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Transcript of Engineering Management
- Innovation-driven engineering company like Apple, Mitsubishi. Works for: - A working environment which requires attention to details
- A working team lacks of relevant expertise People Orientated Bureaucratic "By the book" or "Process leadership" Transactional Democratic What is it? Transformational NO! It depends on.... Task Orientated Leadership in Engineering What
Leadership? What are the main styles of leadership? Laissez-Faire Autocratic "An Engineer is hired for their technical skills, fired for their poor people skills, and promoted for their leadership skills" (Russell and Yao, 1999) high job satisfaction = high productivity May lead to in-productivity if team members are bad at time management Disadvantages How to be an effective
Autocratic leader All decision making powers are centralized in the leader
Not only control the efforts of the team, but also monitor them for completion
Provide clear expectation: What, when and how?
No suggestion from subordinates
Communication is one way Situation where control is necessary
Little margin of error
Quick decision needs to be made
Situation where subordinate staff is inexperienced Benefits Respect the subordinates
Explain the rules/procedure
Educate before you enforce
Listen, even it does not change anything Less layers of management; permits quick Decision-making
Set deadlines and must be met and projects/tasks are always delivered before the final deadline
Leader can quickly identify areas of inefficiency
Each member can focus at a specific task without worrying about complex decision making
Allows group members become highly skilled at performing certain tasks Abusing this style can lead to resentment among group members
Create environment of fear
No fresh ideas, Results in lack of creative solutions of problem
One way communication without feedback lead to communication breakdown
Little praise is provided What is it? Disadvantages Engineering Examples of when effective Advantages Bureaucratic leaders ensure that processes and procedures are created and followed by all.
They rely on a good structural framework rather than interpersonal skills to manage people. Low tolerance level tasks eg. pharmaceutical manufacturing
High risk tasks e.g. toxic substances, asbestos
Tasks where documentation is important e.g public infrastructure Ensures details do not get overlooked and corners are not cut
Leads to good documentation of what/when/where
Clear outline of what is expected of team members Ineffective in small organizations with few management levels
Time is spent completing paperwork not on the task
Can stifle innovation, creativity and flexibility Task-orientated Laissez-faire Impoverished Transformational servant X-Y theory Autocratic People orientated Transactional Leadership spectrum Leadership matrix Leadership continuum Authority-compliance Country club management ? 3. The stage the project is in. 1. The personality, skill level and experience of the team members. 2. Level of urgency Vs level of creativity required. 4. Level of risk (both financial and safety). 5. The leaders stage in career (position within company). Pros Cons Involves all team members in the decision making.
Boosts the moral of the team(s)
Increased exploration of solutions Ineffective response to a crisis
Decisions can be influenced by incompetent members A society of multiple members to solve a common problem. Project Leader Team 1 Team 2 Team 3 Mechanical Thermal Electronics What is it? Means “leave it be” in French!
Leaders give team complete freedom to do their work and to set their own deadlines.
Leader supports team with resources and advice Project Leader Team 1 Team 2 Team 3
Team members are highly skilled, motivated and experienced. When? Watch out! Laissez-faire occuring through poor impoverished leadership (neither task nor people orientated) is not leadership! Leaders must monitor performance and give regular feedback Why it's good: Why it's bad: Examples: GSM Towers Wind turbines Bridges/Superways - Inspire and motivate team.
- Communicate well with teams.
- Understand the weaknesses and strengths of each team member.
- Delegate freely and rely upon the talent and expertise of the members Disadvantage: Advantage: - Rewards and punishments are contingent
- Rules, procedures and standards are essential Suitable engineering environment Description: - Clear roles and responsibilities
- Works within the organizational culture
- Ambition and motivation are rewarded - Limitations in innovative and creative work
- Followers' full potential may be prevented
- Only works when tasks and processes are well designed
- May work well in the “business” side of Eng projects (managing budgets, recording, etc)
- May be efficient on simple projects that do not require innovation - Expect the best from everyone including themselves
- Induce high productivity and engagement
- Team takes ownership for their tasks
- Enhance performance Pros: - Might overlook the project details
- Over-emphasize on the soft skills
- Delegate tasks too freely Cons: Characteristics When it should be used? "Installation of PSI Isolating gaskets", www.alliedcorrosion.com, 2/4/13 Is one style of leadership useful for all engineering environments?