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Eschatology

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by

Alan Bruns

on 13 March 2016

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Transcript of Eschatology

Individual Eschatology
Cast of Characters

John- Narrator
Holy Trinity (1:4-5)
Father
Jesus Christ/ Lamb
Holy Spirit
Unholy/ Counterfeit Trinity
Red Dragon/ Devil
Sea Beast/ Antichrist
Land Beast/ False Prophet
7 Churches (Lampstands)
Women (People Groups)
Bride (True Believers)
Harlot (Unbelievers)
2 Witnesses (Lampstands)
Alan Bruns
Cycles
1. 6:1-8:1
2. 8:2-11:19
3. 12:1-14:20
4. 15:1-16:21
5. 17:1-19:10
6. 19:11-19:21
7. 20:1-21:8
Repeated themes
People of
God
Wrath
Tribulation
God's Wrath
2nd Coming
Harvest/Judgment
Purified Bride with Husband (7 heads & eyes)
New Heaven and New Earth
Bride to Endure
Harlot to receive Judgment
Bride Persecuted & Struggling
7 Letters to 7 Churches
One like the Son of Man
7 Cycles/ Judgments (with 2 interludes) with a
7 Sealed Scroll, announced by
7 Angels with
7 Trumpets, and depicted with
7 Plagues from 7 Bowls.
Ch 21-22 (Resolution)
Ch 4-21 (Rising/Climax/Falling)
Ch 1-3 (Exposition)
The Plot
Greatest Eschatological event has already happened
Jesus is involved with His church now
It is not for you to know the times
Stop looking for the end, but live in light of the end
Continue as God's Witness throughout the world
Saints marked by God
Be steadfast in persecution and suffering
Do not fear, be faithful to death
Be alert to false teachers & demonic forces
There will be ultimate justice for all injustices
Christ will defeat Satan and return for His Bride soon
Are you ready for His return?
Numerology

Biblical Prime Numbers
4- Earth
6- Less than Seven
7- God/Heavenly Perfection
10- Completeness
12- Foundation of Saints
Non-Prime numbers
24 (12+12 = OT+NT)
666
1000 (10x10x10)
12,000 (12x1000)
144,000 (12x12x1000)
Fraction- Incomplete
3- 1/2 - Half of Seven
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Dramatic presentation of the “things must soon take place”
Interpretation Views of NT Eschatology

Preterists
Historicists
Futurist
Idealists
Alan Bruns
1 Thes 4:17-18, Rev 20:11-21:4. V-Day
Parousia (2nd Coming)
Final Judgment
Wedding Feast
New Heaven and New Earth
Genesis 1:1, Genesis 3:15- The Garden
Prophets, Kingdom of Israel
OT a Copy/Shadow (Heb 10:1)
Col 1:11-14. D-Day
Apostles, NT
Fall of Jerusalem 70 AD, End of Temple
The Church Age
Paradise Regained
Paradise Lost
Eschatology
I. God hath appointed a day, wherein He will judge the world, in righteousness, by Jesus Christ, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. In which day, not only the apostate angels shall be judged, but likewise all persons that have lived upon earth shall appear before the tribunal of Christ, to give an account of their thoughts, words, and deeds; and to receive according to what they have done in the body, whether good or evil.
Corporate Eschatology
Death (Spiritual, eternal, physical)
Intermediate State
Bodies return to dust
Soul
Believers- Before the face of God
Nonbelievers- Souls wait in Hades
Resurrection and Last Judgement
Coming of the Kingdom
CHAPTER 32 – Of the State of Men after Death, and of the Resurrection of the Dead
I. The bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption: but their souls, which neither die nor sleep, having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them: the souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God, in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies. And the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day. Beside these two places, for souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledgeth none.
II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed: and all the dead shall be raised up, with the self-same bodies, and none other (although with different qualities), which shall be united again to their souls for ever.
II. The end of God’s appointing this day is for the manifestation of the glory of His mercy, in the eternal salvation of the elect; and of His justice, in the damnation of the reprobate, who are wicked and disobedient. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fullness of joy and refreshing, which shall come from the presence of the Lord: but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the Gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power.
III. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin; and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity: so will He have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come Lord Jesus, come quickly. Amen.
But concerning that day and hour no one knows,
not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only. Matt 24:36
What is
Eschatology
and why does it matter?
Amillennial

Postmillennial

Historical Premillennial

Dispensational Premillennial
All Scripture is important (2 Tim 3:16-17)

Blessed is the one who reads the words of prophecy (Rev 1:3)

We are to live in light of the end

God has a plan and purpose and therefore our lives have a plan and purpose

View of the end times has a dramatic effect on how one understands the role of the Christian's involvement in the world

III. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour: the bodies of the just, by His Spirit, unto honour; and be made conformable to His own glorious body.
The one who prophesies speaks to people for their upbuilding and encouragement and consolation. 1 Cor. 14:3
He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons that the Father has fixed by his own authority. But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth." Acts 1:7-8
Therefore, do not be anxious about tomorrow, for
tomorrow will be anxious for itself... Matt 6:34
Understanding the
Millennium of
Revelation 20:1-6
Eschatology Conclusion
The Last Judgment
Eschatological Scripture

All of Scripture
Olivet Discourse
Matt 24, Mark 13, Luke 21
Revelation
O.T.- Daniel/ Zechariah/ Isaiah/ Joel
Theological Concepts

View of
Kingdom of God
Israel and Church
OT vs NT
Others
Last Day(s)/ Day of the Lord
Tribulation
Antichrist(s)
Resurrection/ Rapture
Judgment
New Heaven and New Earth
Do you take the Bible Literally? Of course!

Literal
Literature
Figurative
Symbols
The Story
Study of the End
WCF CHAPTER 32 – The State of Men after Death, and the Resurrection of the Dead
I. The bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption: but their souls, which neither die nor sleep, having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them: the souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God, in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies. And the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day. Beside these two places, for souls separated from their bodies, the Scripture acknowledges none.
II. At the last day, such as are found alive shall not die, but be changed: and all the dead shall be raised up, with the selfsame bodies, and none other (although with different qualities), which shall be united again to their souls forever.
III. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonor: the bodies of the just, by His Spirit, unto honor; and be made conformable to His own glorious body.
OT- Sheol vs. Paradise
NT- Hades, Gehenna, Tartarus vs. Paradise, Heaven
Summary
Death (Physical)
Intermediate State
Believer's Soul- Psychopannychia vs. before the face of God
Wicked- Soul waits in Hades (Hell)
Resurrection and Last Judgment
New Heaven/Earth vs. Perdition (Spiritual Death)
CHAPTER 33 – Of the Last Judgment
Full transcript