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Cape Breton Highlands National Park of Canada
Transcript of Cape Breton Highlands National Park of Canada
Allison Mahurin-Early Bird
Attractions of Cape Breton Highlands National Park include one-third of the Cabot Trail which passes through the park showing breath-taking views of mountains and ocean scenery.
"Cape Breton Highlands National Park." National Geographic. National Geographic Book Guide to the National Parks of Canada, 2011. Web. 15 October 2013. Cape Breton Highlands National Park of Canada has rich history. It is located in the province of Nova Scotia. One-third of the world-famous Cabot Trail run through this national park offering stunning views of mountains and the ocean.
Cape Breton Highlands National Park of Canada is located on the northern Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia.
The area of Cape Breton Highlands National Park is 366.4 sq miles (949 sq km)
Cape Breton Highlands National Park was established in 1936.
Cape Breton Highlands was the first national park designated in the Atlantic part of Canada.
The park is commonly known as the place "where the mountains meet the sea."
About 88% of the park is forested meaning it is covered in foliage. The upper reaches which is the plateau is covered mostly in large areas of coniferous trees, dotted with barrens and wetlands which is the boreal vegetation and a tundra-like landscape characterized by scrub forest, barrens, and bogs in the taiga vegetation; it is also apart of the worn-down Appalachian Mountain chain which stretches from Georgia to Newfoundland.
The park contains 6 campgrounds, 26 hiking trails, multiple beaches, and a world-class golf course.
Most of the population of Nova Scotia's endangered Canadian lynx lives in the park as well as moose, hare, grouse, and marten.
Human history of northern Cape Breton reaches back 10,000 years. One group named the Mi'kmaq have lived here for about 4,000 years which Portuguese, French, Scottish, Irish, and Dutch immigrants settled in this region from the 1400s onward.
The park and the treasures of the park have been shaped by the St. Lawrence Seaway on the westward side and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The shorelines include rocky shorelines and dramatic headlands to cobbled and sandy beaches. There is a healthy marine food chain found here. Minke whales, pilot whales, and harbour seals are frequent visitors of the park. About 230 species of birds are also frequent visitors to different sections of the park.
There are old-growth stands of trees that are more than 350 years old.
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