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Asian and Middle East Literature
Transcript of Asian and Middle East Literature
Asia is noted as the biggest of the seven continents of the world and also known for the most thickly populated , with about nearly three fifths of the world's total population.
Asia is the cradle of the human race, of civilization, of the world religions. . The family is the smallest yet the most important unit of society in Asian countries. The Asian Family is a social institution where members are closely bound, who shows love and respect to one another.
-is a region loosely defined by geography and culture whish is located in South-Western Asia and North-Eastern Africa.
-It is consists of approximately 20 countries, which has many different religions and variety of ethnic and linguistic groups.
Middle East: An Introduction
-it contains about 65% of he worlds oil reserves and thus serves as the region's main exporter of oil.
-It is the birthplace of all monotheistic religions like Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Middle East: An Introduction
Middle East: An Introduction
Plays a large part in the rhythm of daily life not only through prayer and study but also in determining the end of the work week.
The multiplicity of languages spoken in the Middle East reflects its ethnic diversity. Most of the Languages come from the three major language families.
Middle Easteners value the family so much as part of their culture. This is evidenced through their extended family ties.
Middle East considered as the modern world's most strategically, economically, politically, and culturally sensitive area, as it possesses huge stocks of crude oil.
- is a concatenation of culture that could be loosely separated into the literature of the Arabs and the Persians.
- birthplace of two of the greatest monotheistic religions in the world.
The Literature of Middle East
Bible of Christianity and Koran of Islam
- Middle East pride, two of the greatest literary output ever produced by any civilization, Young and Old.
A. Arabic Literature
- have rich albeit violent, historical process
The Golden Odes (Mu'llaqat)
Pre-Islamic nomadic odes
- where Arabic Literature starts
- book of the prophet.
- traditions concerning the prophet Muhammad's life and the appication of and religious philosophy of Islam.
B. Persian Literature
- also known as Iran
- "Land of barren plains and nomadic life"
Asia: An Introduction
Zoroastrinism (600 BC)
-earliest written works.
-one of the untranslatable book in the world.
-responsible for single-handedly ushering in the dawn of the Literary age
The Book of Kings (11th century)
-this book narrates the entire legendary past of Iran
Arabian Nights (Persian in Origin)
has enjoyed wide readership.
The Prophet by Kahlil Gibran of Lebanon
-most popular book in modern Middle East Literature
The Epic of Gilgamesh
-almost 300 years old
Other Literary works of Middle East:
1. Palestinian Like Me by Yoram Binur
2. The Diameter of the Bomb by Yehuda Amichai
3. Elegy for a Woman of no Importance
4. Sound of Birds
Art plays a vital part in the lives of the Asian people as they express their aristocratic ideals. Their interpretation of life and nature as well as their ideas and feelings are expressed through art. For the Asian people art means and considered as the mirror of the soul for it is the key to understanding the Asian Spirit.
Asia's Economy is predominantly agricultural but has made Asia the world's fastest economic region.
The Literature of Asia is no less diverse than any other literatures in the world. The continent's rich in cultural heritages and histories have made it among the unique and exotic places on earth.
Asia is considered as the spiritual center of the planet. All major religions in the world have been born in this continent before they spread to the west and other parts of the world.
Asia and Middle East are birthplace to Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Thus, Asian people are not only diverse in culture but also in faith.
Colonization has greatly changed the diverse picture in Asia.
considered as the only Christian nation in the continent.
born of its colonization by Spain and Americans.
birthplace of Buddhism.
shows the longest spiritual and sacred history.
Epic of Mahabharata
Pre-Modern Philippine Literature:
is vastly influenced by Spain, as in the case of Rizalwho wrote best in Spanish.
Modern Philippine Literature:
influenced by the Americans, as in the case of writers like Santos, Rivera-Ford, Deriada, Villa, Jose and Guerero whose best works are in English.
History and Nationalism:
Benigno S. Aquino "Ninoy"
If not by colonization, varying influences are the result of geographical proximity as in the case of China, Japan, Korea and Mongolia. So the teachings of Confucius or Lao-tse have greatly spread to such countries as Japan, Korea and others.
its literature has not been vastly changed by colonization, It has retained much of its uniqueness in Literature.
first Asian country to win the Nobel price for literature.
Tale of Genji
Tanka and haiku
20th century themes:
women and children's rights.