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Technological Changes that Affected Music: 1950-2010

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Kemen Wong

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Technological Changes that Affected Music: 1950-2010

Technological Changes
that Affected Music 1950-2010 Radio and Television The Internet and the 20th Century Internet iTunes Other advancements Television Shows Radios Cont. Radio Old Fashioned Records Portable Music Players CD's and Cassette Tapes Physical Mediums 45 rpm Vinyl Records released in 1949 by RCA ("Rock Music Timeline -1950's"). 1980 was the year compact disks were created. Due
to its capacity and sturdiness compared to vinyl records, it became the main medium for music (Bergamini, 53). With the evolution of old cassette and record players the technologically improved MP3 players and iPods. Radios were first invented in the early 1900s by Nikola Tesla, which was acknowledged as the inventor ("The history of radio"). The brilliance of the radio doesn't stop there. The transistor radios were created; radios that were smaller and a lot cheaper for people to purchase. Not only did it become more portable, it could also be found in cars when it became a standard in the 1950s ("1950' The Beginning of Rock and Roll"). Deejays were very influential during the late 1900s as rap became popular. Their skills in the use of samplers (the manipulation of sounds) and the drum machine created creative beats. These deejays also created the technique called scratching, a noise made from moving disks back and forth under a needle (Bergamini, 59). The electronic television became available in 1927 and
colour television in 1953 (Bellis). ITunes was developed by apple once their first iPod came out. This was a major business plan to make their fans purchase music files through their company. By: Kemen Wong These were a major improvement compared to the old phonograph records and 33's. The new Vinyl records played at 45 rpm with amazing quality but only held one song. 45's were more compact and were able to be played on portable music players. These records were extremely popular with teens as it allowed them to enjoy music in their own rooms ("1950' The Beginning of Rock and Roll"). 33 rpm Vinyl Records released in 1948 by Columbia ("Rock Music Timeline -1950's"). 78 rpm Shellac Records made between 1898-1950 These phonograph records, or gramophone records, were giant fragile disks that came in paper covers. The record players for 78's were located in living rooms due to their size ("1950' The Beginning of Rock and Roll"). Playing at 78 rpm, they became popular and soon it was made the main type of record after the 1890s. 33 rpm records were a new breakthrough in music technology. These records could hold more tracks in one record than 78 rpm records could and had better quality ("1950' The Beginning of Rock and Roll"). 33's were generally popular with adults. Cassette tapes were created 1962. They were brand new and people at that time didn't see its full potential ("Rock Music Timeline - 1970's"). The tapes were a cheap medium to own and made it possible for people to record with them. The MP3 was first introduced in 1998 by a Korean company ("Media Players"). Apple released the iPod classic in 2001 ("Media Players"). Records were a breakthrough in music during the late 1800s and in the 1900s. It brought a new way for people to listen to music without being physical in front of musicians. These physical mediums also provided a way for people to enjoy their favourite tracks anytime they wanted to instead of tuning to the radio and wait for it to come on. Another thing that records contributed to was towards music companies and record stores. By carefully using demographics, these companies and stores made profit by specifically selling 33's to adults and 45's to teenagers. Cd's were a major advancement in physical mediums for music. Its ability of holding more tracks than records or cassettes made it a lot more popular. Additionally, it could be played in both cars and computers as Cd players were invented. Cassette tapes also had a big influence in the music world. With the invention of tape recorders, these cassette tapes became a tool for unknown musicians to record and share their music. They did not need to hit deals with companies or book expensive recording rooms. The first ever mp3 was known as the Walkman. This could be mainly known as one of the biggest technological advancements for music around the world. This small device had a hard drive that could hold hundreds of songs making CD's look small. The device was portable, contained customizable play lists, and could be easily used by almost anyone. The iPod classic was revolutionary; not only did it become an icon of Apple but it was seen as a more polished, refined mp3 player. For its simplistic design and its layout, it became massively popular and became a common device in many teenagers lives. The radio was another significant invention during the 1900s as it allowed people to tune in to radio stations from their homes. This gave them access to music without having to be physically in front of a band. Radios soon became a norm in everyday life for people. Wives working at home would listen while doing house chores. Husbands, once off work, listen to the radio too. The radio became a common household item which was usually situated in the living room for the whole family to enjoy. Through the advancement of the radio, everyone had access to music almost anywhere. Many companies saw this as a good chance to prosper so they started radio stations. By using demographics again, they made specific channels for adults and teenagers. These channels played music they enjoyed and would play advertisements that best suit them too. Deejays Rap Radio These two types of deejays brought
diversity to both black and white cultures
at those times. Music was one of the first
things that helped stop racism by letting
people of all types connect through all types
of music. Deejays at radio stations were a prime factor in the fusion of white and black music. They constantly played music from both and encourage the barrier between the cultures to disappear. One specific deejay was Alan Freed who helped break down the barrier between rhythm and blues (Bergamini, 12). Television might be one of the most important inventions for music yet. The ability to broadcast live shows featuring musicians doing live music was groundbreaking. Many of these shows promoted music accordingly like American Bandstand and the Ed Sullivan Show ("Rock Music Timeline - 1960's"). The most known influential show had to be MTV, the first music channel promoting music videos. Just in 1981 alone it had 300 different cable systems supporting it. That number grew to 2000 in two years ("Rock Music Timeline - 1980's"). Music videos replaced the need for radio stars but it had never killed them. The Internet was the next big breakthrough for technology and the music world. After industrialization, almost every household had at least one computer. The Internet provided the means of accessing a variety of websites and files online. People started to share their own creativity whether it be photos or videos. The music world was affected heavily by this in the way that artists could post their own music online for the world to see. This gave many artists a chance to become big star musicians and publicize themselves to the world. Not only did it give artists more recognition, but it also helped them interact with their fans. A well known example would be social media like Twitter where artists constantly update themselves to let fans know whats new. The idea of selling music files through the Internet completely replaced the need for record stores and most physical mediums. Although CD's are still being sold today, the vast majority of the world purchases music via the Internet like iTunes. This method also make it beneficial for artists who so not have a company or the money to produce their own CD's and albums. Through the use of a computer and a mic, they could generate a music file with a push of a button and promote themselves online. There has been a hologram of the rap artist, Tupac
Shakur, performing at the 2012 Coachella Festival. The invention of autotune has also surprised the music world. The ability to refine the singers voice to perfection changed the whole way the music industry appeal to their fans.
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