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Transcript of Dyslexia
Dyslexia literally means 'trouble with words'. It is the term used to describe difficulties with spelling, writing and reading.
Dyslexia Australia’s definition:
A visual and experiential learning style that requires specific and alternative teaching methods
in order to avoid learning disabilities and enhance
abilities. S L E X I A Teaching to Read Strategies
Phonological Awareness is a broad term that
refers to the ability to separate spoken sentences
into words, and spoken words into syllables.
It includes identifying and working with:
* oral rhymes (mad - bad)
* syllables (carrot - clap /car/ /rot/)
* onsets and nucleus (sip - onset = /s/, nucleus = /ip/)
* individual phonemes (or sounds) (sun = /s/ /u/ /n/) What can teachers do?
Using a multi-sensory
means helping a child
to learn through more
than one of the senses.
The answer is to involve
the use of more of the
child’s senses, especially
the use of touch and
This will give the child’s
brain tactile and kinetic
memories to hang on
to, as well as the visual
and auditory ones. The majority of dyslexic children
In any school have come to the conclusion that they are stupid! in any week of the year a dyslexic child experiences a huge amount of failure. He needs praise, gold stars,
credits, and certificates for things he does in school - of a non-academic nature - which are commendable: helping a new pupil to settle in, co-operating well in a games session, coming up with a
fresh creative idea for art, etc. Build up Self-Esteem http://www.dyslexia-australia.com.au/ These two don't
for someone with
dyslexia What do these people
have in common? Myth or Fact? Dyslexia is a problem related to vision.
People with dyslexia see things as though they are mirrored.
More girls than boys are dyslexic.
Dyslexia can be outgrown.
Smart people cannot be dyslexic. 3 types of dyslexia: Trauma Dyslexia: brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing.
Primary Dyslexia: Dysfunction of the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex) and does not change with age. Passed in family lines through their genes (hereditary).
Secondary Dyslexia: Caused by hormonal development during the early stages of fetal development. What are the indicators of dyslexia? creative thinkers difficulty between
similar sounds good visual skills difficulty between
similar symbols good verbal and social skills poor:
sense of time
sense of directions difficulty sequencing
alphabet Ability to see the bigger picture poor reading & handwriting fatigue Struggles with decoding &
ordering of letters Difficulty Reading, Writing, & Spelling Characteristics:
Alienation Before School: Late Talking
Slow to expand vocabulary School Age: Reading Level
Listening problems (including instructions)
Problems remembering the sequence of things
Mixing up Letters
Pronouncing Unfamiliar words
Seeing words or letters in reverse
Trouble learning a foreign language Using Multisensory Teaching Methods Learning Problems:
Modalities b = d? Movement and interaction
with objects Exercise: Make a List Things that I am good at
Things that I am not so good at Dyslexia is a condition that is hard to define. This is why it is so much more important to concern yourself with how it affects you. Awareness of your unique set of symptoms will help you to identify the areas you need to attack. The most important thing is to build your understanding of your dyslexia, and how you are going to beat it. It is important to recognize that behavior difficulties in school may be a sign of dyslexia. Any sign of problems in learning to read, even very early in a child’s school career, should be taken seriously and investigated. Having a learning disability doesn’t need to be a disadvantage; it’s just a different learning style. Approach learning disabilities from their advantages instead of their disadvantages. Resilience is always going to be an important part of life and life is always going to be a challenge. Nevertheless it's the challenges that make us the people we are. Life can be harsh and people nasty but being able to take this and not let it hold you back should be a satisfying success in itself. Dyslexia is a condition that is hard to define. This is why it is so much more important to concern yourself with how it affects you. In people who suffer this illness, the most important thing is to build your understanding of your dyslexia, and how you are going to beat it. CONCLUSIONS It is important to recognize that behavior difficulties in school may be a sign of dyslexia. Any sign of problems in learning to read, even very early in a child’s school career, should be taken seriously and investigated. Having a learning disability doesn’t need to be a disadvantage; it’s just a different learning style. Approach learning disabilities from their advantages instead of their disadvantages.