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GCSE Revision: Religion and Prejudice

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Jo Marsh

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of GCSE Revision: Religion and Prejudice

GCSE Revision: Religion and Prejudice
Revision Questions - TIPS
Explain what is meant by religious prejudice. (2 marks)

Describe how religious believers could work to reduce prejudice. (4 marks)

Explain religious attitudes to sexism. Refer to beliefs and teachings in your answer. (5 marks)

"Racism is the worst form of prejudice." Do you agree? Give reasons and explain your answer showing you have thought about more than one one point of view. refer to religious arguments in your answer.
Famous Individuals
Successes - his legacy
Types of Prejudice
Upbringing
Bad experience
Media
Ignorance
Scapegoating
Key Teachings and Concepts
Justice
- laws are designed to keep society fair.
Tolerance
- people understanding why and how others are different, so they are accepting of them.
Community
- everyone working together for their joint good.
Harmony
- different people living in friendship together, accepting and respectful of each other's difference.
The Law
Many laws exist to protect people against unlawful discrimination.
Racism
Sexism
Ageism
Homophobia
Religious
Lifestyle and culture
Causes of Prejudice
Effects of Discrimination
Can affect people in different ways:

Negative
Emotional
Isolation
Physically driven out
Loss of property or possessions
Sense of injustice
Death
Positive
Determination
Pride
Sense of community
Sense of purpose
can provide jobs and support
Balancing society
1976 Race Relations Act
- illegal to discriminate because of race, nationality or ethnic background; not to use abusive language about race or publish material to stir up racial hatred.
2000 Race Relations Amendment Act
- protect people in the public sector. Stressed the need to promote harmony and diversity.
1975 Equal Pay Act
- men and women have to be paid the same for the same job.
1975 Sex Discrimination Act
- promoted equal opportunities for man and women and made it illegal to discriminate on the grounds of gender.
2005 Disability Act
- ensured equal access and opportunities for people with disabilities.
2007 Sexual Orientation Act
- promoted equality for gay and lesbian, making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation.
Responses by religious people to prejudice and victims of it
Pray
Look to holy books to help
Individuals speak to religious leaders
Campaign for change
Petition
Education
Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948)
In the 1890's he worked in South Africa for the rights of migrant Indian workers.
Led a movement against the British Empire for Indian independence in the 1930's and 40's.
Used non-violent non-cooperation - direct action in India, such as marches, boycotts and hunger strike.
Also campaigned against the caste system in India.
1914 - the South African government accepted many of his demands, gaining Indian people greater rights.
1947 - British rule in India ended and the country became independent.
People's attitudes began to change towards the caste system so that the 'Untouchables' were more accepted and have more rights under the law.
His non-violent values and methods have been used and drawn on by other campaigners.
Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)
Black Baptist minister in the USA in the 1950's and 60's.
Leader of the civil rights movement.
Used political speeches, sit-ins, marches, boycotts as a method of political pressure for change - all direct non-violent action.
His action were based on his Christian belief that God created us equal.
Assassinated in 1968 but gained many equal rights for Blacks and is now remembered in an annual holiday in the USA

Successes - his legacy
Segregation is now illegal in the USA.
Equal civil rights for blacks and whites.
Voting rights for black Americans and equality across every aspect of society as well as protection under the law.
Set the ball rolling for future black leaders such as Rev. Jesse Jackson and President Barack Obama
Archbishop Desmond Tutu (1931 - )
South African black archbishop.
Fought against the apartheid system of segregation.
Organised a non-violent struggle using marches, boycotts and petitions.
Brought the issue of apartheid to worldwide attention, which helped to bring pressure on the government to end the system.
Successes
Apartheid system dismantled.
Elections held - first black president elected (Nelson Mandela)
His work led to South Africa fielding international sports teams which included people of all races.
Shown that injustice can be fought successfully in a peaceful way.
Christianity
God created all men equal.

"There is neither Jew nor Gentile, slave nor free man, male or female. We are all one in Christ."
"Do unto others as you would wish want others to do to you."

Jesus said 'Love your neighbour' in the story of the Good Samaritan.

In the Good Samaritan the man is helped because he needs it, not because of who he was.

Jesus had many women followers, healed those who needed his help and befriended outcasts such as the tax-collector Zacchaeus.
Islam
Difference was Allah's design so persecution is unjustified.

Allah loves the fair minded

The Five Pillars apply to all.

Muhammad allowed a black African man to do the call of prayer.

In Madinah all were welcome regardless of wealth, status or creed.

The Muslim Declaration of Human Rights states all people are equal.

On hajj everyone is equal in dress and action.
Buddhism
Five Precepts state "do not harm others or use harmful language.

Metta (loving kindness) should be used by all.

Everyone is equal and welcome in the Sangha.

Prejudice creates bad karma.

Compassion should be the centre of all actions.
Give a definition and an example
Make sure you develop your ideas, with some more comment about what you have said and explain with examples if you can.
Focus on the title - in this case 'sexism' and make sure the teachings are relevant.
Use plenty of examples and explain the teachings, not just list them.
Make sure you give both sides of the argument:

Agree and give your reason
Teaching to support the argument. Explain and develop.
A second teaching to support the argument. Explain and develop.
However (disagree), give a reason
Teaching to support this argument. Explain and develop.
A second teaching to support the argument. Explain and develop.
Conclusion
Individuals - Gee Walker
Community - Corrymeela
Forgiveness
Support
Full transcript