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Macbeth: Elements of a Shakespearean Tragedy
Transcript of Macbeth: Elements of a Shakespearean Tragedy
A Tragic hero appears in a Tragedy where they have a Tragic Flaw that ultimately leads to self-destruction.
A Tragic Flaw is a trait inhabited by the Tragic Hero of a Tragedy.
An antagonist is usually the principal character in opposition to the protagonist, or hero of a narrative or drama. The antagonist can also be a force of nature.
A catastrophe is a momentous tragic event ranging from extreme misfortune to utter overthrow or ruin.
Comic relief consists of humorous scenes, incidents, or speeches that are included in a serious drama to provide a reduction in emotional intensity. Because it breaks the tension, comic relief allows the audience to prepare emotionally for events to come.
A soliloquy is a speech in a dramatic work in which a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud. Usually the character is on the stage alone, not speaking to other characters and perhaps not even consciously addressing the audience.
In drama, an aside is a short speech directed to the audience, or another character, that is not heard by the other characters on stage.
Dramatic Irony occurs when the reader or viewer knows something that the character does not know.
Foreshadowing is a writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later in a story. This creates suspense, but prepares the reader or viewer for what is to come.
A theme is an underlying message that the writer wants the reader to understand. It is a perception about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader. In most cases, themes are not stated directly but must be inferred. In addition, there may be more than one theme in a work of literature.
"Knock, knock, knock! Who's there? Faith, here's an English tailor come hither for stealing out of a French hose. Come in, tailor. Here you may roast your goose." (Act II, Scene III, lines 9-11)
"Accursèd be that tongue that tells me so,
For it hath cowed my better part of man!
And be these juggling fiends no more believed,
That palter with us in a double sense,
That keep the word of promise to our ear,
And break it to our hope. I'll not fight with thee."
(Act 5, Scene 8, lines 17-22)
"If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir."
(Act 1, Scene 3, lines 143-144)
"To know my deed 'twere best not know myself.
Wake Duncan with thy knocking. I would thou couldst."
(Act 2, scene 2, lines 71-72)
"Come, we'll to sleep. My strange and self-abuse
Is the initiate fear that wants hard use.
We are yet but young in deed."
(Act 3, scene 4, lines 142-144)
"First Witch. All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Glamis!
Second Witch. All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor!
Third Witch. All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!"
(Act 1, scene 3, lines 48-50)
"Macduff. Despair thy charm,
And let the angel whom thou still hast served
Tell thee Macduff was from his mother's womb
Untimely ripped." (Act 5, Scene 8, lines 13-16)
"...While's I threat, he lives.
Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives.
I go, and it is done. The bell invited me.
Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell
That summons thee to heaven or to hell."
(Act 2, Scene 3, lines 59-63) -When Macbeth kills for the first time.
"I throw my warlike shield. Lay on, Macduff,
And damned be him that first cries "Hold! Enough!""
Act 5, Scene 8, lines 33-34) -Macbeth's last words before Macduff kill him.
"Here's a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell gate, he should have old turning the key. [Knock] Knock, knock, knock! Who's there, i' th' name of Beelzebub? Here's a farmer that hanged himself on th' expectation of plenty. Come in time! Have napkins enough about you; here you'll sweat for 't." (Act 2, Scene 3, lines 1-5)
"Macbeth. [Aside] Time, thou anticipat'st my dread exploits...
Come bring me where they are."
(Act 4, Scene 1, lines 144-156)
"Malcom. [Aside to Donalbain] Why do we hold our tongues,
That most may claim this argument for ours?"
Act 2, Scene 3, lines 113-114)
"Macbeth. [Aside] then comes my fit again. I had else been perfect,
Whole as the marble, founded as the rock,
As broad and general as the casing air.
But now I am cabined, cribbed, confined, bound in
To saucy doubts and fears.--But Banquo's safe?"
(Act 3, scene 4, lines 21-25)
"Macbeth. [To Lady Macbeth] Sweet remembrancer!--
Now, good digestion wait on appetite
And health on both!
(Act 3, scene 4, lines 38-40)
"Duncan. Give me your hand.
[Taking her hand]
Conduct me to mine host. We love him highly
And shall continue our graces towards him.
By your leave, hostess."
(Act 1, Scene 6, lines 28-31) Duncan is so happy to be there but has no idea that Macbeth plans to kill him.
"Lady Macbeth. Wash your hands. Put on your nightgown. Look not so
pale. I tell you yet again, Banquo's buried; he cannot come out on's
(Act 5, Scene 2, lines 49-51) The audience know what has been done, but the gentlewoman and doctor do not.
"My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical, Shakes so my single state of man that function Is smother'd in surmise, and nothing is But what is not." (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 139-142)
"...I have no spur
To prick the sides of my intent, but only
Vaulting ambition, which o'erlaps itself
And falls on th' other---"
(Act 1, Scene 7, lines 25-28)
"Third Witch. thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.
So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!"
(Act 1, Scene 3, Lines 67-68)
"I am Thane of Cawdor.
If good, why do I yield to that suggestin
Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair
And make my seated heart knock at my ribs
Against the use of nature?"
(Act 1, Scene 3, lines 133-1137)