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American Indians in North Carolina

Presentation on American Indian populations in North Carolina geared towards elementary school-aged children.

Teryn Smith

on 3 October 2016

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Transcript of American Indians in North Carolina

American Indians in North Carolina
What is your culture?
What is important in your culture?
What Do American Indians in NC Do?
We participate in events to educate people about our cultures...
American Indians in NC
NC has 8 state-recognized tribes and the
largest Indian population east of the Mississippi River
According to the 2010 census, there are
122,110 American Indians
in North Carolina.

There are many different
Indian tribes.

American Indians are
not just part of history

There are many American Indians today.

We are alive and well and living alongside
everyone else.

We have different cultures, traditions, customs, languages, histories, religions and priorities.

75-80% of Indians in the USA are ‘urban Indians’.
They do not live on reservations.
What Do American Indians in NC Do?
Participate on committees and in conferences to help our people live healthy lifestyles, find housing, economic development & entrepreneurship, education, leadership and senior services.

Healthy Native North Carolinians
NC Indians Senior Citizens Coalition Conference
2013 NC Unity Conference
What Do American Indians In NC Do?
Some tribes and Indian people participate in or hold powwows. Some do not. To dance in a powwow, you wear regalia.

John Herrington, Chickasaw
Sherman Alexie, Spokane/Coeur D'Alene
Writer & Poet
Chris Eyre, Cheyenne/Arapahoe
Filmmaker & Director
Charly Lowry, Lumbee
Dr. Amy Locklear Hertel, Lumbee/Coharie
Director of UNC American Indian Center
Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Northern Cheyenne
American Indian Science & Engineering Society
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
Members of the Eastern Band remained in NC
after their kinsmen were forced west to Oklahoma
in the Trail of Tears
Today, there are more than
13,000 enrolled members

Their home is the 56,000-acre Qualla Boundary, adjacent to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Qualla Boundary
includes the town of Cherokee, as well as several other communities.

2013-14 Cherokee Lady Braves varsity basketball team
Recreational Facility
The Coharie Tribal Center is in Clinton, NC
Coharie River in
2,700 members
with about 20 percent residing outside the tribal communities
2011-2012 Coharie Scholarship Pageant
The Haliwa-Saponi are direct descendents of the Saponi, Tuscarora, Tutelo and Nansemond Indians
3,800 members
, third-largest tribe in NC
The tribe resides primarily in the area traditionally known by elders as “The Meadows"
Halifax County

and rural
Warren County.

Artist Senora Lynch - 'The Gift' walkway at UNC-CH
The Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School
2014 Graduates of the Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School
Chief Patrick Lambert
What Jobs Do American Indians Have?
The Lumbee Tribe is the
largest tribe
in NC, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River and the 9th largest in the nation.
More than
55,000 members

Robeson, Hoke, Cumberland
Scotland counties
Lumbee Pinecone Patchwork is representative of a time of prosperity, quilting, traditional cultural, and life ways
Lumber River
"People of the Dark Water"
Ties to the land, community
& kinship
The Lumbee take their name from the
Lumber River originally known as the
Lumbee, which winds its way
through Robeson County.

Meherrin are an Iroquois Nation that share allegiance, culture, traditions and language with the Tuscarora, Nottoway, Cherokee, and other Haudenosaunee Nation
The Meherrins reside in a number of small communities in
Hertford, Bertie, Gates

Dressed for Powwow
Site of the primary Meherrin village in Virginia
called "Kauwets'a:ka." 

The Meherrin refer to themselves
as Kauwets’a:ka, pronounced
(gau went ch-AAga),
“People of the Water.”

Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation

The Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation is located in
Orange counties
, in the old "Texas" Community
800 members
, the Occaneechi are the smallest of the officially state-recognized tribes
Tribal members are active in their community and at statewide Indian events
The Occaneechi, as well as other tribes, have started initiatives to improve health, such as healthy eating and gardens.
The only tribe in NC whose traditional homelands, the High Plains, cross the border of another state,
Person County, NC
Halifax County, VA

The Sappony Tribe’s
850 members
are made up of seven families, or clans.
The Sappony living in High Plains grew tobacco as a primary subsistence crop. Farming, along with
their Indian church and school, allowed the
community to remain self-sufficient.

Sappony 5K & Youth Camp
Other events: Homecoming, Fall Stew, Quilting Bee, Tree of Lights
High Plains School
Sappony Tribal Center
Calvary Baptist Church
What do you think about these? Are they accurate?
Do they look like the Indians in the real photos I showed?
How do you think Indian people feel about it?
What is something you learned about American Indians in NC today?
Chief Ogletree Richardson
Chairman Harvey Godwin, Jr.
Chief Wayne Brown
Tribal Chair Tony Hayes
Chief Otis Martin
Waccamaw Siouan
According to the Waccamaw Siouan Indians, thousands of years ago, an immense meteor appeared in the night sky toward the southwest. Flaming to a brilliance of innumerable suns as it hurtled earthward, the meteor finally struck, burning itself deep within the earth. The waters of the surrounding swamps and rivers flowed into the crater and cooled it, creating Lake Waccamaw, a gem blue, verdant green lake.

After the Waccamaw and South Carolina War in 1749, the Waccamaw sought refuge in the swamplands of North Carolina.
The present day Waccamaw Siouan Nation is located in
Bladen counties
2,000 citizens
Situated on the edge of the Green Swamp about 37 miles west of Wilmington, seven miles east of Lake Waccamaw and four
miles north of Bolton.
"People of the Fallen Star" and the Origin of Lake Waccamaw
Elders teaching youth how to quilt
An Honoring ceremony of our visionary's of the past and present in the Buckhead Fire Dept. was held at the fire dept.
Sappony Council and Officers
Lumbee Tribal Council
Tribal Administrator Greg Jacobs
Waccamaw Siouan Tribal Leaders
Waccamaw Siouan Tribal Center
Chief Gene Jacobs
Photo credit: Jennifer Hollar Photography
Activity: What would your insignia look like?
Indian Schools in North Carolina
In 1885, the NC General Assembly passed
legislation which established separate schools
for the Indians of Robeson County
(now known as the Lumbee)
In 1887, Croatan Normal School opened its doors
for them in Pembroke, NC (and is now UNC-Pembroke)
Over the next 100 years, other Indian communities
in the State were successful in establishing schools.

High Plains Indian School
Croatan Normal School
East Carolina Indian School

Sampson County
Person County
Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School
Warren and Halifax Counties
Pottery Art
Many programs for youth including the
Lumbee Teen
Impact Group and Boys & Girls Clubs
There are 567 federally recognized tribes in the U.S. and over 600 total tribes in the U.S.
Full transcript