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Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
Transcript of Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
April 22, 1870 into a well-educated,
upper-class family. Though his father was a conservatist, his radical ideas were brought up by the execution of his older brother, Alexander. Russia was still under the tzarist government, and Alexander and others had plotted to kill Tsar Alexander III. Lenin believed in Karl Marx's ideals, who believed a revolution of the poor and lower-class workers could lead to a new system of power in charge. He moved to St. Petersburg in 1893. This was where he practiced law. In 1895, he became a member the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, which was a Marxist group. On December 7, 1895, Lenin was arresting for plotting against Tsar Alexander III and for planning to publish the illegal newspaper, Rabochye Delo. He spent 14 months imprisoned in St. Petersburg and then was exiled to Siberia for 3 years. During his lifetime, Lenin published the books:
The Development of Capitalism in Russia
What Is to Be Done?
Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism He traveled around Russia and Europe after his exile. During this time, he co-founded the newspaper Iskra. During the Great War (World War I), he stayed in Switzerland. At the 1903 meeting in London of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, he emerged as the leader of the Bolshevik faction. With the outbreak of the Russian Revolution of 1905, he returned to Russia, but he resumed his exile in 1907 and continued his energetic agitation for the next 10 years. As revolutionary leader of the Soviet state, he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany (1918). In ill health since 1922,
he died of a stroke in 1924.