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Landfills: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

A Science Project About the Footprints We Leave on Earth
by

Amy Wang

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Landfills: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch

By: Amy Wang and Lindsey Jin Landfills: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Introduction Closing: Result Many landfills around the world, but largest one is in the ocean, called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch
Located in the middle of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre.
Questions so answer:
How did this happen?
How big are our actions' impact on the world?
What can we do to change our ways and help? Waste is lost, discarded, or discharged into ocean. (sometimes accidentally)
Benefits up by not taking up space on land
History-
trash has always been tossed into seas and broken down in fairly short time by marine microorganisms
in advancement, we created plastic that can't be overcome by even the strongest bacteria Human Activity Environmental Impact Action Plan Works Cited 1855 1909 1997 1988 Timeline Celluloid was invented by
Alexander Parkes The Ocean Conservancy group
mobilized the international coastal cleanup
prevent trash from entering the waters by working with everyone from individuals to businesses to change the behaviors that cause ocean trash
a 19-year-old invented a contraption to pick up trash in the ocean
Ways you can help:
Minor goal: throw away trash; not litter
would prevent trash from blowing into the oceans or rivers.
Minor goal: recycling
would prevent having too much trash with nowhere to go.
Major goal: organize community cleanup days
would help take away a lot of trash that we already put there.
Major step= really realistic and not difficult to be put into action, because easy to organize and simple to do, anyone can take part in it. Synthetic plastic, called Bakelite, was invented by Ceo Baekeland, which is commonly used today First landfill was discovered The Great Pacific Garbage Patch
was discovered by NOAA (United
States National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration Affected species: sea birds, turtles, beluga whales, killer whales, and other marine mammals
How animals are affected:
get caught in nets
swallow bottle caps
tangled in plastic
ingesting harmful substances
strangled by plastic rings
block sunlight from reaching algae and plankton, which are important autotrophs of the food web
Breast cancer was caused by chemicals ingested
Loggerhead turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish The trash blocks the sunlight from reaching the plankton, which
needs it to survive.Then the consumers die from loss of food and the predators suffer afterwards as well. As you can see, the ocean
currents circle around the area
of which the landfillis are located.
This results in the trash being
confined in one area, creating a
large landfill. This picture
demonstrates all of the
dangers of not being
careful and letting trash
hurt the ecosystem. This image shows some
people trying to help rid
the trash we built up. "19-Year-Old Invents Way To Clean The Ocean Of Plastic Garbage." Uproxx RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Algalita Media Center." Algalita Marine Research Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"Currents." NOAA's National Ocean Service: Education:. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"Great Pacific Garbage Patch." - National Geographic Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"How Can Ocean Pollution Be Prevented?" WiseGEEK. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
Hunt, Melody J. "Landfill." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"International Coastal Cleanup 2012 Data Release." Ocean Conservancy:. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Marine Debris." Marine Debris. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"The Trash Vortex." Greenpeace International. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"The World's Biggest Landfill - Ocean Pollution - Oprah.com." Oprah.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Trashed: Across the Pacific Ocean, Plastics, Plastics, Everywhere CHARLESMOORE / Natural History V.112, N.9, Nov03." Trashed: Across the Pacific Ocean, Plastics, Plastics, Everywhere CHARLESMOORE / Natural History V.112, N.9, Nov03. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Who Discovered Great Pacific Garbage Patch? - Curiosity." Curiosity. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Who Invented Plastic and When?" Who Invented Plastic and When? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. Great Pacific Garbage Patch is effecting all of us in a way that this could be a major issue for us
is causing many sea animals to die because of lack of food and sunlight
contains non-degradable plastics- materials trap aquatic life and poison them either by physical blockage or as carriers of toxic in them.
toxic will get into the fish and when we eat the fish, we'll be contaminated.
patch formed from lazy people that don't throw away their trash, and it ends up in the ocean
ways to help: throw away your trash and recycle. Here's a video
explaining this presentation
overall more interestingly.
Full transcript