light up a stage and wax a chump like a candle.
The sun is on my side
Take me for a ride
It was an American tradition, like fathers chasing kids around with power tools.
Mr. Sherman shampooed the sheep from Sherpa.
every night,
in every way,
I am getting better and better
Article of the Week
Article of the Week
There will be a second quiz over poetry terms and effects during Block 1. It will follow the same format as last week's.
You MUST have a book for Independent Reading starting Block 1. You will receive a grade for reading one book a month.
AOW and Grammar Paragraphs will be due every Friday.
1. Read the article
2. Annotate the article
Main idea(s)
Interesting or significant supporting facts, details, explanation
Challenging words
Your thoughts and questions
3. Respond to the Moodle forum question by Friday
A new weekly routine!
Spongebob is such an amazing show.
Mr. Sherman loves it more than freshly fallen snow and puppies.
Take 20 minutes to complete the quiz.
When you are finished, please begin your Independent Reading book.
Block 1 Warm-up
Poetic Forms Project
You will be divided into groups of 3-4 people.
Each group will be assigned a different type of poem to research and write.
Each type of poem has a different set of "rules" for rhyme and line order.
It is YOUR job to figure out the structure and to write the poem together.
Poetry Forms
14 lines
Rhyme scheme (pattern)
Iambic pentameter (that heartbeat rhythm, baby)
A poem that is written to honor or mourn the loss of a person or thing. Generally, these poems are sad, serious, somber, melancholy, poignant.

Traditional Japanese poem
Three lines 5-7-5
1st line has five syllables
2nd line has seven syllables
3rd line has five syllables
Inspired by the Japanese Haiku
Five lines (think cinco)
Sometimes follows specific syllable patterns (ie. 2-4-6-8-2)
Poem that tells a story (often love stories or adventure stories)
Usually contains several short (3 to 4 lines) stanzas
Usually contains a refrain
Often uses rhyme
Write down the poetic form for each type of poem.

Please do not shout it out!

Freeway overpass--
Blossoms in graffiti on
Fog-wrapped June mornings.

by Michael R. Collings
The night
Still as it was
Heard an ominous buzz
Buzzing, growing louder, growling
Don't move.
Poetry Forms Quiz
Record your answers on your answer sheet.

Please make sure you name is at the top.
Look up…
From bleakening hills
Blows down the light, first breath
Of wintry wind…look up, and scent
The snow!
by Adelaide Crapsy

So are you to my thoughts as food to life,
Or as sweet-season'd showers are to the ground;
And for the peace of you I hold such strife
As 'twixt a miser and his wealth is found;
Now proud as an enjoyer and anon
Doubting the filching age will steal his treasure,
Now counting best to be with you alone,
Then better'd that the world may see my pleasure;
Sometime all full with feasting on your sight
And by and by clean starved for a look;
Possessing or pursuing no delight,
Save what is had or must from you be took.
Thus do I pine and surfeit day by day,
Or gluttoning on all, or all away.
"Report Card" by Brian Cleary

Four days of the year,
One tiny piece of paper
Turns my stomach sour.
Strong, beautiful
Imposing, protecting, watching
Symbolizes wealth and power
Casey at the Bat

by Ernest Lawrence Thayer

The outlook wasn't brilliant for the Mudville nine that day:
The score stood four to two, with but one inning more to play,
And then when Cooney died at first, and Barrows did the same,
A pall-like silence fell upon the patrons of the game.

A straggling few got up to go in deep despair. The rest
Clung to the hope which springs eternal in the human breast;
They thought, "If only Casey could but get a whack at that—
We'd put up even money now, with Casey at the bat."

But Flynn preceded Casey, as did also Jimmy Blake,
And the former was a hoodoo, while the latter was a cake;
So upon that stricken multitude grim melancholy sat,
For there seemed but little chance of Casey getting to the bat.

But Flynn let drive a single, to the wonderment of all,
And Blake, the much despisèd, tore the cover off the ball;
And when the dust had lifted, and men saw what had occurred,
There was Jimmy safe at second and Flynn a-hugging third.

Then from five thousand throats and more there rose a lusty yell;
It rumbled through the valley, it rattled in the dell;
It pounded on the mountain and recoiled upon the flat,
For Casey, mighty Casey, was advancing to the bat.

109 'One morn I missed him on the customed hill,
110 'Along the heath and near his favourite tree;
111 'Another came; nor yet beside the rill,
112 'Nor up the lawn, nor at the wood was he;

113 'The next with dirges due in sad array
114 'Slow through the church-way path we saw him borne.
115 'Approach and read (for thou can'st read) the lay,
116 'Graved on the stone beneath yon aged thorn.'

The Epitaph

117 Here rests his head upon the lap of earth
118 A youth to fortune and to fame unknown.
119 Fair Science frowned not on his humble birth,
120 And Melancholy marked him for her own.

121 Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere,
122 Heaven did a recompense as largely send:
123 He gave to Misery all he had, a tear,
124 He gained from Heaven ('twas all he wished) a friend.

125 No farther seek his merits to disclose,
126 Or draw his frailties from their dread abode,
127 (There they alike in trembling hope repose)
128 The bosom of his Father and his God.
I was in that fire,
The room was dark and somber.
I sleep peacefully.

by Andrew Mancinelli
Three thirty in the morning
Not a soul insight
The city's lookin' like a ghost town
On a moonless summer night
Raindrops on the windshield
There's a storm moving in
He's headin' back from somewhere
That he never should have been
And the thunder rolls
And the thunder rolls

Every light is burnin'
In a house across town
She's pacin' by the telephone
In her faded flannel gown
Askin' for miracle
Hopin' she's not right
Prayin' it's the weather
That's kept him out all night
And the thunder rolls
And the thunder rolls

The thunder rolls
And the lightnin' strikes
Another love grows cold
On a sleepless night
As the storm blows on
Out of control
Deep in her heart
The thunder rolls

She's waitin' by the window
When he pulls into the drive
She rushes out to hold him
Thankful he's alive
But on the wind and rain
A strange new perfume blows
And the lightnin' flashes in her eyes
And he knows that she knows
And the thunder rolls
And the thunder rolls

The thunder rolls

And the lightnin' strikes
Another love grows cold
On a sleepless night
As the storm blows on
Out of control
Deep in her heart
The thunder rolls

by G. Brooks
When most I wink, then do mine eyes best see,
For all the day they view things unrespected;
But when I sleep, in dreams they look on thee,
And darkly bright, are bright in dark directed.
Then thou, whose shadow shadows doth make bright,
How would thy shadow's form form happy show
To the clear day with thy much clearer light,
When to unseeing eyes thy shade shines so!
How would, I say, mine eyes be blessed made
By looking on thee in the living day,
When in dead night thy fair imperfect shade
Through heavy sleep on sightless eyes doth stay!
All days are nights to see till I see thee,
And nights bright days when dreams do show thee me.
The Death of a Toad
by Richard Wilbur

A toad the power mower caught,
Chewed and clipped of a leg, with a hobbling hop has got
To the garden verge, and sanctuaried him
Under the cineraria leaves, in the shade
Of the ashen and heartshaped leaves, in a dim,
Low, and a final glade.

The rare original heartsblood goes,
Spends in the earthen hide, in the folds and wizenings, flows
In the gutters of the banked and staring eyes. He lies
As still as if he would return to stone,
And soundlessly attending, dies
Toward some deep monotone,

Toward misted and ebullient seas
And cooling shores, toward lost Amphibia's emperies.
Day dwindles, drowning and at length is gone
In the wide and antique eyes, which still appear
To watch, across the castrate lawn,
The haggard daylight steer.
Today's Agenda
The Emperor's New Groove
Article of the Week/ Grammar
Poetry Forms
Poetry Forms Quiz
Please take notes, ask questions, participate. You will be quizzed over the forms of poetry towards the end of class.
Monday, November 18
Grammar/AOW groups
Read "Problems and Inconveniences"
Rewrite Ed's monologue in groups
Rehearse skits in groups
Tone and word choice analysis
Problems and Inconveniences
I need two actors to help me out.
What is the
of Branislav's rant?
Tone = writer/speaker's attitude toward his or her subject, characters, or audience
While we perform the scene, please read the script and, in the margins, write down some emotions that come to mind while you read this scene.
Rewriting the Scene
Break up into groups of 3 and rewrite Branislav's monologue using
of the following "tones":
Comedic (joking around)
Melancholy (depressed)
Delirious (losing your mind)
Gentle (understanding)
Frightened (scared of your boss)
Your monologue should have the same topic (a guy who is fed up with bad food and a terrible job) but everything else can (and should) be changed. Change the words, expand or cut out certain ideas, make it your own!
10 minutes. Go.
Now, go back through your new monologue and underline any words or phrases that you changed to fit your tone.
After you have done this, please choose one person in your group to deliver the monologue to the class.
5 minutes. Go.
What We Have Learned...
How did the monologues that you wrote differ from the original monologue in the script?
Which words or phrases did you change or add to fit your tone?
Tone and Word Choice
Choose 3 poems in the WPPT (we'll get to that later) packet to analyze for tone and word choice.
Go through each poem and highlight/circle/mark words that contribute to the tone of the poem.
Respond using the "Analyzing Tone" sheet (
due Block 1
What is the tone of each poem that you chose? How do you know? What pictures come to mind when you read it?
Which words did you circle or highlight? How did these words affect the "mood" of the poem?
WPTT! Chart
Block 1
Independent Reading
Rehearse monologues
Perform remaining monologues
Discussion: How do we analyze tone?
Read WPPT poem packet
Complete tone analysis sheet
Introduce WPPT chart
Complete WPPT chart for poem of your choosing.
Test Review
Group 1: Flashcards
Group 2: Poetry Terms Battle
Block 2
Create flashcards for the poetic
devices and poetic forms terms.

Each flashcard must have:
Term (on the front of the card)
Definition and example (on the back of the card)

Examples may come from your notes, quizzes, or the internet.
Independent Reading
Group WPPT Analysis - "Mirrors"
Individual WPPT Analysis - "This Broken Down World"
Test review
AOW forum and grammar sheets
Your goal is to stump the other team.

1. As a group, create 10 questions. Questions may fall into the following categories:
Definition--you provide a definition, the other group must guess the term
Term--you provide a term, the other team must provide the definition.
Example--you provide an example, the other team must guess the term

2. Time to Battle--alternate asking each other your questions. 1 point for each correct answer.
This Broken Down World
Now, try it out on your own.
For the paragraph, please respond to the following prompt:
What is the poet’s view on poverty? What is the tone of the poem? How do you know?
Friday, November 22
Test Day
You have 55 minutes to complete the test.
If you finish early, make sure that you have completed the AOW forum or your paragraph edit sheet.
Grammar group
: Please turn in paragraph edit sheets to the box on your way out today.
No AOW or grammar next week.
If you finish your AOW or grammar assignment, keep reading your IR book.
You may listen to music
you finish the test (
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